Continuing Education Session 3 Gas - Part 2 of 2

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Slide 1: 

Welcome to Cape Cod Plumbing School’s 6 Hour Continuing Education Course SESSION 3! GAS Please read the following instructions to fully understand how to take the course: To make the presentation full screen, click the square icon on the bottom right corner just outside this presentation box. To go back to a previous slide Click on this side of the screen To go to the next slide Click on this side of the screen Audio for each slide will AUTOMATICALLY PLAY And CANNOT be paused. If you need to hear it again, simply go to the next slide, then go back to the slide you wanted to hear again. You will download the gas workbook on the next slide. Each fill in the blank question on the workbook has a page number next to it. That number corresponds to the PG # at the top right corner of each slide. Look at the PG # on the slide if you lose your place on the workbook. When you are finished with this part of the course, a final slide will display 2 links. One link is for the SESSION 3 PLUMBING TEST, the 2nd link is for the SESSION 3 GAS TEST. Fullscreen Button PG #

Slide 2: 

On your computer keyboard, please press the “Esc” key located at the top left corner. This will take you out of fullscreen mode. This is required if you want to continue to the next part of the course. SESSION 3 GAS WORKBOOK DOWNLOAD Once you have pressed the “Esc” key and are out of fullscreen mode, please click the link below. Print out the workbook so you can fill in the blanks as you go through the course. Continuing Education Session 3 - Gas Workbook Once the workbook is printed, continue to the next slide…

Slide 3: 

ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS WHO AND WHY a) LICENSED JOURNEYMEN AND MASTER PLUMBERS b) LICENSED JOURNEYMEN AND MASTER GAS FITTERS c) LICENSED LP. INSTALLERS WHY a) TO KEEP YOU INFORMED OF ALL CURRENT CODE CHANGES b) TO REVIEW NEW MATERIALS & PROCEDURES c) TO REVIEW EXISTING CODE MATERIALS PG. 262 11.O4 2 STATE BOARD PG 1

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APPRENTICE GASFITTER LICENSE RENEWAL LIMITED AN APPRENTICE LICENSE SHALL NOT BE RENEWED (NOR SHALL THE LICENSEE BE ELIGIBLE FOR A NEW LICENSE) AFTER TEN YEARS FROM THE DATE THE LICENSE WAS INITIALLY GRANTED OR SEPT. 1, 2018, WHICH EVER COMES LATER. A LICENSED APPRENTICE GASFITTER WHO HAS NOT SUCCESSFULLY OBTAINED A JOURNEYMAN GASFITTER LICENSE THROUGH THE EXAMINATION PROCESS FOLLOWING SIX EXAMINATION ATTEMPTS SHALL NOT BE RENEWED. AN APPRENTICE WHOSE LICENSE HAS NOT BEEN RENEWED FOR NON-COMPLIANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE PERMITTED TO PETITION THE BOARD FOR REINSTATEMENT, FOR GOOD CAUSE, HIS OR HER APPRENTICE LICENSE. PG 2

Slide 5: 

Enforcement of C.E. Requirements Any licensee who does not complete the required clock hours of continuing education within the license renewal cycle shall be responsible for completing make-up classes covering the Board approved material for the continuing education missed. In addition to any makeup classes, all licensees who fail to complete continuing education requirements for any renewal cycle shall be subject to Board review and disciplinary action that may include, but not be limited to the issuance of fines, denial of applications for additional licenses. The board is under no obligation to warn a Licensee of non-compliance with continuing education requirements prior to commencing disciplinary action, however, said action shall be subject to any hearings required by law. PG 3

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Enforcement of C.E. Requirements Cont. (5) Reinstatement of lapsed/expired/suspended licenses. (a) Licensees who have failed to renew their licenses must fill out any applications required by the Board and must pay any back or late fees prior to board consideration. (b) Licensees who are lapsed/expired must meet the following additional requirements for reinstating their licenses: 1. If expired for four years or less, Licensees must complete the continuing education hours for the current renewal cycle prior to applying to reinstate their license. 2. If expired for more then four years, licensees must complete the continuing education hours for the current renewal cycle and pass the full Board examination for their license prior to being reinstated. However, Licensees shall not be required to take the examination if they completed all Board required continuing education requirements for each two year cycle during the period in which their license was expired. PG 4

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Enforcement of C.E. Requirements Cont. 3. Without special Board approval, no waivers of continuing education granted under any other section of these regulations shall apply for purposes of reinstating a lapsed or expired license. (c) Unless a decision or consent agreement explicitly states otherwise, licensees who are suspended must complete all continuing education in order to qualify for reinstating their licenses. (d) This section shall not be deemed to sanction unlicensed practice. An individual practicing with an expired or suspended license may face disciplinary action up to and including revocation of the right to renew that license. PG 5

Slide 8: 

Qualifications for admission to the Master Gasfitter Examination An applicant who is a licensed journeyman gas fitter shall be required to complete the following education and experience criteria to be eligible for admission to the master gasfitters examination: Experience. (a) Applications received prior to September 1, 2011. The applicant shall furnish documentation satisfactory to the Board demonstrating completion of no less than six calendar months of practical experience totaling a minimum of 850 clock hours of experience as the holder of a journeyman gasfitter license and has been actively engaged in or working at the business of, installing repairing, or maintaining gasfitting systems, apparatus, devices, fixtures, or other appliances typical to the discipline of the gasfitting industry only. PG 6

Slide 9: 

