Unsaturated Fat versus Saturated Fat

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Unsaturated Fat versus Saturated FatPhotosynthesisNutrients : 

Alex Pei Morgan Hawthorne Lela Han Andrea Zelen Unsaturated Fat versus Saturated FatPhotosynthesisNutrients

Plant Cell : 

Plant Cells are found inside a plant leaf Plant cells contain things such as : Vacuoles Amyloplast Cytoplasm A centrosome A nucleus Ribosomes Golgi Body Mitochondrion CHLOROPLAST Plant Cell

Chloroplast : 

Chloroplast is vital for the absorption of sunlight. Inside the chloroplast, chlorophyll is attached to the chloroplast membrane. Chloroplast

Chlorophyll : 

The chlorophyll inside the plant cell become energized as sunlight hits it. This is the result of electrons connecting with the chlorophyll. Energy cannot be contained and is soon released. Chlorophyll

Adenosine Triphosphate : 

ATP for short ATP is powered by the energy released from chlorophyll A ATP is one of the energy source for plants Adenosine Triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Synthesis : 

Adenosine Triphosphate Synthesis

Nicotinamid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate : 

Electrons receive another boost of energy from the chlorophyll, defusing hydrogen from water leaving oxygen and NADP Nicotinamid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate

End of photosynthesis : 

At the end of photosynthesis, 2 ATP molecules and 1 NADP molecule are left over. Oxygen is a bi-product from the production of NADP and is released into the air. End of photosynthesis

High-Fructose Corn Syrup : 

Processed sugar made from corn in order to have a cheaper alternative for sweeteners. High-Fructose Corn Syrup

High-Fructose Corn syrup : 

This image is a work of a United States Department of Agriculture employee, taken or made during the course of the person's official duties. High-Fructose Corn syrup

Carbohydrates : 

Starches and Sugars Starches (complex carbohydrates) are cereal, potatoes, bread, vegetables, rice, pasta, bananas Sugars (intrinsic sugars) are fruits, table sugar, cakes, honey, biscuits Diet should be half intrinsic sugars and half complex carbohydrates Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates : 

Carbohydrates Sturm R. Childhood obesity — what we can learn from existing data on societal trends, part 2. Prev Chronic Dis [serial online] 2005 Apr [date cited]. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2005/

Saturated/Unsaturated Fat : 

Fatty acids can be saturated (meaning they have as many hydrogens bonded to their carbons as possible) or unsaturated (with one or more double bonds connecting their carbons, hence fewer hydrogens).” Saturated/Unsaturated Fat

Saturated/Unsaturated Fat : 

Saturated/Unsaturated Fat

Saturated Fat : 

Found in meat, cream, cheese, milk, eggs, butter, pastries, cakes, pies High amounts of saturated fats can raise bad cholesterol level High amounts of saturated fats can raise the amount of low density lipoprotein which can cause heart disease, obesity, and cancer Saturated Fat

Polyunsaturated Fat : 

Found in nuts, vegetable oil Polyunsaturated fats can lower the amount of bad cholesterol and low density lipoprotein Has fatty acids such as omega-6, omega-3, which is required for our diet Fatty acids can prevent cancer, heart disease, deficiencies in immune systems, obesity, and arthritis Polyunsaturated Fat

Monounsaturated Fat : 

Found in rapeseed oil, olive oil, groundnut oil, olives, nuts, avocados Better than polyunsaturated fats because it can stabilize the levels of HDL cholesterol, which is good Have high levels of antioxidants and vitamin E Monounsaturated Fat

Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides) : 

Glucose Comes from digesting carbohydrates Easily converted into energy Rice, grain, pasta, potatoes, fruits, vegetables, and candy are rich in glucose Bile and enzymes are used to break down these foods for energy Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides)

Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides) : 

Fructose Does not cause blood sugar to rise Too much fructose causes the liver to release triglycerides Too many triglycerides can contribute to heart disease Fructose can make you feel hungrier Fructose can lead to type two diabetes Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides)

Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides) : 

Galactose Less-sweet than glucose Found in dairy products Glucose is converted to galactose which is used to create lactose Simple and Complex Carbohydrates(Monosaccharaides)

Other Nutrients : 

