2 Catalonia Powerpoint - Imma Garcia

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HUMAN RIGHTS Student’s Name School Year

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SES VALLBONA D’ANOIA SCHOOL The school was funded in 2008 as a necesity of schools in the area, because Capellades population was too big and there were not enough schools in it. Today in the school there are 280 students who came from different towns around Vallbona, like la Pobla de Claramunt, Mediona and Cabrera de Anoia. This school offers different programs that allow student to meet interesting people from other country, like the Comenius.

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Festivals and Traditions :

Festivals and Traditions Catalonia's unique cultural identity is manifested in a variety of festive activities that are particular to this autonomous region of Spain. Some occasions, such as Easter, Saint George's Day, and the night of Sant John on the summer solstice, take place all over Catalonia. Many other festivals are local. Each neighbourhood, town, or village has its patron saint and sets aside a day to honor him in a festa major . These festivals, almost always associated with food and drinks, music and presentations.


SARDANES Catalan folk. This traditional dance is characterized by its formation in a circle , symbolizing the unity among all the dancers . There are different types of sardanas, the short ( was the original) and the long that is more popular, and others sardanes that are unusual are Sardana de lluïment and sardana revessa . La sardana was popular in the 16th century , at the beginning the sardana was very popular in the Emporda Area . The music for the sardana is played by a band called cobla, this band has 10 wind instrument , a small drum and a double bass . As a relatively slow , non-performance dance, the sardana does not require special fitness . The dance circle can be opened to a highly variable number of dancers . When danced in the streets and town squares , small circles of dancers can be seen to form and grow : often passers-by join in, leaving their bags in the center of the circle . The dancers are alternate men and women , and care must be taken by those joining not to split partners . These are open circles , called rotllanes obertes . Another kind of circle may be formed by members of organised sardana clubs called colles , and each colla may wear its own costume .

Gegants (giants):

Gegants (giants) Gegants are the huge painted papier-maché figures, sometimes over 3 meters tall, with copious skirts hiding the performer inside. Gegants always appear in couples, often as king and queen, and are accompanied by nans or capgrossses , dancers with grotesque and occasionally lewd paper- maché heads, who act as attendants and jesters. GEGANTS AND CAPGROSSES


CORREFOC The Catalans love any excuse to have a correfoc, a riotous fiesta of sparklers, firecrackers, and roman candles, where colles de diables , or brigades of devils and dragons, dance threateningly to the strains of an accompanying percussion band as they weave through a startled and delighted public.


ROSER’S FESTIVITY (BALL DEL ROSER) Roser’s day is the most important festival in Vallbona d’ Anoia. It is divided in to parts, in the morning the act is more religious they former administrator give their position to each house new administrator in front of the new girl administrator with a beautiful flower called candleflower (cirio). After this the new couples go through town visiting all the houses in the antic part of Vallbona and finishing their journey at the town church. In the afternoon a big concert and a dance performed by coblas.


CASTELLERS FALCONS Another kind of human tower building is called the Falcon discipline named after a Czech tradition called " Sökol " which means falcon. Falcon structures were popular in Catalunya at the beginning of the 20th century, but then fell out of favour. In Barcelona a young group called the Barcelona Falcons has revived this tradtion of making falcon structures and they peformed first at the Saint Eulalia festivities in 2003. You can often see the Falcon castellers at Ca.talan festivals A castell (Catalan is a human tower built traditionally in festivals at many locations within Catalonia. At these festivals, several colles castelleres or teams often succeed in building and dismantling a tower's structure. castells were declared by UNESCO to be amongst the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.


SAINT GEORGE’S DAY Every 23 April, Barcelona is decked out with rose and book stalls for Saint Jordi 's Day (St George's Day). According to tradition, a rose should be given to one's beloved as a sign of love, although book giving has also become popular. The Rambla is the main artery of this festival, with its numerous stalls, the scent of roses and crowds of people in search of a book. According to the legend, Saint Jordi saved the Catalan village of Montblanc from a terrible dragon that was eating the town’s people.  It appears that Saint Jordi killed the dragon with a spear and the blood of the dragon produced a rose bush with beautiful red roses. Since then, Saint Jordi became the patron saint of Catalonia and it is customary to give a rose to loved ones. April 23 has also become the book day and since 1996, UNESCO declared this day as International Book Day.