Qualifications for admission to the Master Gasfitter Examination Cont. (b) Applications received on or after September 1, 2011. The applicant shall furnish documentation satisfactory to the Board demonstrating completion of no less than one year practical experience totaling a minimum of 1,700 clock hours of experience as the holder of a Commonwealth of Massachusetts journeyman gasfitter license and has been actively engaged in or working at the business of installing repairing, or maintaining gasfitting systems, apparatus, devices, fixtures, or other appliances typical to the discipline of the gasfitting industry only. 2. Education. The applicant shall furnish documentation satisfactory to the Board of having completed 50 clock hours of gasfitting theory in a master Gasfitter educational program, culminating in a school or instructor designed examination to ensure competency. This program must meet the Board administered requirements of 248 CMR 11.00. However, applicants who have completed the 110 hour three tier Gas Fitter Educational Program as approved by the Board and described in 248 CMR 11.06 shall be exempt from having to obtain additional education. PG 7

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EMPLOYER CERTIFICATION OF APPLICANT HOURS IN GENERAL, EMPLOYERS MUST BE ABLE TO PROVIDE SOCIAL SECURITY RECORDS FOR THEIR EMPLOYEES WHEN THOSE EMPLOYEES SEEK A LICENSE. HOWEVER, THE BOARD HAS NOTED THAT CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS ARE UNABLE TO PRODUCE THOSE RECORDS AND HAS CHECKED “NO” ON THE RELEVANT FORM. THESE RECORDS ARE NECESSARY FOR THE BOARD AS THEY SHOW A SUPERVISORY EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP GENERALLY NECES- SARY FOR AN APPRENTICESHIP. WHEN SUCH A SITUATION TAKES PLACE, THE FORM SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE INCOMPLETE AND THE FOLLOWING POLICY APPLIES: A CERTIFICATION BY THE SUPERVISING MASTER PLUMBER/GAS- FITTER, UNDER PAINS AND PENALTIES OF PERJURY, THAT THE APPLICANT WAS NOT PAID FOR THE TIME THAT THEY WORKED. A COPY OF THE CONTRACT BETWEEN THE MASTER AND THE APPLICANT SHOWING AN AGREEMENT THAT THE WORK WAS UNPAID. PG 8

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A LIST OF JOBS, WITH CONTACT INFORMATION, TO ALLOW THE BOARD TO VERIFY INDEPENDENTLY THAT THE APPLICANT WORKED ON THOSE JOBS. IF THE RECORDS ARE UNAVAILABLE BECAUSE THE APPLICANT WAS ISSUED AN IRS 1099 FORM, THUS INDICATING SOCIAL SECURITY WAS NOT WITHHELD, THE FOLLOWING MUST OCCUR: THE EMPLOYING MASTER SHOULD BE NOTIFIED THAT THEY MAY CONTACT THE RELEVANT TAX AUTHORITIES IF THE USE OF THE 1099 WAS IN ERROR. IN THE EVENT THE MASTER DOES NOT CORRECT THE 1099 ISSUE AND BECOME ABLE TO PROVIDE SOCIAL SECURITY RECORDS, THEY MUST FILL IN AN AFFIDAVIT APPROVED BY THE BOARD REGARD- ING THE APPLICANT’S EMPLOYMENT. IN THIS INSTANCE THE EMPLOYER MAY ALSO BE REQUIRED TO APPEAR BEFORE THE BOARD. EMPLOYER CERTIFICATION OF APPLICANT HOURS CON. PG 9

Slide 12: 

IT IS THE OBLIGATION OF ALL MASTERS TO ADHERE TO THIS POLICY WHEN THEY AGREE TO TAKE ON AN APPRENTICE. FAILURE TO ADHERE TO THESE PROVISIONS CONSTITUTES UNPROFESSIONAL CONDUCT AND MAY SUBJECT THE MASTER TO DISCIPLINARY ACTION. AS THE APPLICATION IS CONSIDERED INCOMPLETE WITHOUT ADHERENCE TO THIS POLICY, AN APPLI- CANT MAY BE SUBJECT TO HAVING THEIR APPLICATION BEING RETURNED AS INCOMPLETE. SUCH AN APPLICANT MAY CHOOSE TO FILE A COMPLAINT AGAINST THE MASTER. IF SUCH A COM- PLAINT HAS BEEN FILED, THE BOARD WOULD HAVE JUSTIFICA- TION FOR GRANTING THE APPLICANT AN APPEARANCE BEFORE THE BOARD. THE BOARD MAY THEN BE WILLING TO CONSIDER ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE BY THE APPLICANT DEMONSTRATING THAT ALL LAWS AND REGULATIONS HAVE BEEN ADHERED TO AND THAT THE APPLICANT HAS ACCRUED THE REQUIRED EXPERIENCE FOR THE LICENSE SOUGHT. EMPLOYER CERTIFICATIONS OF APPLICANT HOURS CON. PG 10

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PG 11

Slide 14: 

Changes in the Plumbing and Gas Permit Applications PG 12 NEW PERMIT OLD PERMIT

Slide 15: 

Emergency Installations 248 CMR 4.03 Rule 3 In case of emergency a gas appliance may be turned on temporarily by the licensed installer provided: (a) The installer has tested the piping in accordance with the appropriate section of 248 CMR. (b) The installer and the supplier are satisfied that the installation of piping and use of the equipment will assure safe operation. (c) The inspector (or the chief inspector if more than one inspector) is notified and a regular inspection is made at the earlier opportunity but no later than the next working day. PG 13

Slide 16: 

Notification 248 CMR 3.05 It shall be the duty of the permit holder or the licensed plumber or gas fitter employed by the master plumber or gas fitter to give notice to the inspector when plumbing or gas fitting work is ready for inspection. The licensed plumber or gas fitter or the permit holder shall establish that the work will stand the prescribed test and that the roughing-in has been completed as far as practicable before giving the notification. If the inspector determines that the work will not pass the test and/or requirements of 248 CMR 3.00 through 10.00 necessary corrections shall be made and the work shall be resubmitted for inspection. PG 14

Slide 17: 

