18 Early Paleozoic

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EARLY PALEOZOIC: 

EARLY PALEOZOIC Cambrian 544-505 Ordovician 505-441 Silurian 441-418

ORDOVICIAN: 

ORDOVICIAN Baltica Early moved south Late - moved north toward Laurentia

ORDOVICIAN: 

ORDOVICIAN Baltica Early moved south Late - moved north toward Laurentia Oceans Early regression Mid- to Late transgressions again

ORDOVICIAN: 

ORDOVICIAN Baltica Early moved south Late - moved north toward Laurentia Oceans Early regression Mid- to Late transgressions again North America Taconic orogeny

SILURIAN: 

SILURIAN Baltica - to equator and headed north

SILURIAN: 

SILURIAN Baltica - to equator and headed north Laurentia - rotating

SILURIAN: 

SILURIAN Baltica - to equator and headed north Laurentia rotating Taconic Mountains eroding Acadian-Caledonian Orogeny beginning

SILURIAN: 

SILURIAN Baltica - to equator and headed north Laurentia rotating Taconic Mountains eroding Acadian-Caledonian Orogeny beginning Siberia - left equator - headed north

SILURIAN: 

SILURIAN Baltica - to equator and headed north Laurentia rotating Taconic Mountains eroding Acadian-Caledonian Orogeny beginning Siberia - left equator - headed north glaciation at high latitudes (over 65 degrees) in south

North American Orogeny: 

North American Orogeny Taconic Orogeny - Ordovician erosion produced Queenston Delta

North American Orogeny: 

North American Orogeny Taconic Orogeny - Ordovician erosion produced Queenston Delta Acadian (Caledonian) Orogeny - Silurian Catskill Delta

Synclines of Early Paleozoic: 

Synclines of Early Paleozoic Franklinian - northern Canada

Synclines of Early Paleozoic: 

Synclines of Early Paleozoic Franklinian - northern Canada Cordilleran - western North America

Early Paleozoic: 

Early Paleozoic

Early Paleozoic: 

Early Paleozoic

LATE PALEOZOIC: 

LATE PALEOZOIC Permian 245-286 Pennsylvanian 286-320 Mississippian 320-362 Devonian 362-418

LATE DEVONIAN: 

LATE DEVONIAN Baltica and Laurentia collision continued forming Laurussia

LATE DEVONIAN: 

LATE DEVONIAN Baltica and Laurentia collision continued forming Laurussia Siberia closing on north Laurussia Ellesmere Orogeny (Franklinian)

LATE DEVONIAN: 

LATE DEVONIAN Baltica and Laurentia collision continued forming Laurussia Siberia closing on north Laurussia Ellesmere orogeny (Franklinian) Antler orogeny in western N. America

ANTLER OROGENY: 

ANTLER OROGENY Antler Orogeny Idaho, Nevada, (California)

ANTLER OROGENY: 

ANTLER OROGENY Antler Orogeny Idaho, Nevada, (California) Collisions of N. America with island arcs in Devonian-Mississippian (Pennsylvanian)

MISSISSIPPIAN: 

MISSISSIPPIAN Mississippian used in N. America - lower Carboniferous in other places

MISSISSIPPIAN: 

MISSISSIPPIAN Mississippian used in N. America - lower Carboniferous in other places widespread epicontinental seas

MISSISSIPPIAN: 

MISSISSIPPIAN Mississippian used in N. America - lower Carboniferous in other places widespread epicontinental seas uplift again in Appalachian area (Baltica)

MISSISSIPPIAN: 

MISSISSIPPIAN Mississippian used in N. America - lower Carboniferous in other places widespread epicontinental seas uplift again in Appalachian area (Baltica) Antler Orogeny continued from Devonian - more island arcs

MISSISSIPPIAN: 

MISSISSIPPIAN Mississippian used in N. America - lower Carboniferous in other places widespread epicontinental seas uplift again in Appalachian area (Baltica) Antler Orogeny continued from Devonian - more island arcs Texas, Oklahoma, Alabama - Africa and S. America approaching

PENNSYLVANIAN: 

PENNSYLVANIAN Alleghenian Orogeny - continued uplift of Appalachian area

PENNSYLVANIAN: 

PENNSYLVANIAN Alleghenian Orogeny - continued uplift of Appalachian area Ouachita Orogeny - syncline in Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas - collision produced mountains in Pennsylvanian

PENNSYLVANIAN: 

PENNSYLVANIAN Alleghenian Orogeny - continued uplift of Appalachian area Ouachita Orogeny - syncline in Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas - collision produced mountains in Pennsylvanian deltas and coal swamps in eastern North America and Europe

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION sand, mud, etc. from Appalachian and Ouachita Mountains

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION sand, mud, etc. from Appalachian and Ouachita Mountains numerous small oscillations in sea level

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION sand, mud, etc. from Appalachian and Ouachita Mountains numerous small oscillations in sea level coal formed from accumulated vegetation in lagoons and coastal swamps - similar to present day Dismal Swamp (VA, NC) or backwaters in LA

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION sand, mud, etc. from Appalachian and Ouachita Mountains numerous small oscillations in sea level coal formed from accumulated vegetation in lagoons and coastal swamps - similar to present day Dismal Swamp (VA, NC) or backwaters in LA produced coal fields in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Illinois, etc. and Europe

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION forests covered swampy land - vegetation died, sometimes killed by flooding

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION forests covered swampy land plants covered with water and sediment - low oxygen - protected from decomposition

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION forests covered swampy land plants covered with water and sediment - low oxygen - protected from decomposition carbonization or distillation - leaves carbon

COAL DEPOSITION: 

COAL DEPOSITION forests covered swampy land plants covered with water and sediment - low oxygen - protected from decomposition carbonization or distillation - leaves carbon (plant peat lignite bituminous anthracite)

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA: 

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA in South America at least 10 glacial episodes (up to 17 episodes)

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA: 

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA in South America at least 10 glacial episodes (up to 17 episodes) slow movement of Gondwana over South Pole

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA: 

GLACIATION IN GONDWANA in South America at least 10 glacial episodes (up to 17 episodes) slow movement of Gondwana over South Pole Africa - Late Devonian and Carboniferous South America - Mississippian - Permian Australia - Permian

CORDILLERA: 

CORDILLERA western North America eastward moving island arcs collide

CORDILLERA: 

CORDILLERA western North America eastward moving island arcs collide Mississippian - Antler Orogeny Permian and later - Sonoma Orogeny

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