Trans Fat Found in margarine, baked goods, fish and chips, fries Trans fats raise the level of bad cholesterol and lower the level of HDL cholesterol Trans fats are worthless in our diet Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Fiber Found in haricot beans, butter beans, kidney beans, soy beans, barley, bran, whole meal, peas, mangos, papayas, parsnips, wheat, whole wheat, Helps slow sugar absorption and lowers low density lipoprotein Prevents constipation and bowel cancer Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin A (Retinol) Promotes vision, skin production, bone growth, and mucous membranes Too much vitamin A can result in double vision Found in lamb’s liver, chicken’s liver, cod liver oil, butter, heavy cream, eggs Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin B1 (Thaimin) Found in quorn, yeast, grilled vegetables, sunflower seeds, peanuts, Helps break down carbohydrates for energy and stabilize the brain and verves The body cannot hold extra Vitamin B1 so excess will be waste Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Found in yeast, lamb’s liver, venison, goat’s milk, tomato sauce, eggs Breaks down fat and protein, promotes healthy skin A lack of vitamin B2 can lead to sore throat, cracked lips, mouth ulcers Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Found in yeast, chicken breast, lamb’s liver, turkey, peanuts, tuna Releases energy stored in food A lack of Vitamin B3 can result in pellagra, slow metabolism Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Found in lentils, salmon, turkey, squid, walnuts, potato Breaks down proteins, produces Vitamin B3, makes blood healthy High doses can cause nerve damage Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin B12 Found in lamb’s liver, oyster, herring, rabbit, scallops, cooked prawns Helps produce blood cells and nerves A lack of Vitamin B12 can cause pernicious anemia Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Found in guava, chili peppers, capsicum, strawberries, papaya, kiwi, oranges Helps immune system, promotes connective tissue, heals wounds, help absorb iron Decreases the risk of heart disease, prevents colds. Too much can lead to diarrhea Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) Found in cod liver oil, kipper, cod roe, herring, sardines, trout, salmon Helps absorb calcium and phosphorus, bones form, and skin cell growth A lack of Vitamin D can lead to bone disease Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin E (Tocopherols) Found in wheatgerm, sunflower, and safflower oil, hazelnuts, almonds Protects cell membranes from damage, prevents heart disease, prevents aging Too much Vitamin E does not cause harm Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Vitamin K Found in green vegetables Moderates blood clotting Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Calcium Cheese, sesame seeds, tofu, white chocolate, almond, soy beans, spinach, milk Needed for muscle functions, nerve functions A lack of calcium can defect bone growth Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Iron Found in curry powder, ginger, lentils, sesame seeds, soy beans, eggs, lean bacon Used to prevent infection and to speed up the healing process A lack can lead to anemia Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Zinc Found in wheat germ, calves’ liver, oyster, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, cashew nuts Needed for growth, reproduction, healthy skin, strong immune system A lack of zinc can lead to skin infections, hair loss, pregnancy malfunctions Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Selenium Found in Brazil nuts, raisins, lamb’s kidney, mushrooms, squid, sole, tuna Needed for growth, fertility, and skin and hair growth Too much selenium can lead to hair and nail loss Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Magnesium Found in cocoa powder, Brazil nuts, sesame seeds, pine nuts, cashew nuts Needed for healthy bones, healthy heart A lack of magnesium can lead to exhaustion, cramps, appetite loss Other Nutrients

Other Nutrients : 

Phosphorus Found in milk, cheese, fish, eggs, yogurt Helps break down food, moderate protein Other Nutrients

Insulin : 

Insulin is a hormone in our body that reduces the amount of glucose in our blood stream. Insulin

References : 

http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/N/NAD.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/protein.html http://www.natural-health-information-centre.com/trace-elements.html http://www.drugs.com/insulin.html http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.swf http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio104/cellresp.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/mitochondria/mitochondria.html http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/vitamins.html http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/vitamins/ http://www.medicinenet.com/insulin/article.htm http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/endocrine/pancreas/insulin_struct.html http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/diabetes/diabetes-what-insulin http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.html http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/Bio231/ltrxn.html http://bcs.whfreeman.com/thelifewire/content/chp08/0802002.html References

Music uSed : 

Song number one – Op.10 no. 5 – Chopin Song number two – La Campanella – Franz Liszt Song number three – Op. 25 no. 9 - Chopin Please enjoy the rest of the song. Music uSed

Music uSed : 

Song number one – Op.10 no. 5 – Chopin Song number two – La Campanella – Franz Liszt Song number three – Op. 25 no. 9 - Chopin Please enjoy the rest of the song. Music uSed

Music uSed : 

Song number one – Op.10 no. 5 – Chopin Song number two – La Campanella – Franz Liszt Song number three – Op. 25 no. 9 - Chopin Please enjoy the rest of the song. Music uSed

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