I Sato

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Electronic Recycling regulations in Japan: 

Electronic Recycling regulations in Japan Itaru Sato Manager-Corporate Environmental Affairs SHARP ELECTRONICS CORPORATION

Japanese law system of recycle/waste management: 

Japanese law system of recycle/waste management Basic law for Establish a recycling oriented society Law for promotion of effective utilization of resources End-of-life Vehicle recycling law Construction material recycling law Food recycling law Containers & packaging recycling law Home appliances recycling law Waste Management law framework waste use Product design Recycling Green procurement law

Home appliances recycling act(1) target products : 

Home appliances recycling act(1) target products Products are big and waste amount is high. Products include recyclable resources Difficult to be recycled by municipal authorities Usually delivered by retailers when consumers buy new products Air conditioners Washing Machines TVs(CRT type) Refrigerators /Freezers Began in April 2001

Home appliances recycling act(2) role and responsibility : 

Home appliances recycling act(2) role and responsibility Retailer Appropriate disposal Payment for collection and recycling Disposer/Consumer “User” is “Cost payer” Recycle in line with the stipulated recycling rate and standards Take back from consumer Deliver to Designated collection points “Seller” is “Collector and deliverer” Manufacturer “maker” is “Recycler”

Slide5: 

Home appliances recycling act(3) Cost & recycling rate Collection cost is paid by consumer to retailer,separately. Recycling rate = “weight of recycled resource(sellable)/total weight”

Home appliances recycling act(4) finance mechanism : 

Home appliances recycling act(4) finance mechanism Consumer pay by”Recycling ticket” in retailer or postal office. “Recycling ticket” and cost is handled by third party organization(RKC) established by electronic industry(AEHA) “Recycling ticket” have “manifest” function which each shareholder can monitor.

Home appliances recycling act(4) results and outlook : 

Home appliances recycling act(4) results and outlook 40 millions sets are recycled with high recycling rates. Results Discussion points Point of sales fee? Expands of target: Microwave oven, LCD& PDP TV, Clothes dryer etc. Revision of recycling cost and recycling rate

PC Recycling (1) target products : 

PC Recycling (1) target products Home PC recycling began in July 2003 Regulated by “Law for promotion of effective utilization of resources” Manufacturers have responsibility to “Collection” and “Recycling” Different methods for “consumer PC” and “B2B PC”. PC monitor(CRT & LCD) Single unit PC Desktop PC Note Book PC

Slide9: 

PC recycling act(3) Cost & recycling rate Free of charge Collection & Recycling Collection & Recycling cost determined by the contract.

Slide10: 

For “Home appliances”& “PC”, different system will be utilized for recycling. To build up the recycling system, each shareholders(consumer, retailer, manufacturers) should share the responsibility. To make the recycling system workable, third party organization management is necessary. Summary(1) Recycling situation in Japan

Slide11: 

For Home appliances, collection by retailer is popular. For new PC, recycling costs can be included in the price. In Japan, recycling infrastructure for these product not existent prior to law. In US, there is infrastructure. Summary(2) Differences between Japan & US States In Japan

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