IB Business and Management OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT 5.1 Production Method

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IB Business and Management OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT 5.1 Production Methods

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IB Business and Management .com IB Business and Management T he IB Diploma Business and Management course delivered IN STYLE , ONLINE . ©

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z Operations management a.k.a. Production Topic 5

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z Production Methods 5.1

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z Different Production methods Artisan job production

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z Different Production methods Mass production

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z Operations mgmt Aka production Producing the … Right goods & services At the right quality level Cost effective & timely manner Turn factor inputs into outputs at minimal cost Factors of production Production (value-added) Output

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z Production methods HL

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z Production methods Most appropriate production method for … iPods Wedding cakes cookies Navy battle ships Led TVs

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z Labour & Capital Intensity Greater proportion of Labour (in terms of cost) = capital intensive = labour intensive capital (in terms of cost) Capital intensive Labour intensive ↑ Output & productivity Highly skilled professions Architecture firm??? Beer-brewer???

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z Combining production methods Businesses are likely to combine methods of production HL Combining different methods of production allows businesses to gain from the benefits of each method used. Combining which two types of production? Batch & job Batch & flow

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z Implications of changes in production methods HL

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z Cell production Splitting a flow production line into self contained units Each cell will produce a significant part of the finished product The cell has responsibility to complete a unit of work Advantages: Some autonomy in decision-making Teams hold some responsibility Teams are likely to be more motivated Specialisation still leads to increased productivity disadvantages: Output relatively lower Tension and team conflicts Conflict between existing cells Capital intensive (high capital costs) HL

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z Organising Cell production Bought in components Machining of components & quality checks Major sub-assemblies & quality checks Final assembly checking and packaging Finished goods HL

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z Choosing appropriate production methods HL

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z Data response question Compare and contrast batch production and mass production Compare: describe two (or more) situations/concepts & present the similarities between them Contrast: describe two (or more) situations/concepts & present the differences between them Define Command terms 8 marks

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z Data response question Distinguish between batch production and flow production distinguish: make clear the differences between two or more concepts/terms Define Command terms 2 marks