Covering of work 248 CMR 3.05 New plumbing and gas fitting work and such portions of existing systems that may be directly affected by new work shall not be covered until it has been tested if required by the inspector and the inspector has certified that the work is in compliance with M.G.L.C. 142 and 248 CMR 3.00 through 10.00. If new plumbing and gas fitting work and such portions of existing systems that may be directly affected by new work are covered before being tested and approved by the inspector, the work shall be uncovered for inspection after the inspector has issued a notice to uncover to the permit holder responsible. PG 15

Slide 18: 

CSST Update Regarding Counterstrike In 248 CMR Section 5.02 (4) other standards: It states, in applying NFPA-54, Reference should also be made to the manufacturer’s instructions. In all CSST installations, bonding requirements shall comply with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, for this reason, it is the Manufacturer’s responsibility to insure that the licensed installer’s have the current edition of the installation Instructions. This will help to eliminate confusion when and if the instructions are requested by the inspector. Based upon the amended verbiage listed in the latest edition of the Tracpipe installation instructions dated June 2009, in section 4.10A (3) the manufacturer states: unlike Tracpipe, there are no additional bonding requirements for Counterstrike imposed by the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Counterstrike is to be bonded in accordance with the National Electrical Code NFPA 70 Article 250.104 in the same manner as the minimum requirements for rigid metal piping. However, installers must always adhere to any local requirements that may conflict with these instructions. PG 16

Slide 19: 

Section 4.10 – Electrical Bonding/Grounding WARNING! FIRE/FUEL GAS PIPING The TracPipe flexible gas piping MUST be bonded to an effective ground-fault. Current path per NFPA 54 in accordance with the instructions contained in this section. It is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED to bond all mechanical systems to the building’s grounding electrode. Definitions: Grounding: The process of making an electrical connection to the general mass of the earth. This is most often accomplished with ground rods, ground mats or some other grounding system. Low resistance grounding is critical to the operation of lightning protection techniques. Bonding: The process of making an electrical connection between the grounding electrode and any equipment, appliance, or metal conductor pipes, plumbing, flues, etc. Equipment bonding serves to protect people and equipment in the event of an electrical fault. PG 17

Slide 20: 

Section 4.10 – Electrical Bonding/Grounding Cont. Equipotential Bonding: The process of making an electrical connection between the grounding electrode and any metal conductor: pipes, plumbing, flues, etc., which may be exposed to a lightning strike and can be a conductive path for lightning energy towards or away from the grounding electrode. 2. The TracPipe gas piping system shall be bonded in accordance with these instructions and the National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 54/ANSI Z223. In the event of a conflict between these instructions and local codes, the local codes shall control. The piping system is not to be used as a grounding conductor or electrode for an electrical system. PG 18

Slide 21: 

Section 4.10B – Bonding Conventional Yellow Jacketed Tracpipe For bonding of the conventional yellow-jacketed Tracpipe system, a bonding clamp must be attached to the brass AutoFlare fitting adapter (adjacent to the pipe thread area – See Figure 4-21) or to a black pipe component (pipe or fitting) located in the same electrically continuous gas piping system as the AutoFlare fitting. The corrugated stainless steel portion of the gas piping system SHALL NOT be used as the bonding attachment point under any circumstances. The bonding conductor shall be bonded per the National Electrical Code NFPA 70. Bonding electrode conductor sizing shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 Article 250, Section and Table 250.66 Note: TracPipe Bonding clamps have been tested and approved by CSA in Accordance with UL 467/CSA C22.2 No. 41-07 when installed on Black Iron/Galvanized steel pipe and TracPipe AutoFlare brass hex fittings (report #3000657, 5/2/08) PG 19

Slide 22: 

Section 4.10A Counterstrike Installation Instructions Counterstrike CSST with the black, protective sleeve uses the same easy to install AutoFlare fittings as conventional TracPipe with the yellow jacket. Counterstrike systems are sized in the same manner as TracPipe either using capacity tables or other approved methods. The instructions for cutting the tubing and for making fitting connections to CounterStrike are identical to standard yellow jacketed TracPipe. The jacket shall remain intact as much as practical when attaching the fitting. Unlike TracPipe, there are no additional bonding requirements for CounterStrike imposed by the manufacturer’s installation instructions. CounterStrike is to be bonded in accordance with the National Electrical Code NFPA 70 Article 250.104 in the same manner as the minimum requirements for rigid metal piping. However, installers must always adhere to any local requirements that may conflict with these instructions. Counterstrike meets building code requirements (ASTM E84) with respect to flame spread and smoke density. This permits installation in drop ceilings used as return air plenums. CounterStrike has thru penetration UL classifications for 1, 2, and 4 hours with the black jacket intact. PG 20

Slide 23: 

Section 4.10B – Bonding Conventional Yellow Jacketed Tracpipe Cont. IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTION -Failure to properly bond the conventional yellow-jacketed TracPipe flexible gas piping may lead to damage to the CSST system in the event of a lightning strike. -The lightning may arc to or from another metal system, creating a hole in the wall of the TracPipe CSST. -This presents a risk of fire in the building, and could lead to serious personal injury or significant property damage. 2. Lightning is a powerful and unpredictable natural force, and it has the capacity of damaging gas piping systems due to arcing between the gas piping system and other metallic systems in the building. 3. If the building to be piped is in a high lightning flash density area or a region with a high number of thunderstorm days per year, (figure 4-22) consideration should be given to utilizing the Lightning Risk Assessment method given in Annex L of NFPA 780 for a determination of the need for a lightning protection system. PG 21

Slide 24: 

Section 4.10B – Bonding Conventional Yellow Jacketed Tracpipe Cont. Notes: If possible, avoid running the bonding jumper a long distance through the building. The connection should be as short as possible. Gas meter should be near the electrical service if possible. If not, the bond can be connected at any point near the electrical service per figure 4-21. Lightning induced voltages seeking ground are subject to impedance; consider utilizing a braided or stranded bonding jumper for greater surface area, rather than solid wire. PG 22

