History of Political Parties PowerPoint

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Political Parties Throughout the Ages:

Political Parties Throughout the Ages

Slide 2:

CA SS Standards 12.6. 1. Analyze the origin, development, and role of political parties, noting those occasional periods in which there was only one major party or were more than two major parties. Objective To introduce the history of political parties from their conception to the 21 st century as well as discuss the benefits and drawbacks of a two party system.

The Nation’s First Parties:

The Nation’s First Parties Washington’s view on political parties First parties created over issue of Constitution ratification Hamilton v. Jefferson A political party is a group of citizens who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.

Slide 4:

Crash Course: Political Platforms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkltAl_cO5Y&index=41&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtOfse2ncvffeelTrqvhrz8H

Hamilton v. Jefferson:

Hamilton v. Jefferson Hamilton Federalist Party Strong National Gov. Liberal interpretation of Constitution Federal Bank Wealthy & Aristocratic Jefferson Anti-Federalists Limited National Gov. Strict Interpretation of Constitution Against Federal Bank Common Man

Four Major Eras in Political Parties:

Four Major Eras in Political Parties Era of the Democrats Presidents 1800 – 1860 Democratic-Republicans → Democrats Whig Party A faction is a dissenting group A party which opposed Jeffersonian democracy and supported a high tariff .

QUESTION:

QUESTION Why are the presidents shown as Republicans, Whigs and Democrats if the era was known as the Era of the Democrats?

Four Major Eras in Political Parties:

Four Major Eras in Political Parties Era of the Republicans 1860 – 1932 Supported by business and financial interests Farmers, laborers, African Americans Bull Moose Party An era is a period of time A political party led by Teddy Roosevelt

QUESTION:

QUESTION How did the Bull Moose Party affect the 1912 elections? How might this be relevant in today’s elections?

Political Cartoon:

Political Cartoon

Four Major Eras in Political Parties:

Four Major Eras in Political Parties Era of the Democrats (Again) Presidents 1932-1968 Great Depression New electoral base – southerners, small farmers, organized labor, big city political organizations

QUESTION:

QUESTION How are the presidential term years different from the era years? Why?

Four Major Eras in Political Parties:

Four Major Eras in Political Parties Era of Divided Government Presidents 1968 – Present Neither party consistently holds office Divided national government

Exit Card:

Exit Card Why is today’s era known as the Era of Divided Government? For what reasons do you think that we have a divided government?

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