Preventing Alcoholism

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ALCOHOLISM:

ALCOHOLISM Prepared By: Dinesh Taparia

Alcohol - Some Facts:

Alcohol - Some Facts Alcohol is a depressant drug that - Slows down the activity of the brain. Contains absolutely no nutrients. Does not help relieve tension , induce sleep or solve problems. All alcoholic beverages contain the same mood-changing agent - ethyl alcohol though in varying percentage.

Alcohol - Some Facts (Cont….):

Alcohol - Some Facts (Cont….) Alcohol needs no digestion and is absorbed rapidly into the blood stream. Cold showers or coffee do not remove the effect of alcohol from the body only the liver can. It takes the liver about one hour to break down one drink of alcohol. About 10 to 15% of alcohol users develop alcohol dependence and become alcoholics: Anybody can become an alcoholic - age, education, intelligence or socio-economic status has nothing to do with it. The person increases the quantity or frequency and continues drinking even though alcohol causes problems to his health, work life, family or social relationships.

Alcohol - Some Facts (Cont….):

Alcohol - Some Facts (Cont….) Alcoholism is treatable: With treatment it is possible to give up drinking totally and live without alcohol. However, as with other diseases, the earlier the help is sought, the lesser the damage and the better the recovery.

Alcohol and Medical Problems:

Alcohol and Medical Problems Alcohol is a toxic substance that can affect each and every organ in the body. The major health problems associated with excessive alcohol intake are listed below. Stomach the entry point Slows down functioning and interferes with digestion. Irritates the lining of the food pipe and stomach. Causes gastritis and ulcer. Increases incidence of cancer.

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….):

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….) Liver metabolizes food to facilitate absorption: Can lead to fatty liver (sluggishness due to accumulation of fat cells) and alcoholic hepatitis (Jaundice- like symptoms) Permanent damage – Cirrhosis

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….):

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….) Brain the control centre Slows down the functioning. Causes loss of inhibitions and affects judgment and coordination. Leads to depression, poor memory and concentration - Triggers psychiatric problems. - Damages brain cells permanently.

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….):

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….) Heart the life line Interferes with normal heart rhythm Excessive alcohol use can - Damage blood vessels - Weaken heart muscles - Cause enlargement

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….):

Alcohol and Medical Problems (Cont….) Other effects : Neuritis tingling sensation, tremors in hands and feet. Pancreatitis painful inflammation of the pancreas. Degeneration of muscles due to protein loss. Malnutrition leading to many problems ranging from tiredness onto poor memory. Sexual problems.

Alcohol Consumption in India:

Alcohol Consumption in India Alcohol consumption has been steadily increasing in developing countries like India and decreasing in developed countries since the 1980s. The pattern of drinking to intoxication is more prevalent in developing countries indicating higher levels of risk due to drinking.

Some Major Facts……:

Some Major Facts…… 62.5 million alcohol users estimated in India. Per capita consumption of alcohol increased by 106.7% over the 15-year period from 1970 to 1996. Due to its large population, India has been identified as the potentially third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world which has attracted the attention of multi national liquor companies. Sale of alcohol has been growing steadily at 6% and is estimated to grow at the rate of 8% per year.

Some Major Facts……:

Some Major Facts…… About 80% of alcohol consumption is in the form of hard liquor or distilled spirits showing that the majority drink beverages with a high concentration of alcohol. Branded liquor accounts for about 40% of alcohol consumption while the rest is in the form of country liquor. People drink at an earlier age than previously . The mean age of initiation of alcohol use has decreased from 23.36 years in 1950 to 1960 to 19.45 years in 1980 to 1990. India has a large proportion of lifetime abstainers (89.6%). The female population is largely abstinent with 98.4% as lifetime abstainers. This makes India an attractive business proposition for the liquor industry.

Some Major Facts……:

Some Major Facts…… Changing social norms, urbanization, increased availability, high intensity mass marketing and relaxation of overseas trade rules along with poor level of awareness related to alcohol has contributed to increased alcohol use. Taxes generated from alcohol production and sale is the major source of revenue in most states (Rs.25,000 crores) and has been cited as a reason for permitting alcohol sale. Four states - Gujarat, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland - have enforced prohibition. Profile of clients in addiction treatment centers in 23 states (including states with prohibition) showed that alcohol was the first or second major drug of abuse in all except one state.

The Real Cost of Alcohol:

The Real Cost of Alcohol Large amount of revenue is generated from sale of alcohol. Yet, the hidden, cumulative costs of health care, absenteeism and reduced income levels related to heavy alcohol use are higher. These costs were estimated to be 60% more than the revenue generated in a study from Karnataka.

The Real Cost of Alcohol:

The Real Cost of Alcohol Trauma, violence, organ system damage, various cancers, unsafe sexual practices, premature death and poor nutritional status of families with heavy drinking fathers are associated with alcohol use. Hazardous drinking was significantly associated with severe health problems such as head injuries and hospitalizations. 15 to 20% of traumatic brain injuries were related to alcohol use. Thirty seven percent of injuries in a public hospital was due to alcohol.

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