LOGISTICS MGT CHAPTER 1

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Chapter 1: :

Chapter 1: Supply Chain Management

Learning Objectives - After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following::

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 2 Learning Objectives - After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following: Understand the development of supply chain management in leading corporations. Appreciate the importance and role of supply chain management among private and public organizations. Understand the contributions of a supply chain approach to organizational efficiency and effectiveness.

Learning Objectives:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 3 Learning Objectives Analyze the benefits that can accrue from implementing effective supply chain practices. Understand the major challenges and issues facing organizations developing and implementing supply chain strategies. Discuss the major change drivers in our economy and in the global marketplace.

Logistics Profile: SAB Distribution:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 4 Logistics Profile: SAB Distribution SAB, a central Pennsylvania food wholesaling company, had grown to $180 million over the years. Current management were dealing with flat sales and profit profiles and had cut costs to the point where further cuts were counterproductive. The market had changed and SAB was unable to respond…management had questions but no answers. What happened? Where does SAB fit in the supply chain? What should SAB do?

Supply Chain Management: Introduction:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 5 Supply Chain Management: Introduction Supply chain management now part of the business vocabulary. Impact of global marketplace drastically changed the landscape of business. Change was rapid and continuous in the 1990s. Doing business in the comfort zone was no longer synonymous with success.

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 6 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces The Empowered Consumer Power Shift in the Supply Chain Deregulation Globalization Technology

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 7 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces The Empowered Consumer Impact on logistics is more direct. Informed consumers have low tolerance for poor quality in products and services. Changing demographics commands 24/7 service. Increased customer service increases the importance of logistics and supply chains.

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 8 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces Power Shift in the Supply Chain Large retailers more demanding and commanding. Focus upon distribution costs and their impact on “everyday low prices”. Changing logistics and supply chain strategies resulted from shifts in the balance of economic power.

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 9 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces Deregulation Changing economic controls empowered creativity and competition. Changes in transportation – fewer or no economic controls over rates and services. Change in financial institutions blurred traditional differences and increased competition. Change in the communications industry also resulted in more competition. Changes in the utility industry allows more competition.

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 10 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces Globalization Global marketplace concept Global network sourcing, manufacturing, marketing and distribution Global alternatives have blossomed No geography --- access available to the world Supply chain challenges Wal-Mart’s challenges New supply sources

The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 11 The Changing Business Landscape: Five Driving Forces Technology Information Age provides new and unrestricted access to the place aspect of business. My time, my place Warehouse technology has changed dramatically with computer devices in use from the office space to the forklifts.

On the Line: Extreme Enterprise:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 12 On the Line: Extreme Enterprise Integrating new enterprise and supply chain management solutions allowed Columbia Sportswear to keep up with sales that increased from $3 million in 1984 to $470 million in 1999. With one store and a handful of outlets, distribution to its customers is where the rubber meets the road. Columbia’s president was determined not to let distribution restrain growth, and backed it with money. A 1 million square foot distribution center receives more than 2 million units/month and set a record by shipping 172,000 items in one day, and more than 2 million items in a month.

The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 13 The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept Development of the Concept Business Case for Supply Chain Management Characteristics of Supply Chain Management

The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 14 The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept Development of the Concept Total systems cost - remains an important element of logistics analysis. Outbound logistics - was the initial focus with higher value finished goods. Inbound logistics – deregulation allowed new focus on coordination of inbound and outbound movements. Value chain analysis integrated logistics activities. Terminology growing as supply chain concept matures.

Figure 1-1 A View of Business Logistics in a Firm:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 15 Figure 1-1 A View of Business Logistics in a Firm

Figure 1-2 Integrated Logistics Management:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 16 Figure 1-2 Integrated Logistics Management

Figure 1-3 Generic Value Chain:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 17 Figure 1-3 Generic Value Chain

Figure 1-4 Logistics Supply Chain:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 18 Figure 1-4 Logistics Supply Chain

The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 19 The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept Business Case for Supply Chain Management: Why so much attention on supply chain management? ECR and Best-in-class studies (see next two slides) Complexity of the supply chain Extended enterprise concept Two-way flow of: Products Information Cash Inventory visibility

Figure 1-5: Comparison of Average Throughput Time of Dry Grocery Chain before and after ECR Implementation:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 20 Figure 1-5: Comparison of Average Throughput Time of Dry Grocery Chain before and after ECR Implementation

Figure 1-6: Total Supply Chain Management Cost --- All Sectors:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 21 Figure 1-6: Total Supply Chain Management Cost --- All Sectors Revenue %

Figure 1-7: Integrated Supply Chain:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 22 Figure 1-7: Integrated Supply Chain

Figure 1-8: Running Lean:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 23 Figure 1-8: Running Lean Number of times Dell and Compaq turn inventory over in each quarter, calculated at an annual rate.

The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 24 The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept Characteristics of Supply Chain Management Inventory Visibility Pull systems Landed Cost Companies must realize that their strategies may affect the landed cost. Coordination of supply chain activities may lower the landed cost.

The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 25 The Changing Business Landscape: The Supply Chain Concept Characteristics of Supply Chain Management Real-time two way information flows Customer service levels must be tailored to each customer not all customers require the same service Supply chain relationships Collaborative planning Share risks and rewards

Figure 1-9: Traditional Supply Chain/Pipeline Inventory Flow 1970s and 1980s:

Chapter 1 Management of Business Logistics, 7 th Ed. 26 Figure 1-9: Traditional Supply Chain/Pipeline Inventory Flow 1970s and 1980s

Chapter 1: Summary and Review Questions:

Chapter 1: Summary and Review Questions Students should review their knowledge of the chapter by checking out the Summary and Study Questions for Chapter 1. This is the last slide for Chapter 1

End of Chapter 1 Slides:

End of Chapter 1 Slides Supply Chain Management

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