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Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE):

Bombay Stock Exchange ( BSE ) I s a stock exchange located on Dalal Street, Mumbai and is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. I t is the 4th largest stock exchange in Asia and the 8th largest in the world. 5,085 listed Indian companies and over 8,196 scrips on the stock exchange

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The BSE SENSEX, also called "BSE 30", is a widely used market index in India and Asia.

Hours of operation :

Hours of operation SessionTiming Beginning of the Day Session 8:00 - 9:00 Trading Session 9:15 – 15:30 End of Day Session 17:30

History :

History In 1956, the BSE became the first stock exchange to be recognized by the Indian Government under the Securities Contracts Regulation Act. The Bombay Stock Exchange developed the BSE SENSEX in 1986, giving the BSE a means to measure overall performance of the exchange. In 2000 the BSE used this index to open its derivatives market, trading SENSEX futures contracts.

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The development of SENSEX options along with equity derivatives followed in 2001 and 2002, expanding the BSE's trading platform. Historically an open outcry floor trading exchange, the Bombay Stock Exchange switched to an electronic trading system in 1995. It took the exchange only fifty days to make this transition. This automated, screen-based trading platform called BSE On-line trading (BOLT) currently has a capacity of 8 million orders per day.

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The BSE has also introduced the world's first centralized exchange-based internet trading system, to enable investors anywhere in the world to trade on the BSE platform.

Timeline :

Timeline 1830's Business on corporate stocks and shares in Bank and Cotton presses started in Mumbai. 1860-1865 Cotton price bubble as a result of the American Civil War. 1870 - 90's Sharp increase in share prices of jute industries followed by a boom in tea stocks and coal

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1978-79 Base year of SENSEX, defined to be 100. 1986 SENSEX first compiled using a market Capitalization-Weighted methodology for 30 component stocks representing well-established companies across key sectors. 30 October 2006 crossed the magical figure of 13,000 and closed at 13,024.26 points, up 117.45 points or 0.9%. It took 135 days for the SENSEX to move from 12,000 to 13,000 and 123 days to move from 12,500 to 13,000.

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5 December 2006 crossed the 14,000-mark to touch 14,028 points. 6 July 2007 crossed the magical figure of 15,000 to touch 15,005 points in afternoon trade. 19 September 2007 The SENSEX scaled yet another milestone during early morning trade on September 19, 2007. Within minutes after trading began, the SENSEX crossed 16,000, rising by 450 points from the previous close.

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6 September 2007 Within minutes after trading began, the SENSEX crossed the 17,000-mark. 9 October 2007 The BSE SENSEX crossed the 18,000-mark.. 15 October 2007 The SENSEX crossed the 19,000-mark backed by revival of funds-based buying in blue chip stocks in metal, capital goods and refinery sectors.

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29 October 2007 The SENSEX crossed the 20,000 mark on the back of aggressive buying by funds ahead of the US Federal Reserve meeting. 8 January 2008 The SENSEX peaks. It crossed the 21,000 mark in intra-day trading after 49 trading sessions. This was backed by high market confidence of increased FII investment and strong corporate results for the third quarter. However, it later fell back due to profit booking. 13 June 2008 The SENSEX closed below 15,200 mark, Indian market suffer with major downfall from January 21, 2008

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6 October 2008 The SENSEX closed at 11801.70 hitting the lowest in the past 2 years. 10 October 2008 The SENSEX today closed at 10527, 800.51 points down from the previous day. Thus , this week turned out to be the week with largest percentage fall in the SENSEX 18 May 2009 After the result of 15th Indian general election SENSEX gained 2100.79 points from the previous close of 12173.42, a record one-day gain

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19 October 2010 BSE introduced the 15-minute special pre-open trading session, a mechanism under which investors can bid for stocks before the market opens. The mechanism, known as 'pre-open session call auction', lasted for 15 minutes (from 9:00-9:15 am ).

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5 November 2010 BSE SENSEX crossed the 21000 mark (exactly 21004.96). 27 December 2010 BSE SENSEX is at 20,028.93.


INDICES The launch of SENSEX in 1986 was later followed up in January 1989 by introduction of BSE National Index It comprised 100 stocks listed at five major stock exchanges in India - Mumbai, Calcutta, Delhi, Ahmedabad and Madras

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The BSE National Index was renamed BSE-100 Index from October 14, 1996 BSE launched the dollar-linked version of BSE-100 index on May 22, 2006 BSE launched two new index series on 27 May 1994: The 'BSE-200' and the 'DOLLEX-200'. BSE-500 Index and 5 sectoral indices were launched in 1999

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In 2001, BSE launched BSE-PSU Index, DOLLEX-30 and the country's first free-float based index - the BSE TECk Index

National Stock Exchange of India:

National Stock Exchange of India It is the 9th largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization and largest in India by daily turnover and number of trades, for both equities and derivative trading NSE has a market capitalization of around US$1.59 trillion and over 1,552 listings as of December 2010

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The NSE's key index is the S&P CNX Nifty, known as the NSE NIFTY (National Stock Exchange Fifty), an index of fifty major stocks weighted by market capitalisation . NSE is mutually-owned by a set of leading financial institutions, banks, insurance companies and other financial intermediaries in India but its ownership and management operate as separate entities

Origins :

Origins The National Stock Exchange of India was promoted by leading Financial institutions at the behest of the Government of India. Incorporated in November 1992 In April 1993, it was recognized as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956

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NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market (WDM) segment in June 1994

Markets :

Markets Currently, NSE has the following major segments of the capital market: Equity Futures and Options Retail Debt Market Wholesale Debt Market Currency futures Mutual Fund Stocks lending and borrowing

Milestones :

Milestones November 1992 Incorporation April 1993 Recognition as a stock exchange April 1995 Establishment of NSCCL, the first Clearing Corporation October 1995 Became largest stock exchange in the country

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April 1996 Launch of S&P CNX Nifty November 1996 Setting up of National Securities Depository Limited, first depository in India, co-promoted by NSE December 1996 Commencement of trading/settlement in dematerialised securities

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December 1996 Launch of CNX Nifty Junior February 1997 Regional clearing facility goes live May 1998 Promotion of joint venture, India Index Services & Products Limited ( IISL June 2000 Commencement of Derivatives Trading (Index Futures)

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December 2000 Commencement of WAP trading June 2001 Commencement of trading in Index Options July 2001 Commencement of trading in Options on Individual Securities

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November 2001 Commencement of trading in Futures on Individual Securities January 2002 Launch of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs ) October 2002 Launch of NSE Government Securities Index

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June 2007 NSE launches derivatives on Nifty Junior & CNX 100 October 2007 NSE launches derivatives on Nifty Midcap 50 April 2008 Launch of India VIX April 2008 Launch of Securities Lending & Borrowing Scheme

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August 2008 Launch of Currency Derivatives August 2009 Launch of Interest Rate Futures November 2009 Launch of Mutual Fund Service System December 2009 Commencement of settlement of corporate bonds

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February 2010 Launch of Currency Futures on additional currency pairs October 2010 Launch of 15-minute special pre-open trading session, a mechanism under which investors can bid for stocks before the market opens.

Indices :

Indices NSE also set up as index services firm known as India Index Services & Products Limited (IISL) and has launched several stock indices, including : S&P CNX Nifty (Standard & Poor's CRISIL NSE Index) CNX Nifty Junior CNX 100 (= S&P CNX Nifty + CNX Nifty Junior ) S&P CNX 500 (= CNX 100 + 400 major players across 72 industries) CNX Midcap (introduced on 18 July 2005 replacing CNX Midcap 200 )

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