8 Evolution - Bio

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Analyze the theory of evolution and explain its relationship to modern classification systems Explain the theory of evolution Change in a species over time Natural selection Fossil, biochemical and anatomical evidence Explain evolution related to health and disease Bacteria and viruses Chemicals Immunity Analyze classification according to evolution Taxonomy History and change of systems Phylogenetic trees and dichotomous keys

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4.6 billion years What is the estimated age of Earth?

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Paleozoic In which era did invertebrates first appear?

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A cladogram Which chart shows evolutionary history based on evolved traits?

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Finch (also tortoise, cactus, iguana, etc.) Which organism did Darwin observe that helped develop his theory of natural selection?

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Divergent Species that were once similar become very different over time in which type of evolution?

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Eukarya To which domain do all organisms with a true nucleus in their cells belong?

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Speciation What occurs when natural selection leads to the creation of a new species?

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Punctuated equilibrium Which type of evolution occurs rapidly (in short bursts)?

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Eubacteria To which group do true bacteria belong?

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Vestigial structure What is a structure that may have once had a function but has evolved to be useless over time?

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Co-evolution What occurs when two or more populations evolve at the same time?

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Phylum Which is more specific: Phylum or Kingdom?

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Family Which is more specific: Class or Family?

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No Are two organisms in the same class more closely relate than two organisms in the same family?

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Binomial Nomenclature What is the two-word naming system used to give organisms a scientific name?

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