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Reilourd’s Report

Attempts at Winning Filipino Loyalty:

Attempts at Winning Filipino Loyalty Japanese tried to erase all traces of American influence in the life of the people in order to gain their support in prosecuting the war against the United States.The Japanese government in the country undertook an intensive propaganda campaign to achieve its goals.

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* They use Japanese controlled mass media to highlight the values, virtues and culture of the Japanese people. *They depicted themselves as the real allies of the Filipinos. *They made the teaching of Niponggo compulsory in all schools.

*Japanese Catholic Priests were also invited to the Philippines and were utilized by the authorities to persuade the people that Japan was an ally of the Filipinos. *They exploited the nationalistic sentiment of the Filipinos, so the Japanese Authorities promise the independence which they are longing for.:

*Japanese Catholic Priests were also invited to the Philippines and were utilized by the authorities to persuade the people that Japan was an ally of the Filipinos. *They exploited the nationalistic sentiment of the Filipinos, so the Japanese Authorities promise the independence which they are longing for.

Samahang Magkakapit-Bahay -established in Japanese Occupied towns and cities - formed to facilitate the distribution of prime commodities among the people. -became a spy network as members of this association were required to report to authorities new residents in the area and observe the activities of their neighbors.:

Samahang Magkakapit-Bahay -established in Japanese Occupied towns and cities - formed to facilitate the distribution of prime commodities among the people. -became a spy network as members of this association were required to report to authorities new residents in the area and observe the activities of their neighbors.

KALIBAPI (Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas) - established by the virtue of Executive Order No. 109 ISSUED BY Jorge Vargas. Jorge Vargas- ex-officio president Benigno S. Aquino- vice president and director general. :

KALIBAPI ( Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas ) - established by the virtue of Executive Order No. 109 ISSUED BY Jorge Vargas. Jorge Vargas- ex-officio president Benigno S. Aquino- vice president and director general.

PRINCIPAL GOALS OF KALIBAPI *unification of the Filipinos. *invigorate Filipinos notable Oriental values. * they wanted to utilize KALIBAPI in winning the goodwill and cooperation of Filipino people.:

PRINCIPAL GOALS OF KALIBAPI *unification of the Filipinos. *invigorate Filipinos notable Oriental values. * they wanted to utilize KALIBAPI in winning the goodwill and cooperation of Filipino people.

Two basic reason why Japanese didn’t win the Filipino Loyalty 1. The US had already assured the Filipino people that it would grant them independence as soon as a stable government had been established in the country. 2. Cruelty experienced the Filipinos from Japanese colonizers. :

Two basic reason why Japanese didn’t win the Filipino Loyalty 1. The US had already assured the Filipino people that it would grant them independence as soon as a stable government had been established in the country. 2. Cruelty experienced the Filipinos from Japanese colonizers.

Japan’s promise of independence:

Japan’s promise of independence

To persuade the Filipinos to become an ally of Japan, Premier Hideki Tojo promised the granting of Philippine Independence on the condition that they manifest concrete evidence of cooperation with the Japanese Colonizers. The promise was reiterated on May,1943.:

To persuade the Filipinos to become an ally of Japan, Premier Hideki Tojo promised the granting of Philippine Independence on the condition that they manifest concrete evidence of cooperation with the Japanese Colonizers. The promise was reiterated on May,1943.

Premier Hideki Tojo:

Premier Hideki Tojo

In preparation for independence, the Japanese Military Administration in the country decreed the formation of a Preparatory Comission for Philippine Independence in June,1942. The principal task of this comission was that of drafting a constitution for an independent Philippines.:

In preparation for independence, the Japanese Military Administration in the country decreed the formation of a Preparatory Comission for Philippine Independence in June,1942. The principal task of this comission was that of drafting a constitution for an independent Philippines.