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Requirements are the Same for standing pilots or electronic ignition A valve shall be located on the main gas line feeding the appliances served by the draft hood, and shall stop the flow of gas to the appliances upon loss of draft. No by-pass of gas solenoid valve is allowed Valves shall be controlled by a draft providing switch measuring draft within the hood allowing valve to open only when the fan is operational or damper 100% open Valves must be manually reset when lock out condition is correct, due to hood draft not proven. Reset shall not be automatic. Commercial cooking hoods Draft hood interlock requirements NFPA 54 10.3.5.2 2002 edition Next page PG 23

Slide 26: 

Questions from previous page What if I am only changing one appliance under the hood? Install valve on the one appliance Can I use an alternate device in lieu of the air switch to determine draft failure such as A C.O. detector? Yes If the following functions are included When device fails (or sunsets) it will leave the gas valve closed until replaced No by–pass allowed #4 An audible alarm shall sound when the C.O. level is reached #3 Detector shall be interlocked with gas valve. Gas valve shall be equipped with a manual reset integral or otherwise #2 C.O. detection must be taken from a minimum of two separate locations. 2. May be one location if manufacturer’s instructions allow. PG 24

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Air for Combustion and Ventilation 8.3.1 Air for combustion, ventilation, and dilution of flue gases for utilization equipment installed in buildings shall be obtained by application of one of the methods covered in 8.3.2 through 8.3.6. Where the requirements of 8.3.2 are not met, outdoor air shall be introduced in accordance with methods covered in 8.3.3 through 8.3.6. Exception No 1 – This provision shall not apply to direct vent appliances. Exception No 2 – Type I clothes dryers that are provided with makeup air in accordance with 9.43. Indoor Combustion Air 8.3.2 The required volume of indoor air shall be determined in accordance with the method in 8.3.2.1 or 8.3.2.2 except that where the air infiltration rate is known to be less than 0.40 ACH the method in 8.3.2.2 shall be used. The total required volume shall be the sum of the required volume calculated for all appliances located within the space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed through openings not furnished with doors, and through combustion air openings sized and located in accordance with 8.3.2.3 are considered a part of the required volume. PG 25

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INDOOR COMBUSTION AIR 8.3.2.1 THE TOTAL REQUIRED VOLUME SHALL BE THE SUM OF THE REQUIRED VOLUME CALCULATED FOR ALL APPLIANCES LOCATED WITHIN THE SPACE. ROOMS COMMUNICATING DIRECTLY WITH THE SPACE IN WHICH THE APPLIANCES ARE INSTALLED THROUGH OPENINGS NOT FURNISHED WITH DOORS, AND THROUGH COMBUSTION AIR OPENINGS SIZES AND LOCATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH 8.3.2.3 ARE CONSIDERED A PART OF THE REQUIRED VOLUME. OUTDOOR COMBUSTION AIR 8.3.3 OUTDOOR COMBUSTION AIR SHALL BE PROVIDED THROUGH OPENING(S) TO THE OUTDOORS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE METHODS IN 8.3.3.1 OR 8.3.3.2. THE MINIMUM DIMENSION OF AIR OPENINGS SHALL NOT BE LESS THAN 3 IN. TWO PERMANENT OPENINGS METHOD 8.3.3.1 TWO PERMANENT OPENINGS, ONE COMMENCING WITHIN 12 IN. OF THE TOP AND ONE COMMENCING WITHIN 12 IN OF THE BOTTOM OF THE ENCLOSURE. SHALL BE PROVIDED. THE OPENINGS SHALL COMMUNICATE DIRECTLY, OR BY DUCTS, WITH THE OUTDOORS OR SPACES THAT FREELY COMMUNICATE WITH THE OUTDOORS. PG 26

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TWO PERMANENT OPENINGS 8.3.3.1(2) PG 27 DUCTS MUST BE THE SAME AREA AS THE OPENINGS TO WHICH THEY CONNECT. VERTICAL DUCTS OR OPENINGS ARE SIZED AT A MINIMUM FREE AREA OF 1 IN.2 PER 4,000 BTU/HR OF THE TOTAL APPLIANCE INPUT INSTALLED IN THE SPACE. HORIZONTAL DUCTS ARE REQUIRED BY PARAGRAPH 8.3.3.1(2). TO HAVE A MINIMUM FREE AREA OF 1 IN.2 PER 2000 BTU/HR OF THE TOTAL APPLIANCE INPUT INSTALLED IN THE SPACE. THESE OPENINGS OR DUCTS CAN CONNECT TO SPACES (E.G. CRAWL OR ATTIC) THAT FREELY COMMUNICATE WITH THE OUTDOORS.

Slide 30: 

ALL AIR FROM OUTSIDE GAS GAS BOIL W H 1 SQ. IN. FOR EVERY 4000 BTU 12’’ 12’’ ALL AIR FROM OUTSIDE GAS GAS BOIL W H 1 SQ. IN. FOR EVERY 2000 BTU 12’’ 12’’ HORIZONTAL DUCTS 8.3.3.1 1 8.3.3.1 2 ALL AIR FROM INSIDE GAS GAS BOIL W H 1 SQ. IN. FOR EVERY 1000 BTU 12’’ 12’’ 8.3.2.3 1 PG 28

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Standard Method 8.3.2.1 The minimum required volume shall be 50 cubic ft per 1000 BTU/Hour PG 29

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38’ 28’ 8’ CU. FT. = 38’ X 28’ X 8’ = 8512 CU. FT. TOTAL BTU 140 000 8512 DIVIDE BY 140 CFH = 60.8 ANY THING OVER 50 DOES NOT REQUIRE ADDITIONAL COMBUSTION AIR 38’ 28’ 8’ ROOM VOLUMN X 20 8512 CU. FT. X 20 = 170 240 BTU APPLIANCES = 140 000 BTU 50 CU. FT OF COMBUSTION AIR FOR EVERY 1 000 BTU 50 X 140 CFH = 7 000 CU. FT 8512 8512

