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Gerontology : 

Gerontology Religion and Spirituality

Objectives : 

Objectives Define spirituality. Describe the major components of spirituality. Discuss the impact spirituality has on health. Describe the role of the OT/PT in assisting patients with their spiritual needs.

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality Older adults use their religion and spirituality more than anything else to copy with daily problems. (Koenig, 1999; Krause, 2001; McFadden, 1996) Older adults who are more involved with and committed to their faith have better physical and mental health. (Blazer, 2000; Krause, 2001) Spirituality may help improve psychological well-being especially among frail elderly. (Kirby, Coleman, Daley, 2004)

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality Spirituality concerns itself with matters of the spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and faith, a transcendent reality, or one or more deities. Spiritual wellness: Meaning and purpose in life Intrinsic values Transcendent beliefs/experiences Community relationship

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality Many elders list coping strategies associated with spirituality when asked how they deal with health problems. Placing trust in God Praying Getting strength and help from God

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality “Turning problems over to God” – 3 step process Differentiating between things that can and cannot be changed Emotionally disconnecting from those aspects of the problem that cannot be changed Focusing on belief that God will provide the best outcome possible (Krause, Morgan, Chatters, & Meltzer, 2000) May allow individual to focus efforts on parts of a problem that may be under their control

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality Reliance on religion in times of need appears to be especially important for African Americans. (Levin, Taylor, & Chatters, 1994) Tend to identify with their race and religion more strongly than European Americans. (Fife, 2005) A key predictor of life satisfaction among elderly African Americans is regular church attendance and commitment to their religion. (Fife, 2005)

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality Even under high levels of stress, people who rely on spiritual support report better personal well-being. (McFadden, 1996) Feelings of self-worth are lowest in adults who have very little religious commitment. (Krause, 1995)

Religion and Spirituality : 

Religion and Spirituality People working with the elderly are advised to keep in mind the self-reported importance of religion in the lives of many of them. Respect the client’s belief system, regardless of one’s own feelings about religion or spirituality. Be sensitive to client’s specific religious beliefs and needs around the experience of suffering and death. Provide access to spiritual resources by referring to a chaplain, priest, minister, rabbi, imam, etc.

Slide 10: 

“The faces of people with Alzheimer's are known to light up with remembrances of attending springtime revivals or singing old-time gospels. A relationship with God tends to shine through a fog in thinking. A psalm may be recognizable beam of light." Rev John Deeds "Healing is possible even when curing is not. Just because a person can't follow along in a prayer book doesn't mean he or she can't benefit from a religious service." Rabbi Sam Siecol

Slide 11: 

Spirituality and Health – Duke University http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKig3FwBLCA Spirituality in Gerontological Nursing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMCrsSWByZI&feature=related

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