Academic Writing - The Writing Process

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Is it hard to write?:

Is it hard to write?

The Writing Process:

The Writing Process Steps in Writing an Essay Pre-Writing Planning and Organizing Final Draft! Writing the first draft Revising and Editing

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Introduction What is the writing process ? Writing an essay takes time. That’s why writing is often referred to as a process . In other words, there are several steps to go through before you have a complete essay ready to turn in for a grade. In this lesson we will talk about those steps. They are: Pre-Writing Organizing Writing the First Draft Revising and Editing Final Copy

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Pre-Writing Step One Pre-writing literally means, “before writing.” Before you actually begin writing your essay, you will need to do the following things: brainstorm or generate ideas for your topic choose a topic to write on focus in on central ideas

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Organizing Step Two Making an outline can help you organize what you want to write. This is a rough plan for your essay and can help make the process of writing much easier. Essay Outline Introduction Thesis: _____________________ Body 1. Topic Sentence: _____________ - supporting idea - supporting idea 2. Topic Sentence: ____________ - supporting idea - supporting idea 3. Topic Sentence: ____________ - supporting idea - supporting idea Conclusion

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Writing the First Draft Step Three After getting ideas and making an outline of your essay, it is time to start writing the essay. When you begin writing your rough draft, try to remember the following guidelines. Don’t worry about writing the ‘perfect’ paper the first time. Your goal in writing a rough draft is to develop and support the ideas listed in your outline. Don’t focus on spelling and grammar as you write your rough draft. You can check this later in the writing process.

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Revising and Editing Step Four After you write your first draft, go back over it and look for ways to improve your essay. Content and Organization Spelling, Grammar, Punctuation, etc. Revision Editing

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The Final Copy Step Five The last step is turning in your essay to be graded. Look at the guidelines below for turning in the final draft of your essay.  word-processed  all new paragraphs indented five spaces  8 ½ by 11 inch white paper  double spaced, size 12 font  one inch margins on all sides


Pre-Writing Brainstorming Discussing Free Writing Concept mapping Asking Questions Outlining Charting Timeline How do you organize your ideas when you are preparing to write?

Homework (1 whole sheet):

Homework (1 whole sheet) How does your school life influence your future? What is the importance of the school to your life? Why do you need to go to school? Why do you go to school?

Creating Your Title :

Creating Your Title Your essay’s title should : Be original Be a reasonable length Reflect your topic Be lively and attention-getting Your title should NOT : Be generic/repeat the assignment Be in ALL CAPS Be in boldface , “quotation marks,” underlined , or italicized Be followed by a period

Write Your Introduction:

Write Your Introduction Your introductory paragraph should do the following: Be a minimum of 4-6 sentences Move from general to specific, with the thesis as the last sentence in the intro Get the reader’s attention Set the tone for the rest of the essay Strategies for developing an Introduction include Providing background information Telling a personal anecdote Beginning with a quotation Using an opposite Asking a question

Thesis Statement:

Thesis Statement The thesis statement expresses the MAIN IDEA of your essay, the central point that your essay develops/supports. Your thesis SHOULD: Accurately predict your essay’s direction, emphasis, and scope Make no promises that the essay will not fulfill Be direct and straightforward.

Body Paragraphs: Topic Sentence:

Body Paragraphs: Topic Sentence A Topic Sentence expresses the main idea of the body paragraph. Begin each body paragraph with a Topic Sentence that Narrows the focus of the paragraph Accurately predicts the direction of the paragraph Refers back to the Thesis statement Each BP should contain: Topic Sentence—main idea of BP Primary Support—explanation Secondary Support—examples

Body Paragraphs continued:

Body Paragraphs continued Body paragraphs must have Unity —everything refers back to main point Support —examples and details Coherence —all points connect to form a whole; one point leads to another Concise - brief

Write Your Conclusion:

Write Your Conclusion The concluding paragraph should Contain a minimum of 4 sentences Refer back to the main point, but not simply repeat the thesis (rephrase/restate) NOT introduce any new ideas Create a sense of closure Call to action


Assignment Bring your formal theme. 2. On a whole sheet of paper, front - prewriting activity back - first draft

First Draft:

First Draft First paragraph: Introduction Thesis statement (last sentence) Second/Third/Forth Paragraph: Topic Sentence. Explain. Give examples Fifth Paragraph: Conclusion

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