Purine(Uric acid) Table for reducing Gout attack

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purine table and information Page 1 HIGHEST IN PURINES 400 mg. uric acid/100 g and higher Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutrition Density in mg/MJ Fish sardines in oil 480 399 560 519.5 Liver Calfs 460 837.5 Mushroom flat edible Boletus dried 488 932.8 Neck sweet bread Calfs 1260 3012.9 Ox liver 554 1013.3 Ox spleen 444 1052.6 Pigs heart 530 1382 Pigs liver 515 937.9 Pigs lungs lights 434 911.2 Pigs spleen 516 1208.2 Sheeps spleen 773 1702.6 Sprat smoked 804 795.6 Theobromine 2300 1611.3 Yeast Bakers 680 2071.3 Yeast Brewers 1810 1866.6 MODERATELY HIGH IN PURINES 100 to 400 mg. uric acid/100g Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Bean seed white dry 128 127.1 Bean Soya seed dry 190 139.1 Beef chuck 120 192 Beef fillet 110 216.4 Beef fore rib entrecote 120 185.4 Beef muscles only 133 292.1

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purine table and information Page 2 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Beef roast beef sirloin 110 110 120 201.4 Beef shoulder 110 203.9 Black gram mungo bean seed dry 222 194.3 Caviar real 144 141.6 Chicken breast with skin 175 288.4 Chicken chicken for roasting average 115 165.8 Chicken boiling fowl average 159 149.2 Chicken leg with skin without bone 110 152.2 Duck average 138 146.2 Fish Anchovy 239 560 Fish Carp 160 330.9 Fish Cod 109 335.9 Fish Haddock 139 425.2 Fish Halibut 178 439.9 Fish Herring roe 190 342.4 Fish Herring Atlantic 210 216.9 Fish Herring Matje cured 219 197.6 Fish Mackerel 145 95 194 191.2 Fish Pike-perch 110 311.3 Fish Redfish ocean perch 241 544.1 Fish Saithe coalfish 163 473.4 Fish salmon 170 110 250 202 Fish sardine pilchard 345 693.2 Fish Sole 131 125 137 376.2 Fish trout 297 686.7 Fish Tuna 257 273.7

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purine table and information Page 3 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Fish Tuna in oil 290 246.2 Goose 165 116.7 Grape dried raisin sultana 107 86.4 Ham cooked 131 248.1 Heart Sheeps 241 367.6 Horse meat 200 438.8 Kidney Calfs 218 419.6 Lamb muscles only 182 371 Lentil seed dry 127 114.45 164.65 93.8 Linseed 105 67.4 Liver chicken 243 426.3 Lobster 118 60 175 346.4 Lungs Calfs 147 389.1 Mussel 112 391.5 Ox heart 256 504.3 Ox kidney 269 569.5 Ox lungs lights 399 961.4 Ox tongue 160 186 Peas chick garbanzo seed dry 109 84.2 Pigs kidney 334 784.5 Pigs tongue 136 208.2 Pike 140 406.7 Poppy seed seed dry 170 86 Pork belly 100 80 110 92.3 Pork belly raw smoked dried 127 82.6

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purine table and information Page 4 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Pork chop with bone 145 140 150 260 Pork chuck 140 135 145 170.4 Pork fillet 150 145 150 334.8 Pork hip bone hind leg 120 115 130 155 Pork leg hind leg 160 150 160 357.4 Pork muscles only 166 374.9 Pork shoulder with skin blade of shoulder 150 145 150 165.2 Rabbit meat average with bone 132 95 150 207.7 Rabbit/Hare average 105 219.4 Sausage "Jagdwurst" 112 127.8 Sausage salami German 104 65.9 Sausage liver liverwurst 165 122.2 Sausages frying from pork 101 80.2 Scallop 136 505.8 Shrimp brown 147 60 234 397.9 Spleen Calfs 343 815.9 Sunflower seed dry 143 59.5 Turkey young animal average with skin 150 237.3 Veal chop cutlet with bone 140 309.6 Veal fillet 140 347.3 Veal knuckle with bone 150 140 160 353.2 Veal leg of veal with bone 150 140 150 310.2 Veal muscles only 172 438.7 Veal neck with bone 150 326.9 Veal shoulder 140 309.3