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COMBINATION INDOOR + OUTDOOR AIR 8.3.4 THE USE OF A COMBINATION OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR COMBUSTION AIR SHALL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH 1 THROUGH 3: INDOOR OPENINGS – WHERE USED, OPENINGS CONNECTING THE INTERIOR SPACES SHALL COMPLY WITH 8.3.2.3 OUTDOOR OPENINGS – OUTDOOR OPENINGS SHALL BE LOCATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH 8.3.3. THE OUTDOOR OPENING’S SIZE SHALL BE CALCULATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH: A) THE RATIO OF THE INTERIOR SPACES B) THE OUTDOOR SIZE REDUCTION FACTOR C) THE MINIMUM SIZE OF OUTDOOR OPENINGS PG 30 USING A COMBINATION OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR AIR TO MEET THE AIR REQUIREMENT FOR COMBUSTION, ADDRESSED IN SUBSECTION 8.3.4, HAS ADVANTAGES IN MANY INSTALLATIONS. IF THE REQUIRED VOLUME CANNOT BE OBTAINED INSIDE THE BUILDING, IT CAN BE USED TO MINIMIZE THE SIZE OF THE OPENINGS TO THE OUTDOORS. SMALLER OPENINGS MEAN LESS UNHEATED AND UN-AIR-CONDITIONED AIR LEAKAGE. THE REQUIREMENTS FOR SIZING THE OUTDOOR AIR OPENINGS ARE SIMILAR TO THE REQUIREMENTS FOR OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR ONLY BUT ALLOW PROPORTIONALLY SMALLER OPENINGS.

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CIRCULATING AIR 9.10.5 WHERE A DUCT FURNACE IS INSTALLED SO THAT SUPPLY DUCTS CARRY AIR CIRCULATED BY THE FURNACE TO AREAS OUTSIDE THE SPACE CONTAINING THE FURNACE, THE RETURN AIR SHALL ALSO BE HANDLED BY A DUCT SEALED TO THE FURNACE CASING AND TERMINATING OUTSIDE THE SPACE CONTAINING THE FURNACE. THE DUCT FURNACE SHALL BE INSTALLED ON THE POSITIVE-PRESSURE SIDE OF THE CIRCULATING AIR BLOWER. RULE I 4.03 GAS PIPING SYSTEMS, IN GENERAL, SHALL BE LOW PRESSURE (NOT IN EXCESS OF ½ POUND PER SQUARE INCH OR 14 INCHES WATER COLUMN) PG 31

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SPECIAL PERMISSION 3.0.4.3 (b) TO OBTAIN SPECIAL PERMISSION AN APPLICANT SHALL: 1) SUBMIT A REQUEST TO THE BOARD 2) AT THE BOARD’S REQUEST, APPEAR AT A BOARD WHERE THE REQUEST IS SCHEDULED TO BE DISCUSSED. (c) THE SPECIAL-PERMISSION REQUEST SHALL INCLUDE: 1) FEE 2) COMPLETED APPLICATION 3) A CERTIFICATION OF SYSTEM DESIGNED BY QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL 4) CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS STAMPED BY A MASS REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER 5) ANY OTHER REQUESTED DOCUMENTATION PG 32 (a) WHEN SAFETY IS OF SPECIAL CONSIDERATION, PROVISIONS OF 248 CMR 3.00 THROUGH 10.00 MAY REQUIRE THAT A LICENSEE OBTAIN SPECIAL PERMISSION FROM THE BOARD BEFORE INSTALLING OR USING A GIVEN PRODUCT, SYSTEM, DESIGN, OR METHOD. 248 CMR 4.03 RULE 1 GAS PIPING SYSTEMS, IN GENERAL, SHALL BE LOW PRESSURE (NOT IN EXCESS OF ½ POUND PER SQUARE INCH OR 14 INCHES WATER COLUMN)

Slide 36: 

PG 33 SPECIAL PERMISSION GAS REQUEST APPLICATION FORM

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MODIFICATIONS 5.02 CHAPTER 1 REVISE NFPA-54 SECTION 1.1.1.1 (B) AS FOLLOWS: ALL GAS PIPING SYSTEMS, IN GENERAL FOR ALL BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES SHALL BE LOW PRESSURE (NOT IN EXCESS OF ½ P.S.I.G. OR 14 INCH WATER COLUMN) ALL LOW PRESSURE GAS PIPING SYSTEMS SHALL BE DESIGNED USING A MAXIMUM 0.5 INCH WATER COLUMN PRESSURE DROP. SPECIAL-PERMISSION MAY BE GRANTED FOR ELEVATED PRESSURE (GREATER THAN ½ P.S.I.G. OR 14 INCH WATER COLUMN) WHEN GAS UTILIZATION EQUIPMENT SPECIFICALLY REQUIRES HIGHER PRESSURE, OR WHEN A DESIGNED LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM REQUIRES PIPE SIZES IN EXCESS OF FOUR INCH I.P.S. AN ELEVATED PRESSURE SPECIAL PERMISSION REQUEST FORM SPECIFIED BY THE BOARD SHALL BE FILLED OUT COMPLETELY AND SUBMITTED TO THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY FOR THE BOARD. IF THE BOARD GRANTS SPECIAL PERMISSION, A COPY SHALL BE FILED WITH THE INSPECTOR BEFORE THE COMMENCEMENT OF ANY WORK. PG 34

Slide 38: 

