Grammar Book for Espanol Tres

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Grammar Book for Español Tres:

Grammar Book for Español Tres Por : Roxana Brown

Table of Contents:

Table of Contents Imperfect Preterite por y para stressed possessive adjectives and pronouns Ud . + Uds . Commands present subjunctive subjunctive with verbs of will and influence Subjunctive w/verbs of emotion/ Verbs of doubt, disbelief and denial

El Imperfecto:

El Imperfecto Pronombre AR ER IR Yo Aba Ía Ía Tu Abas Ías Ías El/Ella/Usted Aba Ía Ía Nosotros Abamos Íamos Íamos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Aban Ían ibían

Preterit in your face (cucarachas, snakeys, and spock verbs):

Preterit in your face (cucarachas, snakeys, and spock verbs) Hacer Dar Ver Ir Ser Hice Di Vi Fui fui Hiciste Diste Viste Fuiste Fuiste Hizo Dio Vio Fue Fue Hicimos Dimos Vimos Fuimos Fuimos hicieron dieron vieron fueron fueron Andar Anduv Estar Estuv Poder Pud Poner Pus Querer Quis Saber Sup Tener Tuv Venir Vin Decir Dij Traer Traj Conducir Conduj Producir Produj Traducir Traduj AR ER/IR Yo E I Tu Aste Iste El/Ella/Usted/ Una Cosa O Io Nosotros Amos Imos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Aron Ieron Creer Creí Creíste Creyó Creímos Creyeron Destruir Destruí Destruíste Drestruyó Destruímos Destruyeron Construir Construí Construíste Construyó Construímos construyeron

Por y Para:

Por y Para When giving an exact time, de is used instead of por before la manana , la tarde , and la noche Often, por and para can be used in a sentence. The meaning of the sentence changes, depending in which one is used.


Por Motion or a general location (around, through, along, by) Duration of an action (for, during, in) Object of a search (for, in search of) Means by which something is done (by, by way of, by means of) Exchange or substitution (for, in exchange for) Unit of measure (per, by) Used in several idiomatic expressions por aqui ( around here) por ejemplo


Para Destination (towards, in the direction of) Deadline or a specific time in the future (by, for) Purpose or goal +[infinitive] (in order to) Purpose + [noun or verb] (for, used for) The recipeint of something (for) Comparisons or opinions (for, considering) Employment (for) Can mean: 1) “in order to” when followed by an infinitive 2) “by” or “for” when referring to a specific time

Stressed possessive adjectives:

Stressed possessive adjectives Must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify Placed after the nouns they modify

Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns:

Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Masculine Feminine English Mío Mía My Tuyo Tuya Your Suyo Suya Your/his/hers Nuestros Nuestra Our suyo suya Your/their

Possessive adjectives and pronouns (Cont.):

Possessive adjectives and pronouns (Cont.) Mi (s) Nuestro (a/ os /as) Tu (s) Vuestro (a/ os /as) Su(s) Su(s) Short Form Long Form: Singular: Mio, tuyo , suyo , nuestro , vuestro , suyo Plural: mios , tuyos , suyos , nuestros , vuestros

Affirmative and Negative Commands:

Affirmative and Negative Commands Nosotros : make same as usted / ustedes Irreg : di, haz , ve , pon , sal , se, ten, ven (TVDISHES)

Affirmative Commands:

Affirmative Commands DOP+IOP+ “se” can attach to an affirmative Tu commands: simply drop the ‘s’ Usted / Ustedes : put it in ‘ yo ’ form and change to the opposite vowel Los irregulares : di, haz , ve , pon , sal , se, ten, ven (TVDISHES)

Negative Commands:

Negative Commands Tu - put it in ‘ yo ’ form and change to opposite vowel and add ‘s’ Usted / ustedes : put it in ‘ yo ’ form and change to opposite vowel Los irregulares : di, haz , ve , pon , sal , se, ten, ven (TVDISHES)

Verbs of will and influence :

Verbs of will and influence Aconsejar : to advise Importar : to be important; to matter Insistir (en): to insist(on) Mandar : to order Prohibir : to prohibit Recomendar (e- ie ): to recommend Rogar (o- ue ): to beg, to plead Sugerir ( i-ie ): to suggest


Subjunctive Change ending to opposite vowel

Impersonal Expressions:

Impersonal Expressions Es bueno que … Es mejor que … Es malo que … Es importante que … Es necesario que … Es urgente que …

Verbs and Expressions of Emotion:

Verbs and Expressions of Emotion Alegarse (de) To be happy Esperar To hope, to wish Sentir (e> ie ) To be sorry, to regret Soprender To surprise Temer To be afraid, to fear Es triste It’s sad Ojala que I hope (that), I wish (that)

Expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial:

Expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial Dudar To doubt Negar (e> ie ) To deny Es imposible It’s impossible Es improbable It’s improbable No es cierto It’s not true, it’s not certain No es seguro It’s no certain No es verdad It’s not true

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