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OSHA Law Enacted 1970:

OSHA Law Enacted 1970 Applies to all private employers Federal, state, and local municipalities covered under separate programs Employer obligations general duty clause 5 (A) “free from recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious physical harm”. Enforcement “worst first” – inspections incentives

OSHA Program (continued):

OSHA Program (continued) Employee participation Request for an OSHA visit Participate with OSHA officials at walkthroughs Participate in court review proceedings Free from employer reprisal Worker right-to-know OSHA checks and balances Act continues broad agency authority and constraints Contested OSHA enforcement Right for employer to refuse OSHA inspection without a warrant State programs Federal funded (50 percent) “at least as effective”

OSHA Program (continued):

OSHA Program (continued) Information and data Bureau of labor statistics (BLS) Statistical survey Training and education VPP

OSHA Program:

OSHA Program Standard settings “cost effective approach” Regulatory impact analysis Advanced rulemaking proceedings Final standard

Top 10 Cited Standards by Federal OSHA:

Top 10 Cited Standards by Federal OSHA Standard Number of Citations Total $ Standard No. Hazard communication 5659 $1,163,468 1910.1200 Scaffolding 3097 $3,386,477 1926.451 Lockout/Tagout 2789 $3,584,029 1910.147 Electrical 2332 $647,725 1910.305 Mechanical power trans app. 2224 $963,264 1910.209 Machines, general requirements 2086 $2,430,518 1910.212 Fall protection 2034 $3,740,090 1910.501 Personal protective equipment 1764 $792,997 1910.132 Electrical system design, general 1633 $673,663 1910.303 Abrasive wheel machinery 1535 $518,235 1910.215

OSHA Citations:

OSHA Citations Other than serious Serious > $7,000 Willful ≤ $70,000 – $51,000 (minimum) Repeat ≤ $70,000 Failure to correct ≤ $7,000 (each day) Willful (results in death) ≤ $250,000 or/both imprisonment up to 6 months

OSHA Program:

OSHA Program Major programs hearing conservation Hazard communication Respiratory protection Lockout/tagout Confined space entry Blood borne pathogens Chemical process safety PELS Asbestos Ethylene oxide Carbon tetrachloride Lead benzene