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purine table and information Page 5 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Venison back 105 205 Venison haunch leg 138 105 154 336.5 LOWEST IN PURINES 100 mg. uric acid/100 g and le Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Almond sweet 37 15.7 Apple 14 60.1 Apricot 73 71.6 Artichoke 78 834.6 Asparagus 23 19.71 29.57 310.9 Aubergine 21 290 Avocado 19 20.9 Bamboo Shoots 29 402.1 Banana 57 152.4 Barley without husk whole grain 96 71.1 Bean sprouts Soya 80 378.3 Beans French string beans haricot 37 20 43 266.9 Beans French dried 45 40 50 39.4 Beef corned German 57 96.5 Beer alcohol free 8.1 75.4 Beer Pilsner lager beer regular beer German 13 75.2 Beer real light 14 86 Beet root 19 15 21 108.5 Bilberry blueberry huckleberry 22 143.7 Brain Calfs 92 203.1 Bread wheat flour or white bread 14 13.9

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purine table and information Page 6 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Broccoli 81 691.6 Brussels sprouts 69 456 Cabbage red 32 19.79 36.62 350.2 Cabbage savoy 37 19.87 42.71 342.6 Cabbage white 22 210.3 Carrot 17 14 25 155.9 Cauliflower 51 537.9 Caviar substitute 18 37.8 Celeriac 30 390.6 Cheese Brie 7.1 5 Cheese Cheddar/Cheshire cheese 50 fat content 6 4.3 Cheese cottage 9.4 22 Cheese edam 30 fat content in dry matter 7.1 6.8 Cheese edam 40 fat content in dry matter 7.1 5.4 Cheese edam 45 fat content in dry matter 7.1 4.8 Cheese Limburger 20 fat content in dry matter 32 41.7 Cherry Morello 17 75.5 Cherry sweet 7.1 64.2 Chicory 12 171.8 Chinese leaves 21 412.4 Chives 67 581.2 Cocoa powder oil partially removed 71 49.7 Corn sweet 52 140.9 Fish Crayfish 60 220.3 Cress 28 200.8 Crispbread 60 44.9

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purine table and information Page 7 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Cucumber 7.3 141.7 Currant red 17 122.6 Date dried 35 29.9 Elderberry black 33 144.4 Endive 17 297.7 Fennel leaves 14 10 16 139 Fig dried 64 60.4 Fish eel smoked 78 45 110 57.2 Frankfurter sausages 89 68.74 129.52 80.2 Gooseberry 16 101.3 Grape 27 94.6 Grass Vipers black salsify 71 939.4 Kale 48 309.1 Kiwi fruit Chinese gooseberry strawberry peach 19 88.5 Kohlrabi 25 10.86 29.61 243.9 Leek 74 714.1 Lettuce 13 9.75 29.25 274.4 Lettuce Lambs 38 645.3 Meat luncheon 70 58.8 Melon Cantelope 33 143 Millet shucked corn 62 41.9 Morel 30 748.9 Mushroom 58 55.48 60.52 858.2 Mushroom flat edible Boletus 92 1011.6 Mushrooms canned solid and liquid 29 488.5 Mushrooms Chanterelle 17 356.2

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purine table and information Page 8 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Mushrooms Chanterelles canned solids liquids 17 114.2 Nuts Brazil 23 8.3 Nuts hazelnut cobnut 37 27 42 13.9 Nuts peanut 79 33.8 Oats without husk whole grain 94 63.6 Olive green marinated 29 51.1 Onion 13 112.4 Orange 19 105.9 Ox brain 75 140.7 Oyster 90 322.6 Oyster mushroom 50 1054.6 Parsley leaf 57 266.2 Pasta made with egg noodles macaroni spaghetti 40 26.6 Pea pod and seed green 84 245.7 Pea seed dry 95 84.78 166.56 82.7 Peach 21 119.6 Pear 12 2 17 51.5 Peppers green 55 681 Pigs brain 83 161.71 Pineapple 19 81.4 Plaice 93 257.6 Plum 24 116.8 Plum dried 64 67.9 Potato 16 53.6 Potato cooked with skin 18 60.3 Pudding black 55 37.23 90.55 42.8

