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Albert Einstein By: Brandon G D.O.B March 14, 1879 kingdom of Württemberg, German empire D.O.D April 18,1955 Princeton, N ew Jersey, United S tates

Early life and education:

Early life and education Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire on 14 March 1879. The name of his father was Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer. His mother was Pauline Einstein . In 1880, the family moved to Munich, where his father and his uncle founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie , a company that manufactured electrical equipment based on direct current. The Einstein's were non-observant Jews. Albert attended a Catholic Elementary School from the age of five for three years. Later, at the age of eight, Einstein was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium where he received advanced primary and secondary school education until he left Germany seven years later. As he got older, Einstein built models and mechanical devices for fun and began to show a talent for mathematics. His father gave him the inspiration when he first showed him a pocket compass. 1894, his father's company failed: direct current (DC) lost the War of Currents to alternating current (AC). In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, first to Milan and then, a few months later, to Pavia. At the time the family moved to Pavia, Einstein stayed in Munich to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gymnasium. His father intended for him to pursue electrical engineering, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the school's regimen and teaching method. He later wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought were lost in strict rote learning. In the end of December 1894 he travelled to Italy to rejoin his family in Pavia, convincing the school to let him go by using a doctor's note. It was during his time in Italy that Einstein wrote a short essay with the title " On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field." In late summer 1895, at the age of sixteen, Einstein came to the entrance examinations for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zurich. He failed to reach the required standard in several subjects, but received exceptional grades in physics and mathematics. On the advice of the Principal of the Polytechnic, he attended the Aargau Cantonal School in Aarau, Switzerland, in 1895-96 to complete his secondary schooling. While lodging with the family of Professor Jost Winteler, he fell in love with Winteler's daughter, Marie. In January 1896, with his father's approval, he renounced his citizenship in the German Kingdom of Württemberg to avoid military service ] In September 1896 he passed the Swiss Matura with mostly good grades obtaining a maximum grade 6 in physics and mathematical subjects, on a scale 1-6, and though still only seventeen he attended in the four year mathematics and physics teaching diploma program at the Zurich Polytechnic. Marie Winteler moved to Olsberg, Switzerland for a teaching post.

The most important theory:

The most important theory One of Albert Einstein most important invention was his theory of E=mc2 . In physics , mass–energy equivalence (e=mc2) is the concept that the mass of a body is a measure of its energy content. In this theory, mass is a property of all energy, and energy is a property of all mass, and the two properties are connected by a constant. This means that the total internal energy E of a body at rest is equal to the product of its rest mass m and a suitable conversion factor to transform from units of mass to units of energy. Albert Einstein proposed mass–energy equivalence in 1905 in one of his Annus Mirabilis papers entitled "Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy-content?"

Special information:

Special information In early 1902, Einstein and Mileva Marić had a daughter they named Lieserl in their correspondence, who was born in Novi Sad where Marić's parents lived. Lieserl full name is not known, and her future is uncertain after 1903. In the January of 1903 Einstein and Marić got married. In May 1904, Einstein and Maric son, Hans Albert Einstein, was born in Bern, Switzerland. Their second son, Eduard, was born in Zurich in July 1910. Then in 1914, Einstein moved to Berlin, while his wife remained in Zurich with their sons. Marić and Einstein divorced on 14, February of 1919, having lived apart for five years. Einstein had married Elsa Löwenthal on the second of June of 1919, after having had a relationship with her since 1912. She was his first cousin maternally and his second cousin paternally. In 1933, both of them immigrated permanently to the United States. In 1935, Elsa Einstein was diagnosed with heart and kidney problems and died in December 1936. Einstein also did have a love not for just mathematics or physics but he loved music also. But at a early age he fell in love with music his mom played the piano but wanted him to the violin. He fell in love when he turned thirteen he discovered the violin sonatas of Mozart. He started to practice but by himself he said almost practicing systematically. Saying that practicing with love is better than practicing with the sense of duty.

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