MODIFICATIONS TO CMR 5.03 CHAPTER 3 REPLACE NFPA-54 SECTION 5.5.1 WITH THE FOLLOWING: ELEVATED PRESSURE PIPING TO BE LABELED: PIPING SUPPLYING GAS AT A PRESSURE GREATER THAN ½ P.S.I.G OR 14 INCH WATER COLUMN SHALL BE LABELED: A) MINIMUM OF EVERY TEN FEET. B) AT ALL CHANGES IN DIRECTION. C) ON EACH SIDE OF A PENETRATION THROUGH A PARTITION, WALL, OR CEILING. D) AT EVERY GAS SHUTOFF VALVE. E) THE LABELS SHALL: 1) COLORED YELLOW WITH BLACK LETTERING 2) TYPE OF GAS AND PRESSURE CONTAINED WITHIN THE PIPE 3) THE LETTERS SHALL BE SIZED SO THAT THE LABELING CAN BE READ WHEN STANDING AT THE MAIN FLOOR LEVEL PG 35

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HOW TO CROSS REFERENCE 248 CMR (MASSACHUSETTS CODE) WITH NFPA 54 (NATIONAL CODE) PG 36

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140 000 200 000 75 000 160 000 150 000 50 000 190’ 1/4 8 3/8 19 35 1/2 72 3/4 S 1’’ 11/4 11/2 2’’ 135 A B C D E F G H I J K A = 160 CFH = 11/4’’ B = 140 CFH = 11/4’’ C = 300 CFH = 11/2’’ D = 150 CFH = 11/4’’ E = 450 CFH = 2’’ F = 275 CFH = 11/4’’ G = 75 CFH = 1’’ H = 200 CFH = 11/4’’ I = 725 CFH = 2’’ J = 50 CFH = 3/4’’ K = 775 CFH = 2’’ 200 280 430 800 LONGEST LENGTH METHOD PG 37

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PG 38

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48 000 42 000 28 000 23 000 6 000 6’ 3’ 5’ 4’ 4’ 3’ 3’ 5’ 8’ 7’ 5’ 4’ 35’ Table 12.2 40’ 1/4 20 3/8 45 82 1/2 170 3/4 S 1’’ 11/4 11/2 2’’ 320 660 990 1900 M A B C D E F G H I E = 48 CFH = 1/2’’ I = 23 CFH = 3/8’’ D = 71 CFH = 1/2’’ G = 28 CFH = 3/8’’ C = 99 CFH = 3/4’’ H = 6 CFH = 1/4’’ F = 42 CFH = 3/8’’ B = 105 CFH = 3/4’’ A = 147 CFH = 3/4’’ LONGEST LENGTH METHOD PG 39

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140 000 200 000 75 000 160 000 150 000 50 000 190’ 1/4 8 3/8 19 35 1/2 72 3/4 S 1’’ 11/4 11/2 2’’ 135 A B C D E F G H I J K A = 160 CFH = 190’ =11/4’’ B = 140 CFH = 135’ =1’’ C = 300 CFH = 11/2’’ D = 150 CFH = 130’ =1’’ E = 450 CFH = 2’’ F = 275 CFH = 110’ = 11/4’’ G = 75 CFH = 110’ =1’’ H = 200 CFH = 110’ = 11/4’’ I = 725 CFH = 2’’ J = 50 CFH = 95’ = 1/2’’ K = 775 CFH = 2’’ 200 280 430 800 20’ 25’ 35’ 25’ 15’ 25’ 30’ 15’ 10 22 40 84 160 35’ 150 325 500 950 30’ 10’ 10’ 125 11 24 44 93 175 360 550 1020 40’ 100 12 27 50 103 195 400 620 1150 BRANCH METHOD PG 40

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M 45’ A 3’ 8’ 2’ 7’ 5’ 5’ 8’ 7’ 5’ 6’ 4’ 5’ 10’ 28 000 25 000 LEN.= 70’ TOTAL = 221 BTU B C D E F G TABLE 7 - 7 52 000 36 000 80 000 3/8’’ = 13 EHD 1/2’’ = 18 EHD 3/4’’ = 23 EHD 1’’ = 31 EHD F = 28 CFH 45’ + 25’ = 70’ = 3/8’’ G = 25 CFH 45’ + 25’ = 70’ = 3/8’’ CSST A = 221 CFH 70 FT. = 1 IN B = 80 CFH 45 FT. + 15 FT. = 60 FT. = 1/2 IN C = 36 CFH 45 FT. + 10 FT. = 55 FT. = 1/2 IN. D = 52 CFH 45 FT. + 20 FT. = 65 FT. 1/2 IN. E = 28 + 25 = 53 CFH 45 FT. + 25 FT. = 70 FT. = 1/2 IN. PG 41

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HOW MUCH PIPE WOULD IT TAKE TO GO DIAGONALLY ACROSS THIS BUILDING? 37 FT. 37 FT. 37 X 1.41 = 52.17 PG 42 O A T 21.15’ X .707’ 15’ 1.41’ X 37’ 14.95’ 52.17’ 52.17’

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PG 43 MANUFACTURER’S RECOMMENDATIONS

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PG 44 FIREPLACE FURNACE WATER HEATER

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PG 45 CHAPTER 148. FIRE PREVENTION Chapter 148: Section 25E. Residential gas appliances; sale or installation Section 25E. As used in this section, the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:— “Gas appliance”, any furnace, air conditioner, heater, refrigerator, stove, range, dishwasher, clothes dryer, clothes washer, or other such device, which uses a gaseous fuel other than propane for the operation thereof, and which is manufactured after June first, nineteen hundred and eighty-eight and is automatically ignited by a means other than an intermittent ignition device, but not including a water heater which heats water for domestic use, a kitchen heating range or a space heater. “Automatic gas appliance”, any furnace, air conditioner, heater, refrigerator, stove, range, dishwasher, clothes dryer, clothes washer, or other such device, which uses a gaseous fuel other than propane for the operation thereof, and which is manufactured after the effective date of this section, and is automatically ignited by an intermittent ignition device, but not including a water heater which heats water for domestic use, a kitchen heating range or a space heater.

