Prevention of Diabetes07

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

By: angelaforesythe (149 month(s) ago)

What a nice presentation. I am a Nursing student can I be allowed to down load please? Thanks Angela [email protected]

Presentation Transcript

Preventing Diabetes: 

Preventing Diabetes Cecilia Sauter MS, RD, CDE Diabetes Self-Management Education Program University of Michigan

Slide2: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1990 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide3: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1991-92 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide4: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1993-94 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide5: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995-96 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide6: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide7: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1997-98 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide8: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1999 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide9: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2000 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Slide10: 

Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2001 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1).

Diabetes in the US: 

Diabetes in the US Currently 20.8 million have diabetes 14.6 million have the diagnosis 6.2 million don’t know they have diabetes

Etiology of Diabetes: 

Etiology of Diabetes Family history Ethnicity African American Native American Hispanic Asian Americans Pacific Islanders Age Gestational Diabetes or babies over 9 pounds

Etiology of Diabetes: 

Etiology of Diabetes Increased weight BMI: overweight = 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2 obese andgt; 30.0 kg/m2 Increased central (i.e., visceral) obesity Waist circumference: Men andgt; 40 in Women andgt; 35 in Decreased activity

Metabolism without Diabetes: 

Metabolism without Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI SI S S Body Blood

Metabolism without Diabetes: 

Metabolism without Diabetes Insulin Sugar S S S S S S S Blood Body S

Metabolism with Diabetes: 

Metabolism with Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI S S S Body Blood S S S

Metabolism with Diabetes: 

Metabolism with Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI S S S Body Blood S S S S

Slide18: 

FBG: 80-125 10-30 years Insulin Resistance Insulin Production Glucose Intolerance Diagnosis of Diabetes Fasting Blood Glucose Progression of Diabetes

Pre-diabetes: 

Pre-diabetes 2000 40 % of people aged 40-74 years 41 million 2002 54 million

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Diabetes Prevention Program Lifestyle changes Changes in eating habits Increase in physical activity 58% reduction in type 2 diabetes

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Weight loss 5% to 10% weight loss Weight loss rate of 1 to 2 lb/week Decrease of 300 to 500 kcal/day = 1/2 to 1 lb weight loss/week Increased physical activity and/or decreased food intake

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Decrease total fat intake smaller amounts of high fat foods broiling/stir fry vs. frying remove skin from chicken substitute with low calorie/low-fat foods

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Increase fruits and vegetables Whole grains vs. processed Include dry beans and lentils Drink water andamp; calorie free drinks Cut back on high calorie snacks Watch portion sizes

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Rate your plate ¼ grains or starchy foods ¼ protein ½ non starchy vegetables Add 1 glass milk or small piece of fruit

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Physical Activity Benefits: Increases insulin sensitivity Decreases weight Decreases blood pressure and cholesterol Decreases stress DECREASES risk of type 2 diabetes

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Physical Activity Recommendations: 30 minutes/day for 5 to 7 days a week 10 minutes of activity 3 times/day

Prevention of Diabetes: 

Prevention of Diabetes Getting started: What activities can you do Realistic activities Start slow: What, when, where, how often, how long Challenging but not overly difficult Be flexible Reward yourself

Calories Spent in Various Activities : 

Calories Spent in Various Activities Walking, 3.0 miles/hr Walking 5 miles/hr Cycling, 8 miles/hour Mopping, vacuuming Scrubbing floors Gardening Vigorous dancing 275/hr 420/hr 325/hr 240/hr 300/hr 220/hr 320-500/hr

Fad Diets: 

Fad Diets Watch for rapid weight loss Loss of muscle mass and water vs. fat Expensive

Nutritional Supplements: 

Nutritional Supplements They DO not reduce risk of Type 2 Diabetes Safety is uncertain No scientific evidence to aid in weight loss Expensive

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes: 

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Positive family history Ethnic group Increased weight and/or central obesity Gestational diabetes or big babies Decreased activity Symptoms of diabetes Increased thirst, increased urination andamp; weight loss

Diagnostic Criteria for Type 2 Diabetes: 

Diagnostic Criteria for Type 2 Diabetes Fasting blood sugar andgt; 126 mg/dl 2 hour glucose tolerance andgt; 200 mg/dl Acute symptoms plus random glucose andgt; 200 mg/dl

Impaired Glucose Tolerance“Pre-diabetes”: 

Impaired Glucose Tolerance 'Pre-diabetes' Impaired Fasting: Level between andgt;100 mg/dl and andlt;126 mg/dl Impaired glucose: During 2 hour glucose tolerance test Level between andgt;140 and andlt;200 mg/dl

Thank you: 

Thank you If you would like a copy of this presentation please send an email to: [email protected] Questions?

authorStream Live Help