Teamwork Module

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Terminology Look for the terms below while you complete this module. It is important you be able to talk about these terms in your own words. Team Multidisciplinary Interdisciplinary Transdisciplinary Collaboration

Team basics:

Team basics We’ve all been part of a team, right? Little league, community organizations, even our own families. But what makes a group of people a team? Think about it. Try to define the word “team” for yourself. Once you have a definition move onto the next slide.


The dictionary defines team as: A group of people who work together I would argue that you should add “for a common goal” to that definition. But this definition doesn’t give the whole picture. It’s just a starting point. In this module, we are going to look at why teamwork is important in healthcare, ideas on being an effective team member, as well as discuss the types of teams found in healthcare.

Why talk about teamwork?:

Why talk about teamwork? The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality states that training healthcare workers to be a team leads to less medical errors and greater patient safety (“Medical Teamwork,” 2005). Research found that higher levels of teamwork lead to greater job satisfaction with the healthcare worker’s job ( Kalisch , Lee, & Rochman , 2010).


This video discusses not only why teamwork is important, but also gives some tips on how to communicate concern for your patient. The video does begin with an aviation slant, but makes the medical connection at the end. A lot of heathcare teamwork research and training is modeled after training in the aviation industry. Both industries deal with high stress situations where people’s well-being is at stake. Please listen to my audio first before video

Types of teams in healthcare:

Types of teams in healthcare To be an effective team member it is important for you to understand what types of team you might be a part of. The type will dictate how the team communicates and who holds more power on the team. There are three types of healthcare teams we are concerning ourselves with in this class: Multidisciplinary Interdisciplinary Transdisciplinary This link provides a look at each of these. Read the descriptions of each. You will find other types of teams on this page which you are not responsible for under the scope of this class. View this prezi to gain a better understanding of these types of teams as well as some examples from an OT standpoint. This prezi does have audio after the first slide.

Being an effective team member:

Being an effective team member Many skills enhance teamwork. Some of the skills considered to be essential for good teamwork include collaboration and good communication. Collaboration - occurs when diverse professionals share information, assessments, goals, intervention plans, and other information regarding the same client; collaboration merges expertise as well as various perspectives from each member of the team. You can visit the links below for more tips on being an effective team member. Ten Qualities of an Effective Team Member The 4 Cs of a Great Team Member

Think about all team members:

Think about all team members One of the most important things to remember about the healthcare team is this: The patient is ALWAYS part of the team. All of the visual examples of the types of healthcare teams included the patient. Remembering to include the patient as part of the team is essential to providing the best care possible for that patient!

Other resources:

Other resources These links are not required, but provide additional information if students are interested. World Health Organization’s discussion on healthcare teams This brochure discusses research done in the UK on team working and effectiveness in health care.


Medical Teamwork and Patient Safety: The Evidence-based Relation. (2005, July 1). Retrieved August 1, 2014, from Kalisch , B., Lee, H., & Rochman , M. (2010). Nursing Staff Teamwork And Job Satisfaction. Journal of Nursing Management, 938-947. Retrieved August 26, 2014.

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