deforestation

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DEFORESTATION : 

DEFORESTATION Large scale destruction of trees leading to loss of forest area is called deforestation.

Deforestation-An Overview : 

Deforestation-An Overview *During 1951-72, Loss of 3.4 million hectares of forest land *72% to agriculture *17% to rivervalley projects,industries,roads and communication *Current annual rate-1.3 to 1.5 million hectares * By 2030 the forest areas in the Himalayan range, starting from Kashmir to Assam will become barren.

Factors Responsible : 

Factors Responsible *Nomads and grazers *Tribal people *Shifting cultivation *State govt policies *Management policies of Forest department

Effects of Deforestation : 

Effects of Deforestation *Increasing Flood *Soil Erosion *Heavy siltation of of dams *Changes in Micro-climate

Remedial measures : 

Remedial measures *Banning shifting cultivation *Formulating forest policy (a)Regeneration (b)Conservation *Under taking tree plantation programme *Education and awareness

ECOLOGICAL BALANCE : 

ECOLOGICAL BALANCE Balance between human beings and the surrounding environment is called Ecological balance.

MAINTAINING ECOLOGICAL BALANCE : 

MAINTAINING ECOLOGICAL BALANCE *Aforestation *Checking Pollution *Protecting vegetative plantation *Protecting wildlife and their habitats * Proper maintainance of water resources

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