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Safety Training Presentations:

Safety Training Presentations Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200

Close Encounters with Chemicals:

Close Encounters with Chemicals We encounter chemicals almost every day Filling your vehicle with gasoline Cleaning the bathroom Applying pesticides or insecticides Using solvents or acids at work Many chemicals can cause injury or illness if not handled properly

Right to Know:

Right to Know OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals You have a RIGHT TO KNOW about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals

Hazard Communication Standard:

Hazard Communication Standard Chemical manufacturers must: Determine a chemical’s hazards Provide labels and MSDSs Employers must: Provide a hazard communication program Maintain MSDSs Train on the use of hazardous materials

Hazard Communication Standard (cont.):

Hazard Communication Standard (cont.) Employees must: Read labels and MSDSs Follow employer instructions and warnings Identify hazards before starting a job Participate in training

Chemical Hazards:

Chemical Hazards Physical Hazards : Flammable Explosive Reactive Health Hazards : Corrosive Toxic

Routes of Entry:

Routes of Entry Skin and eye contact Inhalation Swallowing Penetration (skin absorption)

PowerPoint Presentation:

What is a PPM? One PPM is 2 tablespoons of something in an 8,000 gallon tanker.

Chemical Exposure:

Chemical Exposure Dosage Acute effects Chronic effects

(H = C x T) Harm = Concentration * Time:

(H = C x T) Harm = Concentration * Time HARM Time Concentration Severe Mild

Understanding Toxicity 101:

Understanding Toxicity 101 Time of Exposure Concentration Harm Euphoria ETHANOL Mental Impairment Muscle Impairment Audio Impairment Optic Impairment Nausea Detoxification Point Mental Meltdown Coma Respiratory Arrest CNS Physiological Harm = Concentration * Time One Ounce / Hour 1 Glass / Hour

Secrets to Long Life:

Secrets to Long Life Good Lifestyles -Diet -Exercise -Married vs. single -Sleep/rest - Keeping busy/productive/active* -Risky vs. non-risky behaviors -Drug and alcohol use -Family & friend relationships -Payday Non-smoker Occupational/Environmental Conditions Genetics *Australia researcher, August,2011

Hazard Communication Goals:

Hazard Communication Goals Right to know and chemical hazards PPE, first aid, and spills/leaks Labels and MSDSs Quiz


PPE Dust masks and respirators Glasses, goggles, and face shields Hearing protection Gloves Foot protection Head protection Aprons or full-body suits

Hazardous Materials First Aid:

Hazardous Materials First Aid Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes Skin: Wash with soap and water Inhalation: Move to fresh air Swallowing: Get emergency medical assistance

Spills and Leaks:

Spills and Leaks Evacuate the area Notify a supervisor or the emergency response team Remove ignition sources (if safe to do so) Stay away

Hazard Communication Goals:

Hazard Communication Goals Right to know and chemical hazards PPE, first aid, and spills/leaks Labels and MSS Quiz

Importance of Labels:

Importance of Labels The identity of the chemical Name, address, and emergency phone number of the manufacturer Physical and health hazards Special handling instructions Basic PPE recommendations First aid, fire response, spill cleanup

NFPA Labeling Systems:

NFPA Labeling Systems National Fire Protection Association = NFPA Blue = Health Red = Flammability Yellow = Reactivity White = Other hazards or special handling Scale: 0 (No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)


MSDS Reading an MSDS MSDS locations Finding a specific MSDS

MSDS (cont.):

MSDS (cont.) Chemical and manufacturer identity Hazardous ingredients Physical and chemical characteristics Fire, explosion, and reactivity

MSDS (cont.):

MSDS (cont.) Health hazards Routes of entry Exposure levels (PEL or TLV) Symptoms of exposure First-aid and emergency information

MSDS (cont.):

MSDS (cont.) PPE Safe handling and storage Spills and leaks Compliance issues

Hazard Communication Goals:

Hazard Communication Goals Right to know and chemical hazards PPE, first aid, and spills/leaks Labels and MSS Quiz

Hazard Communication Summary:

Hazard Communication Summary Identify chemical hazards by reading labels and MSDSs Follow warnings and instructions, or ask your supervisor if in doubt Use the correct PPE Practice sensible, safe work habits Learn emergency procedures


Quiz 1. Chemical manufacturers must label containers and provide _______________________________. 2. Employers should keep MSS in a locked file cabinet. True or False 3. Dizziness, nausea, rashes, and respiratory irritation are signs of ______________________exposure. 4. List three routes by which a chemical can enter the body: _____________, _____________, and _____________. 5. Household chemicals are never as hazardous as chemicals used at work. True or False

Quiz (cont.):

Quiz (cont.) 6. On NFPA labels, a 4 in the red diamond indicates an extreme health hazard. True or False 7. Typical first aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes includes ________________________________. 8. You will only know the health hazards and PPE requirements if you _____________________. 9. A ______________________ can be used to protect against breathing hazardous vapors or gases. 10. If you see a chemical spill, you should clean it up immediately. True or False

Quiz Answers:

Quiz Answers 1. MSS must be provided by the manufacturer. 2. False. MSS must always be accessible to the employees. 3. These are all symptoms of acute effects, or short-term exposure. 4. The primary routes chemicals enter the body are skin and eye contact, inhalation, and swallowing. 5. False. Many household chemicals are more hazardous than chemicals found at work.

Quiz Answers (cont.):

Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. False. The red diamond indicates flammability hazards, not health hazards. 7. Typical first aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes includes flushing the eyes for 15 minutes. 8. You must read the labels and MSDSs to learn how to protect yourself from the hazards of a chemical. 9. Respirators protect against breathing hazardous vapors and gases. 10. False. Only attempt to clean a chemical spill if you’ve been properly trained.