Leadership -Group and Team Performance

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Understanding/Enhancing Group and Team Performance : 

Understanding/Enhancing Group and Team Performance Kevin Jones James McKee Jamal Griffin

Overview : 

Overview Leadership Behavioral approaches Power Five power bases Groupthink Denotative meaning and example

Leadership : 

Leadership The ability to influence the behavior of others through communication A critical management skill The ability to motivate a group of people toward a common goal

Leadership : 

Leadership Trait Approach A view of leadership that identifies specific qualities or characteristics of effective leaders Focuses on the leaders and not the followers Emphasizes that having a leader with a certain set of traits is crucial to having effective leadership

Leadership : 

Leadership Functional Approach A view of leadership that identifies the key task and process roles that need to be performed in a group. Task function – a leadership behavior that helps a group accomplish its job. Process function – a leadership behavior that helps maintain a positive group climate.

Leadership : 

Leadership Styles Approach A view of leadership that identifies three methods of interacting when leading others: Authoritarian leader Democratic leader Laissez-faire leader

Styles approach : 

Styles approach Authoritarian leader: One who leads by directing, controlling, telling, and ordering others.

Styles approach : 

Styles approach Democratic leader: One who leads by developing a consensus among group members Ask for input and then uses the input when leading and making decisions.

Styles approach : 

Styles approach Laissez-faire leader: One who fails or exerts influence only when asked or directed by the group

Leadership : 

Leadership Situational Approach A view of leadership as an interactive process in which a leader gauges how to lead based on such factors as the quality of the relationships among group members, the power of the leader, the nature of the task, and the maturity of the group

Leadership : 

Leadership Transformational Approach A view of leadership that defines a leader as one who leads by shaping the vision of the group and by developing trust through quality interpersonal relationships with group members.

Power : 

Power The ability to influence others’ behavior Power bases explain why certain people have power and why others don’t: Legitimate Referent Expert Reward

Power : 

Power Legitimate power: Power that results from being elected, appointed, or ordained to lead or make decisions for a group or a team

Power : 

Power Referent power: Power that results from being popular and well liked

Power : 

Power Expert power: Power that results from having information or being knowledgeable about issues or ideas

Power : 

Power Reward power: Power that results from having the resources to bestow gifts, money, recognition, or other rewards that member value

Power : 

Power Coercive power: Power that results from having the ability to punish others

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