Bible Study – Mark 3:16

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St. PeterMk. 3:16 : 

St. PeterMk. 3:16 Prince of the Apostles Copyrighted material that appears in this article is included under the provisions of the Fair Use Clause of the National Copyright Act, which allows limited reproduction of copyrighted materials for educational and religious use when no financial charge is made for viewing.

Leader of the Twelve : 

Leader of the Twelve Peter was one of Jesus’ twelve disciples. Originally he was Called Simon. Peter was also a Galilean fisherman (Mark 1:16; Luke 5:2; John 21:3), He was the son of John (Matt. 16:17; John 1:42; 21:15-17) and brother of Andrew.

Bethsaida : 

Bethsaida According to the tradition preserved in John 1:35-43, the brothers, Peter and Andrew, came from the village of Bethsaida (John 1:44). Andrew had been a disciple of John the Baptist before introducing his brother Simon to Jesus (Jn. 1:40-42).

The Rock : 

The Rock We know that Peter was married (Mark 1:29-31; 1 Cor. 9:5). He is said to have owned a house in Capernaum (Mark 1:29). The name ‘Peter’ is the Greek word for ‘rock’ (petra) and translates into an Aramaic nickname (Cepha’) which also means ‘rock.’ The Greek rendering of the Aramaic name, Cephas

Follow Me : 

Follow Me Jesus’ first words to Simon Peter were “Follow me” (Mt. 4:19). His last words to him were “Follow me” (John 21:22). Every step of the way between those two challenges, Peter never failed to follow—even though he often stumbled. When Jesus entered Peter’s life, this plain fisherman became a new person with new goals and new priorities. He did not become a perfect person, however, and he never stopped being Simon Peter.

Why Peter? Why You? : 

Why Peter? Why You? We may wonder what Jesus saw in Simon that made him greet this potential disciple with a new name: Peter—the “rock.” Peter was impulsive and certainly didn’t act like a rock much of the time. When Jesus chose his followers, he wasn’t looking for perfect people He was looking for real people. He chose people who could be changed by his love, and then He sent them out to tell all that God’s acceptance is available to anyone—even to those who often fail.

The Foundation Stone : 

The Foundation Stone Peter’s rise to leadership among Jesus’ disciples is seen clearly in the story found in Matt. 16:18-19 Mt. 16:18 And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Peter the “Rock,” may be a reference to Solomon, who built the Temple, the house of God, on a large foundation stone (cf. Isa. 28:16). Isa. 28:16 therefore thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I am laying in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation

Peter’s Calling : 

Peter’s Calling All of the Gospels place Peter among the first disciples to be called, frequently along with his brother Andrew and the sons of Zebedee. When summoned to change his life and become a ‘fisher of men,’ Peter and his companions left everything in order to follow Jesus. Peter’s possessions were always at Jesus’ disposal. Jesus stayed at Peter’s house at Capernaum, where He healed Peter’s mother-in-law (Mark 1:29-31; Matt. 8:14-15; Luke 4:38-39). He used Peter’s boat as a place from which to speak to the crowd (Luke 5:1-3). Matthew’s Gospel 14:28-33 tells a story of Peter’s attempt to walk on water This story is also seen as an instruction to the church that it must learn to have faith in Jesus’ power during its own ‘troubled times.

Role as Leading Disciple : 

Role as Leading Disciple Peter is credited with being a leader among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry. Frequently, he was their spokesman and His name always occurs first in a list of the disciples (Mk 3:16; Lk 16:14; Mt. 10:2; in Matthew ‘first’ is added to Peter’s name). Along with James and John, he is singled out for the special revelations of Jesus’ divinity during the healing of Jairus’ daughter (Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51) and the transfiguration (Mark 9:2; Matt. 17:1; Luke 9:28).

