Invitation to the Old Testament 29: Nehemiah

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

An introductory survey of the Old Testament book of Nehemiah from a conservative evangelical viewpoint.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

NEHEMIAH:

NEHEMIAH The Walls Go Up

Introduction: A Historical Overview:

Introduction: A Historical Overview A. The Abrahamic Covenant is given. (Genesis 12:1-3) ~ God promises Abraham seed, a land, and to bless all the nations through him. (ca. 2090 B.C.) B. The 75 members of Jacob's family descend into Egypt and live there 430 years. (1876 - 1446 B.C.) C. Israel emerges from Egypt under the leadership of Moses and moves into Canaan. (1406 - 1389 B.C.) D. Israel is ruled by the Judges and later by three kings (Saul, David, and Solomon [1389 – 931 B.C.])

Introduction: A Historical Overview:

Introduction: A Historical Overview E. Under Rehoboam Israel divides into two kingdoms, northern and southern. The Northern Kingdom is destroyed by Assyria in 722 B.C. The Southern Kingdom is deported to Babylon in three stages, with the last coming in 586 B.C. 2 Chronicles 36:18 & 19 describe the destruction. F. The Babylonian Empire falls to Cyrus and his Medo - Persian Empire. (539 B.C.) G. Cyrus issues an edict allowing all the captives Babylon took to return home (538 B.C.). Two hundred years earlier Isaiah had predicted this would happen and even called Cyrus by name (Isaiah 44:24, 28; 45:1- 4). By permitting the captives to return home Cyrus was hoping to win the favor of the captives' gods.

Introduction: A Historical Overview:

Introduction: A Historical Overview H. Zerubbabel , a prince, and Joshua, a high priest, lead back home the first group of Jewish captives in 536 B.C. I. Ezra led the second group back in 458 B.C. His primary concern was the spiritual welfare of Jerusalem. King Artaxerxes allowed him to return hoping that his presence might promote stability in an unstable part of the world. J. Nehemiah led the third group back in 445 B.C. His primary concern was the physical welfare of Jerusalem. King Artaxerxes allowed him to return perhaps hoping that Nehemiah would keep him abreast of any regional unrest.

Introduction: A Historical Overview:

Introduction: A Historical Overview Besides providing Israel with a gifted leader and someone to lead in the reconstruction of the walls, Nehemiah's arrival paved the way for King Jesus' arrival. "In this book (Nehemiah), everything is restored except the King. The temple is rebuilt, Jerusalem is reconstructed, the covenant is renewed, and the people are reformed. The Messianic line is intact, but the King is yet to come" ( from The Open Bible ). When Artaxerxes permitted Nehemiah to lead this return and rebuild the walls, it signaled the beginning of the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy of 70 weeks in Daniel 9:24-27. The return under Nehemiah started the countdown to Messiah's triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday.

What do we know about the statesman Nehemiah?:

What do we know about the statesman Nehemiah? A. The name Nehemiah means "comfort of the Lord". B. He led the third return of Jews from Babylonian Captivity in 445 B.C. C. In Babylon Nehemiah was the cupbearer to King Artaxerxes . D. In Jerusalem Nehemiah led his countrymen in rebuilding the city walls.

When did the events of Nehemiah take place?:

When did the events of Nehemiah take place? The date was between 494 – 425 B.C.

What is the primary message of Nehemiah?:

What is the primary message of Nehemiah? The theme of Nehemiah is the return of the exiles under Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem’s walls.

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like?:

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like? ~ This book can be easily divided into two sections: chapters 1 - 7 deal with the reconstruction of the walls, a physical project; and chapters 8 - 13 deal with the restoration of the people, a spiritual project. A more detailed outline would be:

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like?:

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like? A. The Return of Nehemiah (1 - 7) 1. The Return to Jerusalem (1, 2) 2. Rebuilding the Walls (3 - 7) a. The work on the wall (3) b. Opposition (4:1 - 6:14) c. Completion of the wall (6:15, 16) d. The register of returnees (7)

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like?:

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like? B. The Renewal of the Covenant (8 - 10) 1. The Reading of the Law (8:1-8) 2. The Response of the People (8:9-18) 3. The Repentance of the People (9) 4. The Ratification of the Covenant (10)

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like?:

What would an overview of Nehemiah look like? C. The Reform under Nehemiah (11 - 13) 1. Repopulating the Cities (11:1 - 12:26) 2. Rededication of the Wall (12:27-47) 3. Reformation of the People (13) a. Cleansing of Temple (13:1-9) b. Return of Levites (13:10-14) c. Sanctifying of Sabbath (13:15-22) d. Confronting Mixed Marriages (13:23-31)

Specifics:

Specifics A. Until 1448 A.D. the books of Ezra and Nehemiah were recorded as one book: the Book of Ezra. Both Ezra (7:27) and Nehemiah (2:4-6) stress God’s sovereignty. God's sovereignty has been defined as "the absolute right that God has to run the universe as He wants because He created it for His own purposes and glory".

Specifics:

Specifics 1. Proverbs says, "The king's heart is in the hand of the Lord, as the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever He will." Because God had a hold of Cyrus' and Artaxerxes ' hearts, they allowed Zerubbabel , Ezra, and Nehemiah to lead these returns.

Specifics:

Specifics 2. God doesn't make people do things. That would violate their free will. God makes people want to do things. These two kings really wanted to let the Jews go home.

Specifics:

Specifics 3. Cyrus and Artaxerxes allowed the Jews to return home for selfish reasons but God still used that for His glory. God can make even the wrath of man to praise Him.

Specifics:

Specifics B. God always looks out for His people. We see this proven throughout Jewish history. This doesn't mean however that God will fail to punish His people when they step out of line.

Specifics:

Specifics C. In Isaiah 49:15 & 16 God asks, "Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee. Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me. " Having cited this passage Chuck Swindoll observes, "What the walls were to Jerusalem, our lives are before God." There are times that the physical walls of our lives need attention (when undergoing a change of careers; after moving into a new area; starting over after a financial

Specifics:

Specifics catastrophe; trying to get on with life after divorce or a death; when moving out on your own or moving up in the world). There are times that the spiritual walls of our lives need attention (when the Bible reads like ancient history; when prayer seems like wasted energy; when church is a hassle; when God's commandments seem burdensome). Through the book of Nehemiah we gain valuable insights on how to fix the broken areas of life.

authorStream Live Help