The Agricultural Revolution

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by:Ryan Ratner

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By: Ryan Ratner Block 1 The Agricultural Revolution

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The Agricultural Revolution occurred between the 1700’s and the 1900’s. During the 1700’s, most people produced food for a living. Numerous factors such as the Industrial Revolution caused the population to grow by vast numbers.

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As the population grew, the amount of food needed increased so much that farmers had to come up with methods of producing food faster and of a greater quantity.

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The entire Agricultural Revolution is based on change. One major change is the “open-field system”. Farmers finally started expanding and sharing their farms. Also, farmers used a crop rotation system to avoid the wasting of farmland.

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• All villagers worked together All the land was shared out Everyone helped each other Everyone had land to grow food For centuries enough food had been grown ADVANTAGES Open Field System

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New technologies had a huge impact on people as well. Farmers learned to take tools previously used for hunting and gathering and improvise them for planting or farming.

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Jethro Tull, Robert Bakewell, and Viscount Townshend each contributed a major development to the Agricultural Revolution.

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Jethro Tull put an end to the uneven distribution of seeds and the harsh labor that went along with planting them. He invented a horse-pulled seed drill that easily planted seeds under the top layer of soil so they wouldn’t get blown or washed away.

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Robert Bakewell introduced a system of breeding certain animals for their qualities called stock breeding.

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Viscount Townshend created the four field system, in which he planted different kinds of crops in different fields and rotated the crops from field to field. This, like many other innovations, greatly increased the quantity of food produced.

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The world today would be extremely different if the Agricultural Revolution never happened. First of all, the Agricultural Revolution paved the way for farmers today. If items like the plow, iron gardening tools, and the seed drill were never invented, we would not have any of the modern farming tools commonly used today.

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Trade was increased so much during the Agricultural Revolution because there was more food produced. The farmers and villagers at this time would begin to interact with more people which led to cultural developments.

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People encouraged the spread of trading so that they could get goods that were not available in their area. Examples would be peasants who made farm tools that had to have iron, and nobles, who needed spices, wool, and furs.

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The End! Thanks For Watching

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