# Types of problems and problems solving strategies

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### Types of problems and problems solving strategies:

Types of problems and problems solving strategies Ramtayo Zingkhai Career counselor

### What is a Problem?:

What is a Problem? “ A doubtful or difficult matter requiring a solution ” and “ Something hard to understand or accomplish or deal with.” Problems solving is the application of ideas, skills, or factual information to achieve the solution to a problem or to reach a desired outcome.

### Types of problems:

Types of problems Well-defined problem: is one that has a clear goal or solution and problem solving strategies are easily developed . Examples: - quiz Mahatma Gandhi 1947 1 st prime minister of India

### Cont..:

Cont.. Poorly-defined problems: is one that is unclear, abstract or confusing and that does not have a clear problem solving strategy. Think about the past? Bring some things? Be sure to wash your hand?

### Another types of problems:

Another types of problems Routine problem: is one that is typical and has a simple solution. Subtraction/addition Daily chores

### Cont..:

Cont.. Non-routine problem: is more abstract or subjective and requires a strategy to solve . Protest Sudden illness

### Problems solving strategies:

Problems solving strategies Algorithms: are step by step strategies or processes for how to solve a problem or achieve a goal. Example Solving a math's solution, car engine

### Cont..:

Cont.. Heuristics : are general strategies used to make quick short-cut solutions to problems that sometimes lead to solutions, but sometimes lead to errors. Example – Mall Buy mental short-cuts/formed by past experience ( heurestics are common problem solving strategy for every day life types of problems and usually they lead to good decisions but they can sometimes lead to mistakes )

### Cont…:

Cont … Graphic representation: are visual based illustrations of a problem that lead to clarification of a problem or creative solutions. Example – Flowchart Diagrams Mind maps.

### Cont.…:

Cont.… The IDEAL strategy: includes five steps, each corresponding to one letter. I-identify D-define E-explore (graphic representation, heuristics, algorethms ) A-anticipate/action. L-look/learn

### In summery:

In summery Problem solving is the application of ideas, skills, or factual information to achieve a solution to the problem or to reach a desired outcome.