SAFETY for Elderly with Visual LimitationsPowerpoint-Video[1] (1)

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Safety for Elderly with Visual Limitations:

Safety for Elderly with Visual Limitations

PowerPoint Presentation:

Group members: Kereen Krystal Marcynth Patricia Vanessa Brought to you by Florida International University College of Nursing and Health Science

Statistics:

Statistics Nearly 95% of adults older than 65 years wear glasses for close vision. Blindness and visual impairment are among the 10 most common causes of disability in the United States and are associated with shorter life expectancy and lower quality of life. African Americans are twice as likely to be visually impaired than are White individuals of comparable socioeconomic status.

Statistics:

Statistics Hispanics also have a higher risk of visual complications than the White population. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), of the 3.3 million Americans with impaired vision, 2.9 million are 65 years and older.

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment :

Many senior citizens experience difficulty with their sight. These difficulties result from decreased near vision due to aging known as presbyopia, which can be corrected by glasses. The leading causes of visual impairment are diseases that are common in older adults: age related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and optic nerve atrophy. Proper screening and treatment can help the elderly with these changes. Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment :

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment Other types of visual problems may also develop such as becoming more sensitive to glare and adapting more slowly to darkness, you may have more difficulty adjusting your focus from distant objects to near ones and vice-versa. You may need more light, your reaction time may be slower, your peripheral vision may diminish and your ability to quickly and accurately distinguish colors may diminish.

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment :

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment These visual limitations have a significant impact on quality of life: daily living activities such as bathing, reading, moving about safely in the home, eating, dressing, cooking, grooming and taking medication.

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment :

Common changes elderly experience due to visual impairment Decreased vision has also been found to be significant risk factors for falls. Visual limitations affect the older adult’s independence due to the inability to safely perform every day activities. Some will require partial caregiver assistance or complete assistance depending on the degree of limitations.

Insertion of Video Interview:

Insertion of Video Interview

Preventative Measures:

Preventative Measures People over age 65 should have yearly eye exams Have your eyes checked regularly by an eye care professional See your doctor regularly to check for diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure (can cause eye problems if not treated) Use assistive devices (e.g. eyeglasses)

Visit an Eye Care Professional if…:

Visit an Eye Care Professional if… You have: Decreased vision Eye pain Drainage or redness of the eye Double vision Diabetes Or see: Flashes of light Floaters ( tiny specks that appear to float before your eyes) Circles, or halos, around light sources

Ways To Make Living Easier:

Ways To Make Living Easier Wear sunglasses outside to reduce the glare of direct sunlight Pocket magnifiers will help read most printed material Remove clutter to ensure clear pathways for walking Keep all flooring in good repair

Ways To Make Living Easier (cont.):

Ways To Make Living Easier (cont.) Minimize glare by selecting satin and nongloss finishes for walls and countertops in the home Decorate rooms and paint hallways or stairwells, in brighter colors, such as red, orange, or yellow Light switch should be located at the top and bottom of stairwells

Resources :

Resources Organizations geared towards helping the elderly adapt to changes in their vision : American Council of the Blind The National Federation of the Blind National Federation of the Blind Seniors Division National Organization of the Senior Blind Listserv Diabetes Action Network

Resources:

Resources Current Projects by the National Federation of the Blind: Low Vision Resource Kit for seniors, which includes items such as large print playing cards, a talking key chain clock, and a check writing guide NFB-NEWSLINE- A service that makes hundreds of newspapers available to those who can no longer read regular newsprint

Resources:

Resources For further information please see the following websites: http:// www.nfb.org / http:// www.acb.org /

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