Green Africa - Reforestation

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Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Dr. H. Kwame Afaglo ©2010

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Africa is known to have an estimated 65 per cent of tropical forest, however the rate of depletion of forest is a little above 0.8 per cent. The later data is worrisome and indicative of higher than global rate of deforestation. Causes of deforestation Perplexingly, Africa’s cause of depletion of forest regions are largely attributed to human activities in the forms of: Fuel wood – Used for both domestic and

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation commercial cooking. After twigs and tress are cut down, they are processed into charcoal. An activity that is theoretically been scheduled for banning in some African countries, but the practiced seems inevitable. Lumbering for commercial purpose – Timber production is a commercial activity that is been accelerated by the high global demand for lumber. Inasmuch as, there are legislative procedures to the production of lumber, the industry accounts for both legitimate and illegal producers for

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation exports. Another weakness that encourages the indiscriminate and non-replacement of trees is the non existence of an export quota and lack of effective monitoring of logging activities. Furniture – This is one of the end products of wood, of which points to an ever increasing global demand for varying styles, sizes and seasonal suitability. Observably, the price of wooden furniture are higher than

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation non-wooden ones, of which encourages both legal and illegal loggers to rake in enough whiles prices are high. Here furniture include wooden artefacts, sofas, dinning furniture, cooking utensils among others. Housing – Although, houses in Africa are mainly made from mud or earth, and or cement, a significant number of her timber that goes into the Americas are used for housing. America and Europe are high consumers of wood for housing.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Farming – Cash crop farming in forest zones is another encroachment and a growing detriment to forestation. Most of these cash crops produce are exported outside the continent of Africa of which forms vital component of Gross National Income (GNI). Then, predominately subsistent farming for food crops is another factor that is depleting the savannah zones in Africa. Pulp and saw mills – Milling lumber to varying sizes leaves behind a sizeable quantity of pulp and saw dust that is

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation regarded as waste in Africa. These waste serves as tissue and paper for both commercial and domestic use. This is a source of raw material for Africa’s paper and tissue industries. Reforesting strategies - recommendations Although a large part of Africa is forested, the rate of its depletion is unacceptable therefore requires pragmatic measures to maintain and re-grow the lost forest regions of Africa (Green Africa).

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Displacement of fuel wood – Readily available and competitively cost effective fuel as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) be used to displace fuel wood (charcoal) for both domestic and commercial use. Unlike, United Kingdom (UK) where houses or homes are piped with continuously supply of LPG, most African countries consumers of LPG buy it in bottles with noted periodic shortages. Price wise, fuel wood is cheaper than LPG, hence it currently is not serving the displacement purpose.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Using legislature to ban the use of charcoal is good but its combination with the displacement concept will be more effective. Export duty - Tariffs on exported charcoal should be punitively high, that it becomes a disincentive for international traders and production (logging) towards that purpose.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Legal – With the banning of fuel wood and its production as legislated, the responsibility of ensure the legal enforcement must be at the local level made of community authorities, community forest police (CFP), and community forest tribunals (CFT). Forest protection – Besides the forestry commission in most African countries who have signed to the forest protection act of United Nations (UN), the responsibility of protecting the forest must form part of the remit of CFP, CFT and local authorities.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Three trees for one – Legally permitted loggers must be made to plant three (3) trees prior to falling one (1) as part of the condition to issuance of lumbering permit by Forestry Commission (FC) and the local authorities. Much as this policy in practice is not a panacea to deforestation it serves the purpose of reforesting the region. Involvement of international community – Donor communities to be encouraged to enshrine the ‘debt-for-forest’ as a conditionality when giving out facilities

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation of any form to all African-Caribbean-Pacific (ACP) countries. It is recommended Bretton-Wood Institutions adapt this policy as it is practiced in the swap form between Norway and Costa Rica. Agyei confirms the thought as: ‘The donor agencies effectively "buy" the forest area by paying off some of the target country's foreign debt in exchange for the promise not to develop the area. Such a deal has been successfully brokered between Norway and Costa Rica’. (1999)

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Gender and literacy – Other studies have indicated female and illiteracy are contributing factors to deforestation. However, it is interesting to know that most African traditional settings prohibit falling of trees, reserving a day of the week for regeneration of nature (forest and water bodies), whiles attributing the customary practice to deity instruction.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Manmade forest – It is recommended the desert, semi desert and savannah regions in Africa start creating manmade forest by planting trees, herbs and shrubs as reserves. A cumulative approach will yield positive environmental, socio-cultural and economical results for Africa.

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation References Adjei, D. (2004) Grantee profiles Africa Available from http://www.greengrants.org/grantstories.php?news_id=54 Accessed on [14th October 2010] Cotthem, W. V. (1998) Remarkable Reforestation in Burkina Faso Available from http://desertification.wordpress.com/2006/11/19/remarkable-reforestation-in-burkina-faso/ Accessed on [14th October 2010]

Green Africa - Reforestation : 

Green Africa - Reforestation Thank you

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