The ABC of London

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Т he ABC of London Автор: Сосова Анна, ученица 9б класса Руководитель: Редкокаша Н.Л., учитель иностранных языков МОУ Калманская СОШ с.Калманка, 2010 г.

A – the Albert Memorial:

A – the Albert Memorial is situated in Kensington Gardens, directly to the north of the Royal Albert Hall. It was commissioned by Queen Victoria in memory of her beloved husband, Prince Albert who died of typhoid in 1861.

B – Big Ben:

B – Big Ben The Clock Tower called “Big Ben” is known the world over. The name Big Ben actually refers not to the clock-tower itself, but to the thirteen ton bell hung within.

B – the British Museum:

B – the British Museum is a museum of human history and culture. Its collections are amongst the largest in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.

B – Buckingham Palace:

B – Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality.

C – Charing Cross:

C – Charing Cross The name of the place comes from the time of Edward I, who in 1291 built a stone at the village of Charin in memory of his deceased wife, Eleanor, who was buried there.

C – Covent Garden:

C – Covent Garden is a district in London. It is mainly associated with the former fruit and vegetable market located in the central square and the Royal Opera House, which is also known as “Covent Garden”.

D – 10 Downing Street:

D – 10 Downing Street colloquially known in the UK as “Number 10”, is the official residence and office of the Prime Minister. Number 10 Downing Street is one of the most famous addresses in the UK and the world.

E – Eye of London:

E – Eye of London is a 135-metre tall observation wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames. It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the UK.

F – Fleet Street:

F – Fleet Street is a street, named after the River Fleet. It was the home of the British press until the 1980s. Now it continues to be used as a metonym for the British national press.

G – the Globe Theatre:

G – the Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613. A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642.

G – the Green Park:

G – the Green Park is one of the Royal Parks of London. Covering 19 hectares it lies between London’s Hyde Park and St. James’s Park. The park consists entirely of wooded meadows.

H – Houses of Parliament:

H – Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, is the meeting place of the two houses of the Parliament of the UK - the House of Lords and the House of Commons. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames.

H – Hyde Park:

H – Hyde Park originally a royal hunting forest, is the largest park in London. The park is contiguous with Kensington Gardens. Hyde Park covers 142 hectares.

I – Imperial War Museum:

I – Imperial War Museum was founded during the First World War in 1917 and intended as a record of the war effort and sacrifice of Britain and her Empire.

K – Kensington Gardens:

K – Kensington Gardens is one of the Royal Parks of London, lying immediately to the west of Hyde Park. The park covers an area of 111 hectares. Children gather here by the statue of Peter Pen, James Barrie’s well-know storybook character.

K – Kensington Palace:

K – Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.

L – London Bridge:

L – London Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames, connecting the City of London and Southwark , in central London. It was the only bridge over the Thames downstream from Kingston until Putney Bridge opened in 1729.

M – Madame Tussauds:

M – Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction. It is famous for recreating famous people, or celebrities, in wax. It is the original Madame Tussauds attraction, having been situated on Marylebone Road since 1884.

M – the Marble Arch:

M – the Marble Arch was originally planned as a monument to Nelson and was to be the main entrance to Buckingham Palace . It is a white Carrara-marble monument almost directly opposite Speakers’ Corner in Hyde Park.

N – the National Gallery:

N – the National Gallery contains one of the finest collections of pictures in the world. It was founded in 1824 and houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square.

N – the Natural History Museum:

N – the Natural History Museum is home to life and earth science specimens comprising some 70 million items within five main collections: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Paleontology and Zoology.

N – Nelson’s Column:

N – Nelson’s Column is a tall column with the figure of Nelson at its top. The column is guarded by four bronze lions. It is a monument in Trafalgar Square built to commemorate the death of Admiral Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

O – Oxford Street:

O – Oxford Street is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster in the West End. There are 548 shops in Oxford Street; it is Europe’s busiest shopping street, as well as the most dense.

P – Piccadilly Circus:

P – Piccadilly Circus is a famous road junction and public space of London’s West End in the City of Westminster, built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of Piccadilly.

P – Poet’s Corner:

P – Poet’s Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey because of the number of poets, playwrights, and writers buried and commemorated there.

Q – Queen Victoria Memorial:

Q – Queen Victoria Memorial is a sculpture in front of Buckingham Palace. It was completed in 1911. It has a large statue of Queen Victoria and bronze statues of the Angel of Justice, the Angel of Truth and Charity.

R – Regent’s Park:

R – Regent’s Park is one of the Royal Parks of London. A trip along Regent’s Canal in a waterbus gives a change to see London Little Venice. It contains Regent’s College and the London Zoo.

R – the Royal Albert Hall:

R – the Royal Albert Hall Since its opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world’s leading artists from every kind of performance genre have appeared on its stage.

S – Speaker’s Corner:

S – Speaker’s Corner is an area where open air public speaking, debate and discussion are allowed. The original and most noted is in the north-east corner of Hyde Park.

S – St. James Park:

S – St. James Park is a 23 hectare park in Westminster, the oldest of the Royal Parks of London. It is one of the most beautiful places in London. The best sight in the park is the lake; it is famous for its collection of water-birds.

S – St. Paul’s Cathedral:

S – St. Paul’s Cathedral is the greatest of English churches. It was built by the famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723). It with its huge dome and rows of columns is considered to be a fine specimen of Renaissance architecture.

T – the Tate Gallery:

T – the Tate Gallery was founded in 1897, as the National Gallery of British Art. When its role was changed to include the national collection of Modern Art as well as the national collection of British art, it was renamed the Tate Gallery after H.Tate , who had laid the foundations for the collection.

T – Tower Bridge:

T – Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge over the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name. It has become an iconic symbol of London.

T – the Tower of London:

T – the Tower of London is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames. It was founded by Julius Caesar and in1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal residence and a prison. Now it is a museum of amour and also the place where Crown Jewels are kept.

T – Trafalgar Square:

T – Trafalgar Square is a tourist attraction, and one of the most famous squares in the UK and the world. At its centre is Nelson's Column. The name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars.

V – Victoria and Albert Museum:

V – Victoria and Albert Museum is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects. Named after Prince Albert and Queen Victoria, it was founded in 1852.

W – Westminster Abby:

W – Westminster Abby is a large, mainly Gothic church, in Westminster. It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English, later British and later still (and currently) monarchs of the Commonwealth Realms.

Z – Zoo:

Z – Zoo is the world’s oldest scientific zoo. It was opened in London on April 27, 1828. Today it houses a collection of 755 species of animals, with 15,104 individuals, making it one of the largest collections in the UK.

Источники информации::

Источники информации: В.П.Кузовлев, Н.М.Лапа. Английский язык: Учебники для 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 классов.