subject verb agreement

Category: Education

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The subject of a sentence must agree in number with the verb.


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Subject Verb Agreement :

Subject Verb Agreement Subject verb agreement refers to the number of the subject and verb used in one sentence.

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Basic Rule of subject verb agreement The basic rule for subject verb agreement states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb. Therefore we must use a singular subject with a singular verb and a plural subject with a plural verb. When this happens, we say that the subject and the verb agree . That is why it is called subject verb agreement .

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Singular and plural subjects We should remember that singular ; subject (noun or pronoun) means one , and plural means more than one . Subjects will always be nouns or pronouns e.g. Liaquat, Novin, Mushtaq, Naveed (Nouns) He, She, It, I, You, We, They (Pronouns)

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What is subject of a sentence? Subject is someone or something Subject is doer of action or focus of something What is Verb of a sentence? Verb is a doing word in a sentence. Verb shows an action or a state of being in a sentence.

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Here are some example sentences: (The subjects are bold, and the verbs are underlined.) She is playing outside. (singular) They are playing outside. (plural) Mark runs on the track team. (singular) The boys run on the track team. (plural) I am a La Sallian teacher. We are La Sallian teachers.

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Recognizing singular and plural subjects (nouns or pronouns) ACTIVITY # 1

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ANSWER KEY Singular and Plural Subjects 1. The squirrel is running fast. singular 2. Three of the plates are round. plural 3. My grandmother is very kind. singular 4. They gave her a nice gift. singular 5. Answer the telephone, please. singular 6. My crayons are broken. plural 7. Have you seen my keys? plural 8. That map is old. singular 9. It flew in the sky. singular 10. The store will open tomorrow. singular 11. There are ten fish. plural

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Now when we have known that the subject of a sentence may be singular or plural; Noun or Pronoun what should be our next trick to learn subject verb agreement. The next trick is recognizing a singular or plural verb.

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Hint : Verbs do not form their plurals by adding an s as nouns do. In order to determine which verb is singular and which one is plural, think of which verb you would use with he or she and which verb you would use with they . Example: talks, talk Which one is the singular form? Which word would you use with he ? We say, "He talks." Therefore, talks is singular. We say, "They talk." Therefore, talk is plural.

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Compound Subjects Compound means two or more. The rule for a singular subject and its agreement with verb is straightforward and easy to remember, but what happens when you have two or more subjects?

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Subject Verb Agreement Rules for Compound Subjects 1. For singular compound subjects joined by and , use a plural verb . Younas and his brother walk to school every day. Robina and Rukhsana are best friends. Usama , Arslan , Adeem and Francis have shown excellent result in the metric class board exam.

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2. For singular compound subjects joined by or or nor , use a singular verb . A lamp or clock is in the box. Either I or you have made the mistake. Neither you nor he was in the lab. 3. For plural compound subjects joined by or or nor , use a plural verb . Neither lamps nor clocks are in the box. Either boys or girls can represent our school in inter-school speech competition.

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4. For compound subjects that are both singular and plural joined by or or nor, use the verb that agrees with the closest subject. Neither Fatima nor the girls of her class are in the race. Either the students or their class will receive the report cards. They were the children or their mother who arranged a surprise party at home.

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