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PG 46 CHAPTER 148. FIRE PREVENTION CONT. “Residence”, any building or structure in this state used principally for dwelling purposes, including, but not limited to single and multiple family dwellings or residences of any nature, including apartments, apartment buildings, apartment projects, condominiums and manufactured homes, but not including hotels or motels. “Intermittent ignition device”, a device which ignites an automatic gas appliance to begin normal operation thereof, and which is activated only at the time such automatic gas appliance is to be so ignited. It shall be unlawful to:— (a) Sell or offer for sale by advertisement or otherwise or display for sale of gas appliances for use in, or in connection with, a residence. (b) Install or cause to be installed a gas appliance in a residence. (c) Import into the commonwealth a gas appliance for use in, or in connection with, a residence.

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PG 47 CHAPTER 148. FIRE PREVENTION CONT. (d) Deliver in the commonwealth after sale or pursuant to a contract for a sale of a gas appliance for use in, or in connection with, a residence. (e) Sell or display for sale an automatic gas appliance, for use in, or in connection with a residence, unless such automatic gas appliance is labeled in a manner visible to the purchaser or prospective purchaser with the words “intermittent ignition”. Any violation of the provisions of this section shall be punished by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars for each such violation; provided, however, that each day of a continuing violation shall constitute a separate and distinct offense.

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SHEET METAL LICENSE LAW IN AUGUST OF 2008 THE LEGISLATURE ENACTED CHAPTER 232 OF THE ACTS OF 2008, CREATING A NEW LICENSE FOR SHEET METAL WORKERS, AND WITHIN THE DIVISION OF PROFESSIONAL LICENSURE, A NEW BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF SHEET METAL WORKERS. THE NEW LAW DEFINES SHEET METAL WORK AS: THE MANUFACTURING, FABRICATION, ASSEMBLING, HANDLING, ERECTION, INSTALLATION, DISMANTLING, ALTERATION AND REPAIRING OF ALL COMMERCIAL DUCT OR AIR EXHAUST SYSTEMS EXCEPT FOR REFRIGERATION AND COMBUSTION UNITS; INSTALLATION OF COMMERCIAL FANS, SHEAVES, BELT GUARDS, DAMPERS, LOUVERS, SCREENS, REGISTERS, GRILLS, DIFFUSERS, SOUND TRAPS, ATTENUATORS, MIXING BOXES AND ACCESS DOORS IN CONNECTION WITH DUCT OR AIR EXHAUST SYSTEMS, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURAL SHEET METAL FLASHING; THE TESTING, ADJUSTING AND AIR BALANCING OF ALL AIR HANDLING EQUIPMENT AND DUCTWORK INSTALLED DURING NEW OR REMODELING CONSTRUCTION, THE INSTALLATION OF COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL KITCHEN HOODS, KITCHEN VENTS, BATHROOM EXHAUST VENTS AND FANS; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT SHEET METAL WORK SHALL NOT INCLUDE THE WORK CONDUCTED BY A LICENSED PIPE FITTER, OIL BURNING TECHNICIAN, REFRIGERATION TECHNICIAN, PLUMBER OR GASFITTER AS DETERMINED BY THE LAWS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO THOSE PROFESSIONS; AND PROVIDED FURTHER, THAT NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO SUPERSEDE CHAPTERS 142 AND 146. PG 48

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SHEET METAL LICENSE LAW CONT. THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF SHEET METAL WORKERS HAS APPROVED DRAFT REGULATIONS THAT WILL HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON THE WORK OF PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS. EXHAUST OF THE PRODUCTS OF COMBUSTION IS EXEMPT FROM THESE REGULATIONS BECAUSE IT IS CURRENTLY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS. HOWEVER, INSTALLATION OF SHEET METAL IN COMMERCIAL OR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS WILL REQUIRE A PERMIT AND INSTALLATION BY A LICENSED SHEET METAL WORKER. SPECIFICALLY, WHEN A PLUMBER OR GAS FITTER REPLACES A FURNACE, CONNECTING THE NEW FURNACE TO THE EXISTING DUCT WORK WILL REQUIRE A SHEET METAL PERMIT AND INSTALLATION BY A LICENSED SHEET METAL WORKER. PG 49

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PG 50

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION A LICENSED GAS APPRENTICE WHOSE LICENSE HAS NOT BEEN RENEWED FOR FAILURE TO OBTAIN A JOURNEYMAN LICENSE MAY PETITION THE BOARD FOR RE-INSTATEMENT. IF A LICENSE HAS EXPIRED FOR MORE THAN 4 YEARS, LICENSEES MUST COMPLETE CONTINUING EDUCATION HOURS FOR THE CURRENT RENEWAL CYCLE & PASS A FULL BOARD EXAMINATION. WITHOUT SPECIAL BOARD APPROVAL, NO WAIVERS OF CONTINUING EDUCATION GRANTED UNDER ANY OTHER SECTION OF THE REGULATIONS SHALL APPLY FOR THE PURPOSE OF RE-INSTATING A LAPSED OR EXPIRED LICENSE. IF RECORDS ARE UNAVAILABLE BECAUSE THE APPLICANT WAS ISSUED AN IRS 1099 FORM, THE EMPLOYING MASTER SHOULD BE NOTIFIED THAT THEY MAY CONTACT THE RELEVANT TAX AUTHORITY. PG 51

