RTI Presentation

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Introduction to Response To Intervention: RTI :

Introduction to Response To Intervention: RTI By Jeffrey Crowe

What is Response to Intervention (RTI):

What is Response to Intervention (RTI ) Response to Intervention is an new approach in the diagnosis of Academic Disabilities. In the RTI model: Any student with an academic delay receives one or more scientifically based interventions. The student's academic growth is monitored frequently to see if the interventions are adequate to help the student become academically equal to their peers. If the student fails to show drastically improved academic progress despite the interventions , this failure to respond to intervention can be viewed as evidence of an underlying Learning Disability.

Why is RTI now being adopted by schools? :

Why is RTI now being adopted by schools? Congress passed the revised Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) in 2004. This Federal legislation provides the guidelines that schools must follow when identifying children for special education services. Based on the changes in IDEIA 2004, the US Department of Education updated its regulations to state education departments. The new USDE regulations: Allow the use of RTI to identify Learning Disabilities Don’t allow states from forcing schools to use a discrepancy model to identify Learning Disabilities

Example of Criterion-Referenced Benchmarks:

Example of Criterion-Referenced Benchmarks The benchmark symbolize a level of proficiency needed for school success . An example of a regularly used set of benchmarks for reading are those that were developed for use with the DIBELS [Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills]. Using the DIBELS benchmarks, for example, 3 rd -grade students are at labeled as low risk for reading problems if they reach these reading-fluency goals: 77 Correctly read words per minute at the start of the year 92 Correctly read words per minute at the middle of the school year 110 Correctly read words per minute at the end of the school year

How a school can use RTI:

How a school can use RTI The school can arrange its interventions into 3 Tiers that represent a range of increasing intensity of support. Tier I is the lowest level of intervention and Tier III is the most intensive intervention level.

10 steps in implementing RTI:

10 steps in implementing RTI Step 1- To implement scientifically based general instruction. This step is definitely essential in the process, but could also be difficult. In order to find a competent and trained teacher might take a while. Step 2- Collect bench marks of the student performance 3 times during the year. This step is also essential, and might be one of the easiest to do. Just using a standard test for the students in order to assess them has already been in place, but would need just simple modifications. Step 3- Identify which students scored below the bench mark target. This also an essential and easy step to accomplish. The student’s scores on the benchmark tests can be easily monitored for those students that are below the mark. Step 4- Provide 3 weeks of small group instruction to those students that are below the targeted benchmark. This step again involves the use of a qualified and competent teacher who is trained in the scientifically based instruction. Step 5- Monitor these students progress toward the benchmark for 3 weeks. This step is also essential because if students aren’t monitor than the instructor will not know who needs additional help. 6

10 steps in implementing RTI:

10 steps in implementing RTI Step 6- Review and revise and possibly discontinue the small group instruction based on performance. This is again is essential for the teacher to monitor and recognize if the instruction is not working for the students. Step 7- For those students that do not see improvement from step 4, increase the intensity of specific instruction for another 3 weeks. This is again essential for the teacher to implement. Step 8- Review, revise and possibly discontinue the small group instruction based on performance. Step 9- For those students who still do not show improvement by the end of the school year, initiate a comprehensive evaluation for disabilities. This part is also one of the most essential parts of the process. For a student who is not able to benefit from the specified instruction, it is important to identify their disabilities. Step 10- Determination of these students meeting criteria for special education will be done by the IEP team. The last step is also essential in the process which is done by the IEP team in determining placement for the student. 7

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