Wildlife Conservation

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Wildlife Conservation:

Wildlife Conservation

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Belt Loop Complete these three requirements: 1.Explain what natural resources are and why it's important to protect and conserve them. 2.Make a poster that shows and explains the food chain. Describe to your den what happens if the food chain becomes broken or damaged. 3.Learn about an endangered species. Make a report to your den that includes a picture, how the species came to be endangered, and what is being done to save it.

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1.Explain what natural resources are and why it's important to protect and conserve them. Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva , Marquesas Islands is an example of an undisturbed natural resource The Upsala Glacier in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina is an example of a natural resource.

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1.Explain what natural resources are and why it's important to protect and conserve them. The ocean is an example of a natural resource Natural resources (economically referred to as land or raw materials ) occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural form. A natural resource is often characterized by amounts of biodiversity existent in various ecosystems.

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Why should we protect our environment? Why do we need laws and regulations to protect natural resources and the environment? What are some of the more common environmental laws? There are several different arguments for why we should protect our environment. Some argue that we need to protect resources for the utility and benefit of humans (utilitarianism), others argue that nature is sacred in itself and above and beyond human needs (deep ecologists), and still others are somewhere in the middle ( cautionaries ). Regardless of viewpoint, polluted air and water, depleted water supplies, and toxic wastes are expensive to remediate and make us unhealthy. The loss of unique ecosystems and plant and animal species cannot be undone. Disrupted natural cycles negatively impact environmental and human health.

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2.Make a poster that shows and explains the food chain. Describe to your den what happens if the food chain becomes broken or damaged.

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3.Learn about an endangered species. Make a report to your den that includes a picture, how the species came to be endangered, and what is being done to save it. When discussing the causes of endangerment, it is important to understand that individual species are not the only factors involved in this dilemma. Endangerment is a broad issue, one that involves the habitats and environments where species live and interact with one another. Although some measures are being taken to help specific cases of endangerment, the universal problem cannot be solved until humans protect the natural environments where endangered species dwell. Disease, pollution, and limited distribution are more factors that threaten various plant and animal species. If a species does not have the natural genetic protection against particular pathogens, an introduced disease can have severe effects on that specie. For example, rabies and canine distemper viruses are presently destroying carnivore populations in East Africa. Domestic animals often transmit the diseases that affect wild populations, demonstrating again how human activities lie at the root of most causes of endangerment. Pollution has seriously affected multiple terrestrial and aquatic species, and limited distributions are frequently a consequence of other threats; populations confined to few small areas due to of habitat loss, for example, may be disastrously affected by random factors.

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3.Learn about an endangered species. Make a report to your den that includes a picture, how the species came to be endangered, and what is being done to save it. A species that faces overexploitation is one that may become severely endangered or even extinct due to the rate in which the species is being used. Unrestricted whaling during the 20 th century is an example of overexploitation, and the whaling industry brought many species of whales to extremely low population sizes. When several whale species were nearly extinct, a number of nations (including the United States) agreed to abide by an international moratorium on whaling. Due to this moratorium, some whale species, such as the grey whale, have made remarkable comebacks, while others remain threatened or endangered.

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Academics Pin Earn the Wildlife Conservation belt loop, and complete five of the following requirements: 1. Visit a wildlife sanctuary, nature center, or fish hatchery. 2. Collect and read five newspaper or magazine articles that discuss conservation of wildlife and report to your family or den what you learn. 3. Learn about five animals that use camouflage to protect themselves. 4. Make a birdbath and keep a record for one week of the different birds that visit it. 5. Make a collage of animals that are in the same class: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, or mammals. 6. Make a plaster cast of an animal track. Show it to your den. 7. Visit with a person who works in wildlife conservation, such as a park ranger, biologist, range manager, geologist, horticulturist, zookeeper, fishery technician, or conservation officer. 8. Visit a state park or national park. 9. Participate in an environmental service project that helps maintain habitat for wildlife, such as cleaning up an area or planting trees.

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1. Visit a wildlife sanctuary, nature center, or fish hatchery. Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary (972) 562-5566 1 Nature Pl Mckinney , TX 75069 Dallas Nature Center 972 296 1955 7171 Mountain Creek Parkway Dallas, TX 75249 Southwest Fish Hatchery (972) 563-5131 Fm Road 429 Terrell, TX 75160

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3. Learn about five animals that use camouflage to protect themselves. A flounder blending in with the rocks on the sea floor. The Egyptian Nightjar nests in the open sand with only its coloration to protect it Countershaded Ibex are almost invisible in the Israeli desert. A Bobcat blends with its winter surroundings, at Almaden Quicksilver County Park A mackerel tabby cat blending with its (autumn) environment

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4. Make a birdbath and keep a record for one week of the different birds that visit it.

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5. Make a collage of animals that are in the same class: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, or mammals.

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6. Make a plaster cast of an animal track. Show it to your den. Step 1 Find a clear track in soft mud, wet ground or snow . Step 2 Gently brush away excess dirt, small stones or leaves. Do not remove debris that is compressed into the track. Step 3 Make a circular wall around the track using a cardboard or plastic strip. The strip should be approximately 1.5 inches wide. Use a paper clip to hold the strip into a circle. Press the strip into the soil deep enough so the plaster will not run under it. Step 4 Make your plaster mixture. Mix Plaster of Paris with water according to the package directions . When in doubt, pour a cup of water in your bowl, then gradually add plaster (stirring constantly) until the mixture is thick and creamy like pancake batter.

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Step 5 Tap your mixing bowl on the ground, lightly, to remove any bubbles. Step 6 Pour the plaster into the frame. To protect the track, gently pour the plaster onto the surrounding ground and let it run inside the track—do not pour directly into the track. Step 7 Let the cast set until it is firm enough to relocate. This usually takes approximately 30 minutes. Step 8 Remove the cardboard frame carefully, once the plaster is set. Pick up the cast by digging out some of the mud beneath the cast and then lifting it up. Do not pry it up with a stick. Step 9 Wrap the cast in newspaper to protect it. Allow the cast to dry several days before painting or cleaning it. 6. Make a plaster cast of an animal track. Show it to your den.

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8. Visit a state park or national park. www.tpwd.state.tx.us/spdest/

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Pack 195 [email protected]

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