Peter is singled out as a spokesman for the disciples in three ways: : 

Peter is singled out as a spokesman for the disciples in three ways: First, he is credited with special insight into Jesus’ identity as God’s Messiah Mark 8:29; Luke 9:20; Matt. 16:16-17; in Matthew Jesus responds with a beatitude proclaiming that Peter’s insight is a revelation of God). Second, he voices views that represent opinions of ‘the world,’ views that are rejected, as in his opposition to Jesus’ prediction that it is his messianic role to suffer and die. Mark 8:31-33; Matt. 16:22-23; Luke omits the story of Jesus rebuke of Peter, which is in keeping with his policy of omitting episodes that place Jesus’ disciples in an unfavorable light.

Slide 11: 

Finally, Peter requests information, as in the question to Jesus about the reward for those who have ‘left all’ to follow Him (Mark 10:28; Matt. 19:27; Luke 18:28). Peter’s role as spokesman is expanded in the special material drawn from Matthew’s information about Peter in his Gospel. Matthew shows Peter as the ‘Christian rabbi,’ who will interpret the teachings of Jesus. Matthew shows Peter as the one who asks questions of clarification while the rest of the disciples listen. Compare Matt. 15:15; in Mark 7:17, Jesus explains in a parable that “all things are clean” In Matthew 15:15 it says, “Then Peter said to him in reply, “Explain (this) parable to us.” On the other hand the gospel of St. Mark 7:17 says, “When he got home away from the crowd His disciples questioned Him about the parable.

Special Attention : 

Special Attention In Acts 10:9-16 God reveals to Peter in a heavenly vision that ‘all things are clean’ and thus paves the way for Peter to baptize Cornelius the first Gentile covert. Again Peter is singled out by Jesus in the issue of paying the Temple tax (Matt. 17:24-27). Jesus provides a solution that pays the Temple tax for both He and Peter, no one else.

Forgiveness of Sin : 

Forgiveness of Sin Peter also receives special instruction on forgiveness within the Christian community (Mt. 18:21-22). “Lord, if my brother sins against me, how often must I forgive him?” Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven.

Peter The Humble Disciple : 

Peter The Humble Disciple Peter, acting as a ‘humble disciple,’ misunderstands the gesture of foot washing (John 13:1-10) and he asks for information about the meaning of what Jesus has done.

Last Supper : 

Last Supper At the Last Supper, Peter is also the one who asks about the identity of Jesus’ betrayer (Jn 13:24-25).

All the Gospels : 

All the Gospels All the Gospels agree that Peter had promised that he would follow Jesus even to death, only to be answered with Jesus’ prophecy that he would in fact deny him (Mark 14:29-31; Luke 22:33-34; Matt. 26:33-35; John 13:37-38).

Jesus Prays for Peter : 

Jesus Prays for Peter Lk 22:31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail Again in John 21:15-17 we see Jesus ask Peter if he loves Him three times, just as Peter has denied Jesus three times. Jesus identifies Peter’s leadership among the disciples in the post-Easter church when Jesus makes Peter the shepherd of the flock, “Feed my lambs.” (Jn. 21:16) “Tend my sheep.” (Jn. 21:16) “Feed my sheep.” (Jn. 21:17)

St. Paul Also Shows Peter as the Leader. : 

St. Paul Also Shows Peter as the Leader. 3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. - (1 Corinthians 15:3-5)

Again, Paul Recognizes Peter as the Leader : 

Again, Paul Recognizes Peter as the Leader Gal. 1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas, and remained with him fifteen days. 19 But I saw none of the other apostles except James the Lord’s brother.

As The Church Grows So Does Peter’s Leadership Role : 

As The Church Grows So Does Peter’s Leadership Role In Acts 15:5 when the issue of circumcision of new believers arose it was settled when Peter arose and made the decision that circumcision was unnecessary. His decision was immediately accepted. As the church grows it become clear from the Acts of the Apostles that Peter is the leader.

Peter was Martyred in Rome 64 A.D. : 

Peter was Martyred in Rome 64 A.D. The faith was growing rapidly in Rome. You will recall that Roman Emperors considered themselves to be gods. Peter was asked to leave Rome for a time but he refused and was crucified upside down died during Nero’s persecutions.

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