The commission was composed of::

The commission was composed of: Jose P. Laurel Ramon Avaceña Benigno S. Aquino Chairman Member Member

September 4, 1943- the proposed constitution was signed by the members of THE Commission September 7,1943- the approved charter was ratified. After ratification of the Japanese Constitution, KALIBAPI elected members of the national assembly September 23,1943- inaugural session was held:

September 4, 1943- the proposed constitution was signed by the members of THE Commission September 7,1943- the approved charter was ratified. After ratification of the Japanese Constitution, KALIBAPI elected members of the national assembly September 23,1943- inaugural session was held

The leaders of the National Assembly:

The leaders of the National Assembly Jose P. Laurel Benigno S. Aquino President of the Philippine Republic Speakers of the National Assembly

The second Philippine Republic:

The second Philippine Republic

This was inaugurated on October 14, 1943, the exact date when Japan proclaimed the independence of the Philippines , with Jose P. Laurel as the President.The Philippine Executive Commission was abolished when this was inaugurated. The Japanese Military Administration was ended as a result of this Republic.:

This was inaugurated on October 14, 1943, the exact date when Japan proclaimed the independence of the Philippines , with Jose P. Laurel as the President .The Philippine Executive Commission was abolished when this was inaugurated. The Japanese Military Administration was ended as a result of this Republic.

The Second Philippine Republic was recognized by Japan, Italy and Germany. The US and other allied countries refused to acknowledge the newly established Republic. For them, Commonwealth government under Quezon’s leadership was the only Legitimate government of the land and considered the newly- established one as the pupet government.:

The Second Philippine Republic was recognized by Japan, Italy and Germany. The US and other allied countries refused to acknowledge the newly established Republic. For them, Commonwealth government under Quezon’s leadership was the only Legitimate government of the land and considered the newly- established one as the pupet government.

Life during the japanese era:

Life during the japanese era

Life was difficult for the majority of the Filipinos during the Japanese Era because: 1. there was a food shortage, because farmers were forced to leave their farmland to escape Japanese brutalities. 2.Life was very precarious especially in areas where there were guerillas:

Life was difficult for the majority of the Filipinos during the Japanese Era because: 1. there was a food shortage, because farmers were forced to leave their farmland to escape Japanese brutalities. 2.Life was very precarious especially in areas where there were guerillas

3. An atmosphere of fear and anxiety was so prevalent. 4. Presence of spies and collaborators. 5. Filipinos were not able to escape the brutality and lust for sex of the Japanese Soldiers.:

3. An atmosphere of fear and anxiety was so prevalent. 4. Presence of spies and collaborators. 5. Filipinos were not able to escape the brutality and lust for sex of the Japanese Soldiers.

Resistance against the japanese after the fall of bataan and corregidor:

Resistance against the japanese after the fall of bataan and corregidor

The fall of Bataan and Corregidor in 1942 led to the collapse of organized resistance to Japanese invasion. Many Filipinos fled to the mountains and organized underground resistance.:

The fall of Bataan and Corregidor in 1942 led to the collapse of organized resistance to Japanese invasion. Many Filipinos fled to the mountains and organized underground resistance.

Walter Cushing -Headed the guerilla band that killed five hundred Japanese Soldiers before he was killed on September 19 -the guerilla movements were estimated to have 260,000 men and even more supporters.:

Walter Cushing -Headed the guerilla band that killed five hundred Japanese Soldiers before he was killed on September 19 -the guerilla movements were estimated to have 260,000 men and even more supporters.

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Walter Cushing

Notable Guerilla Leaders:

Notable Guerilla Leaders

On march 29,1942, the Communists and Socialists organized the People’s Anti-Japanese Army (HUKBALAHAP), which had 30,00 guerilla fighters led by Luis Taruc and Castro Alejandrino with thousands supporters north of Manila. :

On march 29,1942, the Communists and Socialists organized the People’s Anti-Japanese Army (HUKBALAHAP), which had 30,00 guerilla fighters led by Luis Taruc and Castro Alejandrino with thousands supporters north of Manila.

HUKBALAHAP -fough 2 thousand encounters and killed 20,000 Japanese troop. - In addition to ambushing the Japanese, the resistance movements sent intelligence reports to McArthur in Australia about Japanese troop movements and ships. -They also killed Filipinos who spied for the Japanese.:

HUKBALAHAP - fough 2 thousand encounters and killed 20,000 Japanese troop. - In addition to ambushing the Japanese, the resistance movements sent intelligence reports to McArthur in Australia about Japanese troop movements and ships. -They also killed Filipinos who spied for the Japanese.

http://pinas.dlsu.edu.ph/history/history.html Philippine History And Government www.google.com.ph Special thanks to: Mr.Jed Madela:

http://pinas.dlsu.edu.ph/history/history.html Philippine History And Government www.google.com.ph Special thanks to: Mr.Jed Madela

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Thank You!