FAMOUS CATALAN FOOD Cataluña has some of the most sophisticated regional Spanish cuisine, perhaps because of its location bordering France, as well as its Mediterranean coastline. Its location has helped bring many cultural influences from Romans and Arabs in ancient times, as well as from French and Italians in more recent times. Its people are fiercely independent and have their own regional language, Catalan . The typical feature of Catalonian cuisine is the combining of ingredients from the sea and the mountains - the so-called Mar i Muntanya dishes (sea and mountain). A characteristic example is shrimp with chicken. Sausage specialties are also typical, which are just as popular throughout Spain. Xoriço paprika salami (chorizo) - produced from the black Iberian Cerdo pig - is most often used as an ingredient in Catalonian dishes. Desserts are usually very sweet - and of course very tasty... Frequently used ingredients are almonds, tomatoes, onions, eggplants, peppers, rice, pork meat (occasionally beef), olives and olive oil, cherry, cherry vinegar, pepper, seafood, squid (or in Catalonian: calamari), prawns and all kinds of fish.

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Pan con Tomate is Tomato Bread. So simple, yet so delicious… Make it by cutting a fresh tomato in half and rubbing it on a slice of baguette, then drizzling olive oil on the top and finishing with a touch of salt. Eat it plain or top it with a slice of jamón Serrano or a piece of cheese or chorizo . Many prepare Pan con Tomate for breakfast. TOMATO BREAD Samfaina This is a sauce made from a mix of sautéed tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, also called aubergines. It is used in many different dishes, such as with cod fish– Bacalao con Samfaina . Samfaina is a traditional Catalan sauce. SAMFAINA Picada This is a very traditional Catalan sauce made from garlic, parsley, roasted almonds and pine nuts. It is used as a base for other sauces for both fish and meat. PICADA

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Garlic and olive oil Alioli is a simple sauce made from olive oil, egg yolks and lots of garlic! If you’ve ever made home-made mayonnaise, it might look familiar… because it is creamy mayonnaise with plenty of garlic added! ALIOLI The Catalan version of cocido or stew and is considered to be the quintessential Catalan dish and contains a very long list of ingredients from several kinds of beans, sausage, several meats, as well as vegetables. The escudella i carn d’olla has two courses, like the cocido madrileno . The first is a thin noodle and rice soup and the second is meat and vegetables. Escudella i carn d’olla Habas a la Catalana This dish is made with habas or broad beans, which are very popular in the region are prepared with herbs and spices, mint and butifarra sausage. HABAS A LA CATALANA

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Calçots: These baby leeks are very specific to Spring - traditional parties known as 'Calçotadas' take place during this period. The vegetables are normally barbecued and served with Romesco Sauce CALÇOTS Escalivada: A warm side dish of grilled vegetables (normally aubergines, red peppers, onions and tomatoes) skinned and de-seeded and served with oil. ESCALIVADA Butifarra: An uncured spiced sausage with similarities to Cumberland sausage. Used both in cooking and as a tapa with 'pa amb tomaquet' BUTIFARRA

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Crema Catalana: Similar to the French Crème Brulée. It is made with sugar, egg yolks and cinnamon and burnt on the top. CREMA CATALANA MEL I MATÓ PANELLETS Mel I Mató : A soft, unsalted goats cheese served with honey and sometimes walnuts. Panellets : Small round sweets made with almonds, sugar, eggs and pine nuts. They can be rolled in any number of coatings, but the traditional ones are rolled in pine nuts.

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FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Catalan wine is wine made in the Spanish wine region of Catalonia . More rarely, the term may also be used to refer to some French wines made in the Catalan region of Roussillon , once joint with the southern territories that currently are part of Spain. The city of Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and the focal point of the Catalan wine industry, serving as its primary consumer market, an exporting coastal port and source of financial investment and resources. The area has a long winemaking tradition and was the birthplace of the sparkling wine Cava , invented in the early 1870s in Sant Sadurni d’ Anoia by Josep Raventos of Codorniu Winery. At the turn of the 20th century, the Catalan wine industry was at the forefront of Spain's emergence as a world leader in quality wine production, being the first Spanish wine region to adopt the use of stainless steel fermentation tanks. The area is also an important cork production region, with output aimed primarily at the region's Cava houses.


FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Catalonia's wine regions the Catalan wine region includes 9 Denominació d'Origen or Denominación de Origen (DO) and 1 Denominació d'Origen Qualificada (DOQ) region – the Priorat . The Catalunya DO is a generic appellation that covers the entire region for wines that do not fall under any other DO designation . Alella The Alella DO is located near the city of Barcelona and was awarded DO status in 1956. The area is known mainly for its white wine production which can range from oak aged sweet wine to cool fermented dry wines. The principal grape of the area is the Pansa Blanca, a local name for the Xarel·lo grape. There are some plantings of the international varieties Chardonnay and Chenin blanc , used in both still wine and Cava production . Conca de Barberà The Conca de Barberà DO is located between the Costers del Segre, Penedès and Tarragona DOs with vineyards at elevations of around 1,600 ft (490 m) above sea level. The climate of the region is marked by hot summer days, cool nights chilled by the nearby ocean breeze, and cold winters. The limestone based soils are planted with Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Pinot noir, which are used to make still wines as well as contribute to some Cava production. Rosé wines are produced from the local Trepat grape . Cabernet Sauvignon Costers del Segre The Costers del Segre DO is located near the city of Lleida along the Segre River. The landscape here is very arid with less than 15 inches (381.00 mm) of rainfall a year. There are extreme temperature variations throughout the year, with freezing cold winters and summertime highs in excess of 95 °F (35 °C). The river Ebre provides the irrigation vital to the viticulture of the area, which includes Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Macabeo , Merlot, Parellada , Pinot noir and Tempranillo plantations .


FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Empordà Main article: Empordà (DO) The Empordà DO is located in the far north-east of Catalonia, among the foothills of the Pyrenees which border the French province of Roussillon. The area has a similar Mediterranean climate to other Catalan wine regions, but is more heavily influenced by the strong winds off the Mediterranean that moderate the risk of frost and vine diseases . It was not enough to prevent the outbreak of the phylloxera epidemic of the 19th century, which nearly destroyed the entire Empordà wine industry, with many vineyards only being replanted as recently as the latter half of the 20th century and even early 21st. The principal grapes of the region are Garnatxa (Grenache) and Carinyena ( Carignane ), which are primarily used for red wines. [10] Montsant Main article: Montsant DO The Montsant DO was formed in 2001 in the area around Falset , Tarragona to distinguish itself from the wines of the greater Tarragona DO. This upland area is noted for its old Garnacha and Cariñena vines along steeply sloping vineyards. [11] Pla de Bages Main article: Pla de Bages The Pla de Bages DO is located northwest of Barcelona, growing many of the same varieties as the nearby Penedès region but with more emphasis on international varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. [12]


FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Tarragona The Tarragona DO is the Catalan wine region around the coastal city of Tarragona and has been a vital winemaking center of Catalan wines since the Roman times . For most of its history the region was known for its sweet fortified red wines made in a style similar to Port . In the 1960s, prior to winning DO status in 1976, the area began to shift its focus to dry white wines and the production of red sacramental wine used by the Christian Church for Communion . Terra Alta The Terra Alta DO is Catalunya's southernmost wine region and one of the most mountainous – terra alta literally translates as "highlands". It is located to the south of the Priorat DO and shares a similar winemaking history. Today the area is known for its Garnacha Blanca wines and its growing red wine production . Priorat Terraced hillside of Priorat The Priorat DOQ has been producing wine since the 12th century when Carthusian monks planted a vineyard and established a prior y from which the region took its name. The area is known for its Carinyena and Garnatxa based wines made from old, low yield vines that average 0.3 tons an acre (5 hl / ha ). The area has a very hot Mediterranean climate that allows the grape to ripen fully and produce wines with very high alcohol levels of up to 18%. The local Llicorella soil is of particularly poor quality, composed of quartz and slate , which also helps to limit yields. Vineyards are situated on steep terraces , largely unsuitable for mechanical harvesting . The Priorat still has marked monastic influences, with many top estates prefixing their vineyards with Clos in recognition of the region's early winemaking history, similar to the naming of many of Burgundy's grand crus .Despite the annual rainfall of the area being less than 16 inches (406 mm), irrigation is not widely used due to the cool, damp nature of the Llicorella soil. Grapevine roots are able to tunnel through faults in the slate to find underground water reserves .


FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Penedès Cava wines growing in the Penedès region. The Penedès is the largest and most productive wine region of Catalonia and is considered the birthplace of Cava. The region has a long winemaking history and due to its close proximately to Barcelona has always enjoyed a strong export market. In the 19th century it was one of the first Spanish wine regions to involve itself with large-scale commercial production of wine, mainly for export to post- phylloxera France . In the 1960s & 1970s, the Penedès region led the way in the Spanish wine industry's technological revolution, being the first wine region to adopt the use of temperature-controlled stainless steel fermentation tanks. The region also began to import more international varieties and better clonal vine selections of grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer , Merlot, Pinot noir, Riesling and Sauvignon blanc . The region is divided into three zones – the lowland Baix Penedès , the Penedès central which lies between coastal and inland mountain ranges, and the upland Penedès Superior or Alt Penedès . The warmer Baix Penedès , centered around the town of El Vendrell and extending to the Costa Daurada coastline, has long been known for its fortified wines made from Malvasia and Moscatell d'Alexandria ( Muscat of Alexandria ), but has a growing reputation for non-fortified reds made from Carinyena , Garnatxa and Monastrell . The Central Penedès is located in a broad valley about 1,600 ft (490 m) above sea level and centered around the regional capital of Vilafranca del Penedès , the largest winery there being Bodegas Torres . The nearby town of Sant Sadurní d'Anoia provides another focal point for the area, being the acknowledged center of Spanish Cava production. Traditionally made from the area's Macabeo , Parellada and Xarel·lo grapes, the increased use of Chardonnay and Pinot noir in Cava blends has seen a corresponding expansion in areas of the region dedicated to those grapes. The Central Penedès has also been increasing its red wine production based on Cabernet Sauvignon and the local strain of Tempranillo known as Ull de Llebre . The Penedès Superior is located in the foothills of the mountains enclosing the Central Depression and is the coolest part of the region, used almost exclusively for white wine production.


FAMOUS CATALAN DRINKS Cava aging. Main article: Cava (Spanish wine) A Spanish sparkling wine was first made as early as 1851, [4] although the roots of the Cava wine industry can be traced back to Josep Raventos ' travels through Europe in the 1860s, where he was promoting the still wines of his Codorníu winery. His visits to the Champagne region sparked an interest in the potential of a Spanish version, using the same sparkling wine production methods . The local Macabeu , Parellada and Xarel·lo have since become established as the most popular grapes for producing cava. Early versions were called champán or xampany after Champagne but this practice ended when the EU awarded Champagne Protected Geographical Status . Catalan winemakers adopted the name Cava after the Catalan word for cellar , where the wines were traditionally stored . 95 % of Spanish Cava production takes place in the Penedès region. In order for the wines to be called 'Cava', they must be made in the traditional méthode champenoise . Wines made via the low-cost Charmat process may only be called 'Spanish sparkling wine'. A rosé style of Cava is also produced in small quantities by adding still red wines from Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha or Monastrell to the wine. The first Cava to use the Chardonnay grape was produced in 1981. Catalan Cava producers pioneered a significant technological development in sparkling wine production with the invention of the gyropallet , a large mechanized device that replaced hand riddling , in which the lees are consolidated in the neck of the bottle prior to disgorgement and corking .



Famous athlete:

Famous athlete Pau Gasol i Sáez (born in Barcelona on July 6, 1980) is a Spanish professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He was born to Marisa Sáez and Agustí Gasol , and he spent his childhood in Spain. Gasol was drafted by the Atlanta Hawks in the 2001 NBA Draft, but his rights were traded to the Memphis Grizzlies, with whom he won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award. He currently holds the Memphis Grizzlies franchise records for career games played, minutes played, field goals made and attempted, free throws made and attempted, offensive, defensive, and total rebounds, blocked shots, turnovers, and points. [1] After seven seasons with the team, Gasol was traded to the Lakers on February 1, 2008. His younger brother, Marc Gasol , who was involved in that trade, is also a professional basketball player for the Memphis Grizzlies of the NBA. Literature Jacint Verdaguer The most important Catalan writer of the nineteenth century, Jacint Verdaguer (1845-1902), gave the language a definitive stimulus and has often been seen as an essential name in contemporary Catalan literature. He was born into a humble but enlightened family from Folgueroles, and studied at the seminary in Vic until his ordination as a priest. As a poet, he made his name thanks to the «Jocs Florals» and in 1877 his success reached a peak with the resounding triumph of L’Atlàntida , a mythological poem which was enthusiastically received in Catalonia and which, translated into twelve languages, enjoyed considerable prominence abroad.

