Best Practices ECE

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Best Practices in Early Childhood Education and Education Today:

Best Practices in Early Childhood Education and Education Today Dr. Lisa Rodriguez 2012

Oregon’s Childhood Care and Education Profession Core Body of Knowledge:

Oregon’s Childhood Care and Education Profession Core Body of Knowledge Ten core knowledge categories Sets of knowledge Standards Steps

Core Knowledge Categories:

Core Knowledge Categories Diversity Families & Community Systems Health, Safety & Nutrition Human Growth & Development Learning Environment & Curriculum Observation & Assessment Personal,. Professional & Leadership Development Program Management Special Needs Understanding & Guiding Behavior

Best Practices Oregon's Early Childhood Foundations :

Best Practices Oregon's Early Childhood Foundations Promote healthy child development Promote early learning Promote effective teaching strategies Inform and support families Describe quality early learning environments & experiences Describes learning activities based on play and exploration

Foundations Guiding Principles :

Foundations Guiding Principles Constructivism – Active learning through inquiry & exploration Unique developmental timelines Integrated learning experiences Continuous, sequential learning (concrete to abstract) Culture and family influence critical to development and learning

Play :

Play Through play, “Children initiate and control their own activities” (Driscol, 2005, p. 215), use objects referentially and symbolically, and learn from others with whom they interact. Children involved in play voluntarily persist in the learning activity because they are engaged, so learning occurs without the need to coax or force. Piaget (1967) developed his theories of child development partially by observing children play. Through play, children demonstrate social, emotional, cognitive, physical, and language traits and abilities. For this reason, play should not be underestimated as an instructional or even an assessment strategy.

Learning Centers:

Learning Centers Learning centers are organized spaces for play or exploration focusing on particular skills or knowledge development. They also provide the opportunity for meaningful interactions with children and observation. Examples of Learning Centers: Blocks Dramatic Play Books & Magazines Science

ROUTINES :

ROUTINES “Research has shown that children can successfully learn early reading and mathematics skills during activities and daily routines” (Oregon DOE). Routines provide opportunities to interact with children and to observe their behavior and progress. Examples of routines: Mealtimes Bathroom & Hygiene time Play time Books & quite time

Positive Adult – Child Relationships :

Positive Adult – Child Relationships One-on-one interactions Child's physical level Nurturing tone of voice Simple language Follow child's lead Positive reinforcement and appropriate redirection Acknowledge accomplishments & effort M.M. Ostrosky, E.Y. Jung and the CSEFEL, p. 9 Born to Learn Intro

Key Elements within each Domain :

Key Elements within each Domain Child development Observable behaviors Child Adult Rich learning environments OPPORTUNITY + ENCOURAGEMENT + MATERIALS

DOMAIN 1 – APPROACHES TO LEARNING :

DOMAIN 1 – APPROACHES TO LEARNING Initiative & curiosity (IC) Reasoning & problem solving (PS) Engagement & persistence (EP) 3-5 years Adult: ask questions, answer questions, play, explore, set up materials, prepare opps Learning Environments: safe, natural, variety

DOMAIN 2 – THE ARTS :

DOMAIN 2 – THE ARTS Music Visual art Movement Dramatic play Adult: Opportunities for music, sing songs, rhythm, use instruments, tools for art, write child's NAME on things, acknowledge child's creations Learning Environments: CDs, instruments, make sounds with objects, materials for art, etc.

DOMAIN 3 – LANGUAGE & LITERACY:

DOMAIN 3 – LANGUAGE & LITERACY Listening & understanding Speaking & communicating Phonological awareness Book knowledge & appreciation Print awareness & concepts Early writing Adult: Communicate, TPR, respond to child, songs..., name & describe, answer questions, provide opps for conversation, encourage parents to develop & maintain their FIRST LANGUAGE in the home! Learning environments: Stories, songs, etc, multiple languages, materials (puppets), etc. magazines, print materials

DOMAIN 4 – MATHEMATICS :

DOMAIN 4 – MATHEMATICS Numbers & operations Geometry & spatial sense Patterns & measurement Adult: Exposure, materials, modeling, activities, opps to count & categorize, describe with quantities Learning Environments: Opportunitie and materials

DOMAIN 5 – PHYSICAL EDUCATION :

DOMAIN 5 – PHYSICAL EDUCATION Fine (small) motor skills Grass (large) motor skills Health status & practices Adult: Ensure safe materials and environment, plan activities to develop motor skills Learning Environments: Age and development appropriate toys and materials

DOMAIN 6 – SCIENCE :

DOMAIN 6 – SCIENCE Matter or the physical world Force, movement & energy Forming the questions & hypothesis & designing investigations Collecting & presenting data & analyzing and Interpreting results Organisms heredity Diversity & interdependence & dynamic Earth overview Adult: Provide opportunities & materials & encouragement - communicate Learning Environments: Materials & opportunities

DOMAIN 7 – SOCIAL EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT :

DOMAIN 7 – SOCIAL EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT Self concept Self control Cooperation Social relationships Knowledge of families, community and diversity Adult: Observe, nurture, provide materials, follow child's lead in play, positive reinforcement, establish trusting relationship, words for feelings, modeling, establish routines, sooth & calm, anticipate actions to prevent dangerous situations Learning Environments: Safe space, interesting materials that reflect child's culture and life.

DOMAIN 8 – SOCIAL SCIENCE :

DOMAIN 8 – SOCIAL SCIENCE History Geography, environment, and surroundings Economics & economic concepts Civics & government diversity Adult: Respond to child, describe (predict) establish routines, talk about them., guidance re: safety, show how objects help, encouragement (sharing, talk about feelings) Learning Environments: Materials, familiar books (for routines), establishes times

PowerPoint Presentation:

1. Approaches to Learning Initiative & curiosity (IC) Reasoning & problem solving (PS) Engagement & persistence (EP) 3-5 years 2. The Arts Music Visual art Movement Dramatic play 3. Language & Literacy Listening & understanding Speaking & communicating Phonological awareness Book knowledge & appreciation Print awareness & concepts Early writing 4. Mathematical Numbers & operations Geometry & spatial sense Patterns & measurement 5. P.E. Fine (small) motor skills Grass (large) motor skills Health status & practices 6. Science Matter or the physical world Force, movement & energy Scientific skills & methods – Form Questions, Design Investigation Collecting & presenting data, analyzing & interpreting results Organisms & heredity Diversity & interdependence & dynamic Earth 7. Social Emotional Developmental Self concept Self control Cooperation Social relationships Knowledge of families, community and diversity 8. Social Science History Geography, environment, and surroundings Economics & economic concepts Civics & government diversity

PowerPoint Presentation:

Refrences Driscol, M. (2005). Psychology of learning for instruction . Boston: Pearson, Inc. Piaget, J. (1967). Six psychological studies . New York: Vintage Books. Oregon Dept. of Education. Early childhood foundations and born to learn. Retrieved from http://www.ode.state.or.us/search/results/?id=146 .

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