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED IF NEW PLUMBING & GASFITTING WORK IS COVERED PRIOR TO INSPECTION, THE WORK SHALL BE UNCOVERED & INSPECTED. IF PLUMBING & GAS WORK IS COVERED PRIOR TO INSPECTION, THE RESPONSIBILITY RESTS WITH THE PERMIT HOLDER. A JOURNEYMAN GASFITTER APPLYING FOR ADMISSION TO A MASTER GASFITTER’S EXAMINATION WOULD NOT BE REQUIRED TO ATTEND 50 CLOCK HRS. OF GASFITTING THEORY PROVIDED THE APPLICANT HAS COMPLETED TIER 3 OF THE GAS FITTING PROGRAM. A VALVE SHALL BE LOCATED ON THE MAIN GAS LINE FEEDING AN APPLIANCE SERVED BY A HOOD & SHALL STOP THE FLOW OF GAS TO THE APPLIANCE UPON LOSS OF DRAFT. PG 52

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED TO OBTAIN SPECIAL PERMISSION AN APPLICANT SHALL: SUBMIT A REQUEST TO THE BOARD APPEAR AT THE BOARD WHEN THE REQUEST IS SCHEDULED TO BE DISCUSSED. FOLLOW THE DECISION OF THE BOARD ELEVATED GAS PRESSURE MAY BE GRANTED WITH A REQUEST FOR SPECIAL PERMISSION TO THE BOARD. ELEVATED PRESSURE GAS PIPING SHALL BE LABELED: A MINIMUM OF EVERY 10 FT. ON EACH CHANGE IN DIRECTION ON EACH SIDE OF A WALL OR CEILING PENETRATION THE LABELS FOR ELEVATED PRESSURE GAS PIPING SHALL: BE COLORED YELLOW CONTAIN THE TYPE OF GAS PRESSURE THE LETTER ON THE LABELS SHALL BE CAPABALE OF BEING READ WHEN STANDING ON THE MAIN FLOOR LEVEL PG 53

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED THE LOCATIONS OF A DIRECT VENT TERMINAL SHALL BE ACCORDING TO THE MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS. THE EXIT TERMINAL FOR A DIRECT VENTED TERMINAL SHALL BE A MINIMUM OF 3 FT FROM A SOURCE OF IGNITION. THE SIGN OF IDENTIFYING A DIRECT VENTED TERMINAL SHALL BE A MINIMUM OF 8 FT ABOVE GRADE. A DEVICE WHICH IGNITES AN AUTOMATIC GAS APPLIANCE TO BEGIN NORMAL OPERATIONS THERE OF, & WHICH IS ACTIVATED ONLY AT THE TIME SUCH AUTOMATIC GAS APPLIANCE IS TO BE IGNITED IS A INTERMITTENT IGNITION DEVICE. A DIRECT VENT EXIT TERMINAL LESS THAN 7 FT ABOVE GRADE SHALL REQUIRE SIGNAGE LOCATING THE VENT. PG 54

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED THE HEATING VALUE OF NATURAL GAS IS 1000 BTU PER HR FOR EVERY CU. FT OF GAS. COMBUSTION AIR COMBINING SPACES ON THE SAME STORY SHALL HAVE A MINIMUM OF 1 SQ. IN. PER 1000 BTU PER HR. WHERE COMBUSTION AIR IS COMMUNING WITH THE OUTDOORS THROUGH VERTICAL DUCTS, EACH OPENING SHALL HAVE A MINIMUM FREE AREA OF 1 SQ. IN. PER 4000 BTU PER HR. A ROUGH TEST FOR A NEW GAS PIPING SYSTEM SHALL CONSIST OF 3 PSI FOR 10 MINUTES. THE FEE FOR A SPECIAL PERMISSION APPLICATION IS $75 IF A PLUMBING OR GAS INSPECTION DETERMINES THAT THE WORK WILL NOT PASS INSPECTION, NECESSARY CORRECTIONS SHALL BE MADE & THE WORK RE-SUBMITTED FOR INSPECTION. PG 55

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED IF A LICENSED PLUMBER OR GASFITTER FAILS TO OBTAIN A FINAL INSPECTION, NO FURTHER PERMITS SHALL BE GRANTED. IF THE PRESSURE IN A NATURAL GAS SYSTEM EXCEEDS 5 PSI WELDED JOINTS ARE REQUIRED. TO DESIGN A MULTI STORY VENT SYSTEM REQUIRES GAS INPUT, RISE, & AVAILABLE TOTAL HEIGHT. ACCEPTABLE TO THE AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION MEANS APPROVED. DILUTION AIR IS INTRODUCED TO THE VENT SYSTEM OF A GAS WATER HEATER THROUGH THE DRAFT HOOD. A PASSAGE WAY VERTICALLY OR NEARLY SO USED TO CONVEY FLUE GASES FROM GAS UTILIZATION EQUIPMENT, OR THEIR VENT CONNECTORS TO THE OUTSIDE ATMOSPHERE IS A VENT. PG 56

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SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION CONTINUED WHEN PERFORMING A GAS TEST, THE TEST PRESSURE GAUGE SHALL BE CALIBRATED IN INCREMENTS OF NOT GREATER THAN 1/10 LBS. PERMANENTLY REMOVING A GAS APPLIANCE REQUIRES A GAS PERMIT. IN ALL CASES THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR OBSERVING THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CODE RESTS WITH THE PERMIT HOLDER. PG 57

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CONGRATULATIONS! You have completed the SESSION 3 course! Below are links to 2 tests. If you are a Gasfitter, you are only required to complete the SESSION 3 GAS TEST: 1st test: Continuing Education Session 3 - Plumbing 2nd test: Continuing Education Session 3 - Gas On your computer keyboard, please press the “Esc” key located at the top left corner. This will take you out of fullscreen mode. This is required if you want to continue to take the tests. Once you have pressed the “Esc” key and are out of fullscreen mode, please click the two links below: Good Luck! Continuing Education Session 3 - PLUMBING TEST Continuing Education Session 3 - GAS TEST

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