Famous musician:

Famous musician José Carreras Josep Maria Carreras i Coll , better known as José Carreras, is a Spanish and Catalan tenor who is particularly known for his performances in the operas of Verdi and Puccini. Born : December 5, 1946 ( age 66), Barcelona Education : Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu Movies : Christmas in Vienna , The Making of West Side Story , Sissel : Northern Lights , More Music groups : The Three Tenors , Lluís Llach i Josep Carreras Awards : Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Performance Cinema Juan Antonio Bayona Juan Antonio Bayona is a Spanish film director. In addition to directing television commercials and music videos, Bayona is best known for directing his acclaimed horror film The Orphanage. Now his has been known around the world by his movie The Impossible that was a perfect view of what happened in Thailand. Born : 1975, Barcelona Movies : The Impossible , The Orphanage Awards : Goya Award for Best New Director Nominations : Goya Award for Best Film, More

Famous cuiner:

Famous cuiner Ferran Adrià i Acosta is a Spanish chef born on May 14, 1962 in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat . He was the head chef of the El Bulli restaurant in Roses on the Costa Brava, and is considered one of the best chefs in the world. May 14, 1962 (age 50), Barcelona Ferran Adria has been called the world's greatest chef. He is certainly one of the most creative. Gourmet magazine referred to Adria as "the Salvador Dali­ of the kitchen". His restaurant, El Bulli , was recently named best restaurant in the world by the prestigious Restaurant magazine. Without a doubt, Ferran Adria will hold a prominent place in culinary history. scientist Eduard Punset Casals ( Barcelona , Spain , November 9 of 1936 ), also named Eduardo Punset Casals, is a lawyer , writer , economist , and scientific popularizer Spanish that was itself politically in the transition to democracy in Spain as part of rows of UCD and later the CDS . Subsequently exercised his activity in the field of popular science and is the author of several books on the subject and collaborator in various media. Since 1996 the program runs Networks of TVE , which deals with various topics scientists , such as sociology , the medicine , the biology or astronomy , among others.

Famous artist:

Famous artist SALVADOR DALÍ (1904-1989) Dalí was born in Figueres , Catalunya . He was one of the most defining surrealist painters of the 20th century. He was also influenced by many styles of art from academically classic – through cubism – to cutting-edge avant garde . Beyond his brilliant paintings he was also involved in sculpture, film-making and photography. He worked together with the famous Spanish surrealist director Luis Buñuel too, making the short film Un Chien Andalou and later L’Âge d’Or . He also collaborated with Alfred Hitchkock , and worked on a Disney cartoon production called Destino . Architecture Antoni Gaudí i Cornet ( 25 June 1852–10 June 1926) was a Spanish Catalan architect and figurehead of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works reflect his highly individual and distinctive style and are largely concentrated in the Catalan capital of Barcelona, notably his magnum opus, the Sagrada Familia . Much of Gaudí's work was marked by his big passions in life: architecture, nature, religion . Gaudí studied every detail of his creations, integrating into his architecture a series of crafts in which he was skilled: ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork forging and carpentry. He introduced new techniques in the treatment of materials, such as trencadis , made of waste ceramic pieces . Gaudí’s work enjoys widespread international appeal and many studies are devoted to understanding his architecture. Today, his work finds admirers among architects and the general public alike. His masterpiece, the still-uncompleted Sagrada Família , is one of the most visited monuments in Spain.Between 1984 and 2005, seven of his works were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Gaudí’s Roman Catholic faith intensified during his life and religious images permeate his work. This earned him the nickname "God's Architect " [ and led to calls for his beatification .

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