The Cold War Begins

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The Cold War Begins:

The Cold War Begins

Target:  :

Target: I can trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the U.S. and Soviet Union unraveled I can explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe I can describe the causes and results of Stalin’s blockade of Berlin

January 20, 2012 Warm-up Think (and write)-Pair-Share :

January 20, 2012 Warm-up Think (and write)-Pair-Share Describe what you think the world was like after World War II 1.What major decisions did the leaders have to make? 2.What do you believe the major Allied and Axis Power countries were like post-war? 3.What problems did civilians have to combat? 4.Who emerged as the most powerful countries? What will happen as a result? 5. What policies or strategies do you think the U.S. used toward foreign nations?

Post WW2:

Post WW2 In 1945, much of Europe lay in ruins People were homeless, starving, jobless, etc The world was in a new atomic age The Soviet Union and the U.S. were caught in the middle of a Cold War

Section Focus Question:

Section Focus Question How did U.S. leaders respond to the threat of Soviet expansion in Europe?

PowerPoint Presentation:

The United States and Soviet Union emerged from World War II as the two global superpowers

Graphic Organizer American and Soviet Systems:

Graphic Organizer American and Soviet Systems Please use page page 846 to complete the graphic organizer on your paper

What is a cold war?:

What is a cold war? Provide your own definition

America Changes Strategies:

America Changes Strategies During the 1930 s , the policies of isolationism and appeasement contributed to the outbreak of war. After World War II, U.S. leaders acknowledged that these policies had failed and sought new ways to keep the U.S. safe and to protect its interests around the world.

Allies Disagree on Future of Eastern Europe :

Allies Disagree on Future of Eastern Europe After World War II, the Eastern European countries of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria, as well as the eastern portion of Germany, became satellite states controlled by the Soviet Union. Satellite State-weaker country under the control of a stronger one Please locate these countries on the map

Meeting the Soviet Challenge “The Iron Curtain” Winston Churchill:

Meeting the Soviet Challenge “The Iron Curtain” Winston Churchill President Truman was not the only world leader who believed that Stalin was bent on world domination. On March 5, 1946 Winston Churchill spoke out forcefully against the Soviet Union. Referring to map of Europe, Churchill noted, “An Iron Curtain has descended across the continent. ” East of the curtain the Soviets were installing communist governments and crushing political and religious dissent. Churchill feared the Soviets were attempting to spread communism to Western Europe and East Asia.

Map- Iron Curtain:

Map- Iron Curtain The “Iron Curtain”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Winston Churchill warned of an iron curtain walling off the Soviet-dominated countries from the rest of the world

Some American leaders believed that they should help to rebuild some of the countries that were destroyed in World War II. Do you think the United States should help to rebuild certain countries? Please answer the questions on your paper:

Some American leaders believed that they should help to rebuild some of the countries that were destroyed in World War II . Do you think the United States should help to rebuild certain countries? Please answer the questions on your paper

Fighting Against Communism :

Fighting Against Communism After World War II, a number of European and Asian countries were struggling against communist movements supported by the Soviets. The governments of Greece and Turkey were battling communist forces seeking to take control and needed aid. In 1947, the U.S. was the only country with the resources to help.

Containing Soviet Expansion:

Containing Soviet Expansion An American diplomat, who was an expert on the Soviet Union, George F. Kennan, proposed containment as a way to thwart Soviet expansion. He believed Stalin wanted to expand, but at the same time did not want to risk a war with the U.S. Containment – the policy of confining communism within existing borders.

Decisions…Decisions…:

Decisions…Decisions… The U.S. must decide what to do to stop the spread of communism and to assist countries in Europe… … Two ideas emerged…..

The Truman Doctrine Opposes Communist Expansion:

The Truman Doctrine Opposes Communist Expansion Truman ’ s pledge to aid nations struggling against communist movements became known as the Truman Doctrine. March 12, 1947 – Truman addressed both houses of Congress and requested money to aid Greece and Turkey in their fight against communism. Truman described their struggle as one that all free people had to confront. Congress responded by pledging $400 million in aid for Greece and Turkey.

The Marshall Plan Aids Europe’s Economies:

The Marshall Plan Aids Europe’s Economies In the wake of WWII the countries of Western Europe struggled with shortages of food, fuel, and medical supplies, as well as brutally cold winters. Early 1948 – Congress approved a plan proposed by Secretary of State George C. Marshall. The Marshall Plan gave about $13 billion in grants and loans to nations in Western Europe. The program provided food to reduce famine, fuel to heat houses and factories, and money to jump-start economic growth. Aid was also offered to the Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe, but Stalin refused to let them accept it.

Do you agree or disagree with the U.S. spending millions of dollars to help other countries after world war 2? :

Do you agree or disagree with the U.S. spending millions of dollars to help other countries after world war 2?

The Marshall Plan:

The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan provided a vivid example of how U.S. aid could serve the ends of both economic and foreign policy. The Marshall Plan was a huge success! The good will it fostered worked against the spread of communism and the prosperity it stimulated helped the American economy by increasing trade.

The Cold War Heats Up:

The Cold War Heats Up The front lines of the Cold War were located in Germany. The zones that were controlled by France, Britain, and the U.S. were combined to form West Germany. West Germany was bordered on the east by the Soviet – controlled East Germany. The Allies also controlled the western part of Berlin, a city tucked deep inside communist East Germany.

Germany is Split!:

Germany is Split!

Berlin Airlift Saves West Berlin:

Berlin Airlift Saves West Berlin West Berlin, with its prosperity and freedom stood in stark contrast to the bleak life of East Berliners. This was a huge problem for Stalin who sought to strangle the freedom out of West Berlin by blockading it. In June 1948, he stopped all highway, railway, and waterway traffic from western Germany into West Berlin. Without any means of receiving aid, West Berlin would fall to the communists. Stalin was able to close roads, stop barges, and block railways, but he could not blockade the sky. For almost a year, the United States and Britain supplied West Berlin through a massive airlift. Everything the residents needed was flown into the city. The Berlin Airlift proved to West Berlin, the Soviet Union, and the world how far the United States would go to protect non-communist parts of Europe and contain communism.

PowerPoint Presentation:

When Germany was divided, the capital, Berlin, fell deep within the Soviet zone of control. Since it was the capital, Berlin was also split between communist and non-communist control. Stalin blockaded West Berlin so the citizens could not receive any necessary goods. However, Britain and the U.S. were able to drop supplies from the skies. This was called the “Berlin Airlift”

Cold War Rivals Form Alliances:

Cold War Rivals Form Alliances May 1949 – Stalin was forced to acknowledge that his attempt to blockade Berlin had failed. The Berlin Airlift was a major success for the policy of containment and the west in general. 1949 – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a military alliance of western nations, was formed to counter Soviet expansion. 1955 – West Germany joined NATO. In response the Soviet Union and its satellite states formed a rival military alliance, called the Warsaw Pact. Members of both NATO and the Warsaw Pact pledged to defend one another if attacked. This type of alliance is called collective security.

Please use this note guide to help you complete section 1 quiz. The quiz is on the laptop cart:

Please use this note guide to help you complete section 1 quiz. The quiz is on the laptop cart

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