Case Study 3

Category: Education

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E-learning Activity : 

E-learning Activity Case Study 3 3 Scenarios : Hindenburg Disaster Observation Balloons Rigid Airships

Hindenburg Disaster : 

Hindenburg Disaster The Hindenburg disaster took place on Thursday 6 May 1937. The LZ 129 Hindenburg airship caught fire and was destroyed within one minute while attempting to dock with its mooring mast at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, which is located adjacent to the borough of Lakehurst in Manchester Township, New Jersey. Of the 97 people on board, 35 people died in addition to one fatality on the ground.

Hindenburg Disaster : 

Hindenburg Disaster The actual cause of the fire remains unknown, although a variety of theories have been put forward for both the cause of ignition and the initial fuel for the ensuing fire. The accident served to shatter public confidence in the giant, passenger-carrying rigid airship. After the german airship Hindenburg caught fire and crashed, the gas originally used to keep the airship aloft was replaced by a safer, non-flammable gas.

Observation Balloons : 

Observation Balloons Observation balloons are balloons that are employed as aerial platforms for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting. The United States used an observation balloon in World War I, the Caquot Type R, named after its designer, Lieutenant Albert Caquot of France. It measured 92 feet (28 metres) long and 32 feet (10 metres) in diameter, could stay aloft in winds as high as 70 miles per hour (112 kilometres per hour) and held 32,200 cubic feet (912 cubic metres) of the lightest known gas.

Observation Balloons : 

Observation Balloons Nearly a thousand Caquot balloons were manufactured in the United States during 1918-1919. During World War I, from 1914 to 1918, both the Allies and Germany employed balloons, generally a few miles behind the front lines. The balloons were fabric envelopes filled with the lightest known gas, whose flammable nature led to the destruction of hundreds of balloons on both sides. To avoid the potentially flammable consequences of this gas, observation balloons after World War I were often filled with another gas which was non-flammable.

Rigid Airships : 

Rigid Airships Toward the end of World War I, the British began focusing on rigid airships and built the R34 and R38. The R34 made the first transatlantic roundtrip flight in July 1919, flying from East Fortune, Scotland, to Newfoundland, Canada, back to Mineola, New York, and returning to Pulham, England. It flew about 7,000 miles (11,200 kilometres) in 183 hours and 15 minutes. In January 1921, it was wrecked while landing at Howden, England.

Rigid Airships : 

Rigid Airships The R38, built abut the same time and some 25 percent larger than R34, was also wrecked that year when its frame snapped and the gas ignited. Forty-four of the 49 crewmembers perished. It was the worst aerial disaster to date. In 1923 U.S. Navy built the ZR1 Shenandoah. ZR1 was the first rigid airship, using the non-flammable gas, constructed in the United States.

Instructions : 

Instructions Please refer to e-portfolio for some guiding questions to help you along.

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