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purine table and information Page 9 Foods alphabetically Total Purines in mg uric acid/100 g Average Min Max Nutr. Density in mg/MJ Pumpkin 44 422 Quince 30 185 Radish 15 234.3 Radishes 13 210.6 Raspberry 18 126.3 Rhubarb 12 212.6 Rolls bread 21 18.2 Rye whole grain 51 47 63 41 Sauerkraut dripped off 16 12 20 224.7 Sausage "Bierschincken" 85 117.3 Sausage "Fleischwurst" 78 66.8 Sausage "Mortadella" 96 79 130 67.4 Sausage "Munich Weisswurst" 73 65.7 Sausage Vienna 78 65.7 Sausages frying from veal 91 81.5 Sausages German Mettwurst 74 45.9 Sesame gingelly seed Oriental dry 62 26.5 Spinach 57 844.7 Squash summer 24 296.2 Strawberry 21 11.81 25.59 156.8 Tench 80 243.8 Tofu 68 196.4 Tomato 11 145.7 Nuts Walnut 25 9.1 Wheat whole grain 51 40.2 83.41 39.4 Yogurt min. 3.5 fat content 8.1 27.7

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purine table and information Page 10 Please remember that food is usually responsible for only ca. 30 of the uric acid content in the blood serum. Diet is very important to those who wish to lower their uric acid yet other considerations should not be overlooked. Extremely physical exertion or traumatic injuries may contribute to the occurrence of gout. Also foods that elevate the blood acidity despite their low purine content may cause an aggravation of gout. Some examples may be: very spicy and greasy food coffee alcohol excess tea deeply fried food and more. In Chinese medicine concepts these foods fall under the category of Heat and Damp producing foods and beverages. The following foods list is from the book Gout by Prof. R. Grahame Dr. A. Simmonds and Dr. E. Carrey: Group A: 0-50mg purine per 100g Group B: 50-150mg purine per 100g Group C: 150-1000mg purine per 100g Fruits Poultry: Chicken duck turkey goose Wild or Farmed Game Pheasant quail grouse rabbit/hare venison Vegetables: All except those in Group B runner/green/string beans/French beans mange-tour and sugar snap peas are all right Red Meats and Sausages Veal beef lamb pork bacon Organ Meats Kidney heart sweetbreads liver pâté terrine liver sausage foie gras Cereals: All except those in Group B most breads and cakes most breakfast cereals biscuits rice barley couscous polenta and pasta are permitted in moderation Fish: Except those in Group C Extracts of Meat and Yeast Bovril Oxo Marmite Vegemite Dairy Products Milk creams yogurt ice cream cheese eggs – bearing in mind the high fat content of most dairy products Oysters Mussels and Most Other Shellfish Prawns Shrimp Scampi Fish Roe Cod roe caviar taramasalata Fats within reasonable calorie limits Butter most cooking oils lard “shortening” salad dressing mayonnaise Wholegrain Bread and Pasta Scallops Herrings Mackerel Trout Nuts: Not peanuts or cashews and preferably not salted nuts Wholegrain Cereals Including oatmeal brown rice and tahini Crayfish Lobster Olives Lentils Soya Beans Bean Curd Tofu Tempeh Miso Hummus Peas and Beans including Chickpeas Small Fish – Whole or Processed Anchovies sardines sprats whitebait anchovy paste Gentlemen’s Relish Thai fish sauce Preserves and Sweets Jam marmalade chutney pickles Peanuts Peanut Butter Cashews Ground Nuts Beverages: Including tea coffee soft drinks but these may contain caffeine Peanuts Peanut Butter Cashews Ground Nuts Brassicas Cauliflower broccoli/calabrese kale Brussels sprouts “Chinese greens” Spinach Asparagus Avocado and Mushrooms

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