Mulieris Dignitatem Introduction

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Dignity and vocation of the women in the Church and Society

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MULIERIS DIGNATATEM:

MULIERIS DIGNATATEM INTRODUCTION

Slide3:

-Mary Anne Glendon

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                 “All women have the same value. Every woman could have been born to different circumstances, in a different country, to different parents, to a different government... prostitutes are not "special kinds" of women, nor are they "lower kinds of women." All women are women and we are born into different circumstances in life, we go through different things in life, and we turn out differently. The prostitute that a man so easily dismisses as someone to be "used and forgotten" is a woman who's circumstances have put her there, no matter what those circumstances are. Any baby girl could have been born into those very same circumstances. Everything is all a matter of chance. So do I find it fundamentally immoral for men to classify women into "worthy" and "unworthy"? Yes, I do. But what I find to be worse than that, is the fact that we are all of the same value and yet we are all born unequally. But no man should ever take advantage of that. Prostitution shouldn't ever have to be an option, it shouldn't even exist.” ― C. JoyBell C.                  “All women have the same value. Every woman could have been born to different circumstances, in a different country, to different parents, to a different government... prostitutes are not "special kinds" of women, nor are they "lower kinds of women." All women are women and we are born into different circumstances in life, we go through different things in life, and we turn out differently. The prostitute that a man so easily dismisses as someone to be "used and forgotten" is a woman who's circumstances have put her there, no matter what those circumstances are. Any baby girl could have been born into those very same circumstances. Everything is all a matter of chance. So do I find it fundamentally immoral for men to classify women into "worthy" and "unworthy"? Yes, I do. But what I find to be worse than that, is the fact that we are all of the same value and yet we are all born unequally. But no man should ever take advantage of that. Prostitution shouldn't ever have to be an option, it shouldn't even exist.” ― C. JoyBell C.

Background:

Background The letter was written for two reasons: 1. In 1987, in the light of Vatican Council II teachings, a Synod of Bishops gathered to examine the importance of the Laity in the Church and their mission. One of the Synod’s recommendations was that further anthropological studies were needed to understand in the light of Revelation: what does it really mean to be a man or a woman? 2. 1988 was also a Marian Year ; hence, the late Pope saw it fit to give his own theological understanding on the importance of the dignity and vocation of women , as Mary, Mother of God and of the Church is a model to be pondered upon and followed.

Theology of the Body:

Theology of the Body Series of 129 lectures given by Pope St John Paul II during his Wednesday audiences between September 5, 1979 and November 28, 1984. The first major teaching of his pontificate. The complete addresses were later compiled and expanded upon in many of John Paul's encyclicals, letters, and exhortations . St . John Paul II's integrated vision of the human person. The human body has a specific meaning, making visible an invisible reality, and is capable of revealing answers regarding fundamental questions about us and our lives : Is there a real purpose to life and if so, what is it? What does it mean that we were created in the image of God ? Why were we created male and female? Does it really matter if we are one sex or another? What does the marital union of a man and woman say to us about God and his plan for our lives? What is the purpose of the married and celibate vocations? What exactly is "Love"? Is it truly possible to be pure of heart ?

Mulieris Dignitatem:

Mulieris Dignitatem The Dignity of Women   1988  apostolic letter by John Paul II on the dignity of women. ( Apostolic letter = One of the major types of ecclesiastical documents issued by the Pope or in his name to the Bishops and people of the Church.) The letter advocates the complementary roles of men and women in line with the philosophy of  new feminism .

THE ROLE OF THE WOMEN IN THE CHURCH AND SOCIETY:

THE R OLE OF THE W OMEN IN THE C HURCH AND S OCIETY VOCATION & DIGNITY OF WOMEN MOTHERHOOD WOMEN’S RIGHTS MOVEMENT RADICAL FEMINISM FEMINISM IN THE BIBLE CHARACTERISTICS OF A WOMAN WOMAN AS PRIMARY EDUCATOR CULTIVATING FEMINITY MISSION IN THE CHURCH AND IN THE WORLD

THE DIGNITY AND THE VOCATION OF WOMEN :

THE DIGNITY AND THE VOCATION OF WOMEN - a subject of constant human and Christian reflection - have gained exceptional prominence in recent years. This can be seen, for example, in the statements of the Church’s Magisterium present in various documents of the Second Vatican Council, which declares in its Closing Message: “The hour is coming, in fact has come, when the vocation of women is being acknowledged in its fullness, the hour in which women acquire in the world an influence, an effect and a power never hitherto achieved. That is why, at his moment when the human race is undergoing so deep a transformation, women imbued with a spirit of the Gospel can do so much to aid humanity in not falling”. This Message sums up what had already been expressed in the Council’s teaching, specifically in the Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes and in the Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity Apostolicam Actuositatem . Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Letter , ”MULIERIS DIGNITATEM,” 1988

John Paul II and Women:

John Paul II and Women John Paul II teaches in no uncertain terms that women and men are equal as persons before God. Both man and woman are human beings to an equal degree, both are created in God’s image. The communion within the Trinity is reflected in the union of man and woman brought about by their complementarity : absolute unity through freedom and distinctive differences. This can be only accomplished through love. “A woman’s dignity is closely connected with the love which she receives by the very reason of her feminity ; it is likewise connected with the love which she gives in return…Woman can only hand herself by giving love to others” (MD 30). Points out that Mary is the perfect model for the feminine.

