Conservation of wildlife

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CONSERVATION OF WILDLIFE BY -JAI PRAKASH SINGH

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Conservation Of Wildlife:

Conservation Of Wildlife By- JAI PRAKASH SINGH IXth C Paper Presentation Competition 2013-14

Introduction:

Introduction Plants and animals (birds) brighten our lives. There are no . of species of plants and animals on earth from millions of years. In the last few hundred years ,they began to extinct due to many human activities.

Why Is Wildlife In Danger?:

Why Is Wildlife In Danger? 1. Habitat Destruction- Factors contributing to habitat loss are: overpopulation, deforestation, pollution and climate change.

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2. Overexploitation- This occurs in the form of overhunting and the illegal wildlife trade.

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3. Climate Change- Global warming is also considered to be a major threat to global biodiversity as it harms their body as well as habitat.

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4. Human Overpopulation- The massive growth in the human population through the 20th century has had more impact on biodiversity than any other single factor as plants and animals have no place to live.

Endangered Species:

Endangered Species An endangered species is a population of organisms which is facing a high risk of becoming extinct. In India 149 species of plants and animals are listed as endangered by IUCN’s Red List. 9,713 known species in the world have been identified as endangered or critically endangered.

Endangered In India:

Endangered In India

1. White- Rumped Vulture :

This species was very common, especially in the Gangetic plains of India. It declined rapidly in numbers since 1990s up to 99.9 % between 1992 and 2007. The decline has been widely attributed to poisoning by diclofenac leaving traces in cattle carcasses. 1. White- Rumped Vulture

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For conservation of White Rumped Vulture- Campaigns to ban the use of diclofenac in veterinary practice have been underway. Conservation measures have included reintroduction, captive-breeding programs and artificial feeding.

2.Royal Bengal Tiger:

2.Royal Bengal Tiger The Bengal tiger is native to the Bengal region, and is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. Tigers are widely distributed throughout the India. Based on the result of the surveys in 2008, the total tiger population has been estimated at 1,411 individuals.

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The decline in Tiger’s population is due to the following- Habitat and prey loss. Hunting, poaching and illegal trade. Conflict with humans. In 1972, Project Tiger was launched aiming at ensuring a viable population of tigers in the country.  There are 15 reserves covering an area of 24,700 square kms.

Endangered In World:

Endangered In World

1. Amur Leopard:

1. Amur Leopard The Amur leopard is native to the Primorye region of south -eastern Russia.  There are only 26 Amur Leopard left as per 2007 census.

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Amur leopards are threatened by- Poaching Encroaching civilization Exploitation of forests Climate change The Amur Leopard and Tiger Alliance (ALTA) is an initiative to conserve the Amur leopard and Amur tiger. The ministry of Russia is planning to introduce new "imported" Amur leopards.

2. Grandidier's baobab:

2. Grandidier's baobab Grandidier's baobab is the biggest and most famous of Madagascar's six species ofbaobabs.  This imposing and unusual tree is endemic to the island of Madagascar. Today it is mainly found in open, agricultural land or degraded scrubland.

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The greatest threat to this species has come from the transformation of its forest habitat into agricultural land. The President of Madagascar vowed to triple the amount of protected areas, a measure which may benefit the Grandidier's baobab.

Why Should We Protect Wildlife?:

Why Should We Protect Wildlife? They maintain ecological balance for supporting life. Plants and animals hold medicinal, agricultural, ecological, commercial value. They must be protected so that future generations can experience their presence and value.

What Have We Done To Protect Them?:

What Have We Done To Protect Them?

Conservation In India:

Conservation In India

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The Wildlife Conservation Act was enacted by the Government of India in 1972. There are 102 national parks, over 441 wildlife sanctuaries and 17 biosphere reserves in India. The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 refers to a sweeping package of legislation enacted in 1972 by the Government of India.

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Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. It was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. The preserve was renamed in 1955–56 as  Corbett National Park.  It is situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and  acts as a protected area for the endangered Bengal tiger of India. The present area of the Reserve is 1,318.54 square kilometers.

Conservation In World:

Conservation In World

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 The World Conservation Strategy was developed in 1980 by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Many Non Government organizations are also working to conserve plants and animals.  According to the IUCN, there were 6,555 national parks worldwide in 2006.

International Union For Conservation Of Nature :

International Union For Conservation Of Nature It is an international organization dedicated to finding solutions to environment and development challenges. The organization publishes the IUCN Red List, to rate which species are most endangered.

World Wildlife Fund for Nature(WWF):

World Wildlife Fund for Nature(WWF)  It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million supporters worldwide, working in more than 100 countries, supporting around 1300 conservation and environmental projects.

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It was established on March 1, 1872. It is the first national park of the world. It is located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming. Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 8,983 km 2. Over 1,700 species of trees and plants are native to the park. There are almost 60 species of mammals in the park.

What Can We Do To Conserve Them?:

What Can We Do To Conserve Them? Recycle and Reduce Energy and Goods Consumption Join a Conservation Organization Minimize use of Herbicides and Pesticides Slow Down When Driving Voice Your Concerns and Get Involved Locally Call wildlife SOS. Our wildlife SOS number is- 9871963535

Bibliography:

Bibliography Sources of my presentation are- www.wikipedia.org www.google.co.in www.deviantart.com

Thank You:

Thank You

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