John Paul II and Women:

John Paul II and Women We would… like to consider more particularly the role of the Christian woman, both because of the importance that women have always had in the Church , and because of the hopes for the present and the future which can and must be placed in them. In our era, many voices have spoken up demanding respect for woman’s personal dignity and recognition of her real equality of rights with man , so as to offer her the full opportunity to fulfill her role in all sectors and at all levels in society. Pope John Paul II - General Audience on June 22, 1994

Family unity:

Family unity James Rodriguez & Daniela Ospina

Womanhood revealed in Motherhood :

Womanhood revealed in Motherhood The Bible (and subsequently the liturgy), with its characteristic simplicity, honors and praises throughout the centuries “the womb that bore you and the breasts that you sucked” (Lk 11:27). These words constitute a eulogy of motherhood , of femininity, of the female body in its typical expression of creative love. And they are words referred in the Gospel to the Mother of Christ, Mary, the second Eve. Pope John Paul II, General Audience - March 12, 1980

Open to and for others :

Open to and for others In creating the human race “male and female,” God gives man and woman an equal personal dignity, endowing them with the inalienable person . God then manifests the dignity of women in the highest form possible, by assuming human flesh from the Virgin Mary, whom the Church honors as the Mother of God , calling her the new Eve and presenting her as the model of redeemed woman. The sensitive respect of Jesus towards the women that He called to His following and His friendship, His appearing on Easter morning to a woman before the other disciples , the mission entrusted to women to carry the good news of the Resurrection to the apostles-these are all signs that confirm the special esteem of the Lord Jesus for women. The Apostle Paul will say: “In Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith.... There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Exhortation “FAMILIARIS CONSORTIO ,”# 22 November 22, 1981 “ Suffering …, she succeeds in resisting suffering more than a man (MD 19)

Her goodness prevails over evil Her love against all odds can be and instrument of peace & justice:

Her goodness prevails over evil Her love against all odds can be and instrument of peace & justice the dignity of women is measured by the order of love, which is essentially the order of justice and charity … A woman is strong because of her awareness of this entrusting, strong because of the fact that God "entrusts the human being to her ", … And she becomes an irreplaceable support and source of spiritual strength for other people , who perceive the great energies of her spirit (MD 30) When we say that the woman is the one who receives love in order to love in return , this refers not only or above all to the specific spousal relationship of marriage. It means something more universal , based on the very fact of her being a woman within all the interpersonal relationships which, in the most varied ways, shape society and structure the interaction between all persons - men and women. In this broad and diversified context, a woman represents a particular value by the fact that she is a human person, and, at the same time, this particular person, by the fact of her femininity . This concerns each and every woman , independently of the cultural context in which she lives, and independently of her spiritual, psychological and physical characteristics, as for example, age, education, health, work, and whether she is married or single . (MD 29)

Feminist History: 1st Wave:

Feminist History : 1 st Wave In Feminist history the commonly accepted genealogy of feminism begins with the First Wave Feminists, or Suffragists as they were called during their lifetimes.  This First Wave began roughly around 1848 and lasted until the Nineteenth Constitutional Amendment legalized voting rights for women (the primary goal of the movement) in 1920 . It was family-oriented. (i.e. female prohibitionists.) Home base = social activism.

2nd Wave:

2 nd Wave The Second Wave of Feminism doesn’t have quite as clear of a start date, but many of the ideas and foundational building blocks were already being promoted in society as early as the 1910s-20s.  It grew with the so-called, “Sexual Revolution.” It was very individual-oriented and promoted women becoming like men to be “free.” Supportive of abortion, contraception and “sexual freedom.” Home base = universities.

The 3rd Wave:

The 3rd Wave We are currently living in the Third Wave of Feminist thought. Home base = social movements Importance of political activism has become more central Leaders have entrenched themselves in high positions at Universities to assure the continuance of their ideological doctrines. 3 rd wave is charged with gender-related (often very confusing!) agendas, and has put itself in line with the homosexual or LGTB agenda. Includes both men and women.

The 4th Wave:

The 4 th Wave The New Feminism = the 4 th wave which is dawning. The New Feminist refuse to work against woman’s nature to be maternal, nurturing – and yet strong! It seeks a more balanced view which upholds woman’s nature while promoting her individual freedom and dignity as a person.

New Feminism = AUTHENTIC FEMINISM:

New Feminism = AUTHENTIC FEMINISM Why? It upholds the FEMININE GENIUS described by JPII (rooted in philosophy of female thinkers such as Edith Stein, Mary Anne Glendon and Gertrude Von Le Fort.) The Feminine Genius points to characteristics that women, in general, were created to excel at naturally. It provides balance with men’s gift of masculinity in family, society and church.

JPII’s Quote:

JPII’s Quote “In transforming culture so that it supports life, women occupy a place, in thought and action, which is unique and decisive. It depends on them to promote a “new feminism” which rejects the temptation of imitating models of “male domination”, in order to acknowledge and affirm the true genius of women in every aspect of the life of society, and overcome all discrimination, violence and exploitation.” ( Evangelium Vitae, n. 99)

Characteristics of Feminine Genius:

Characteristics of Feminine Genius empathy interpersonal relations emotive capacity subjectivity communication intuition p ersonalization See more at: http:// www.ignitumtoday.com/2013/07/22 / what-is-a-new-feminist/#sthash.4XKDFPou.dpuf As Pope Paul VI pleaded and implored women in the 1965 Second Vatican Council’s closing address, “Reconcile men with life and above all, we beseech you, watch carefully over the future of our race. Hold back the hand of man who, in a moment of folly, might attempt to destroy human civilization.”

St. Gianna Beretta Molla:

St. Gianna Beretta  Molla

St. Rose Venerini:

St. Rose  Venerini In her lifetime she opened 40 schools in Italy (the first public schools). She wanted to make sure that every girl not only understood her faith, but also knew all the basics that she’d need to participate in society.