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Times New Roman:

Effective Communication


Overview Functions of Communication The Communication Process Communication Fundamentals Key Communication Skills

Arial Black:

Functions of Communication Control Motivation Emotional Expression Information


The Communication Process Receiver Feedback Decoding Channel Encoding Source


Communication Fundamentals Direction: Downward Upward Crosswise Networks: Formal vs. Informal

Effective Communication:

Communication Networks Chain Wheel All Channels

Overview :

Barriers to Effective Communication Filtering Selective Perception Emotions Language

Functions of Communication:

Key Communication Skills Listening Skills Feedback Skills Presentation skills

The Communication Process:

Basic Communication Skills Profile ________________________________________________ Communication Order Learned Extent Used Extent Taught ____________________________________________ Listening First First Fourth Speaking Second Second Third Reading Third Third Second Writing Fourth Fourth First

Communication Fundamentals:

Meaning Listening Is With The Mind Hearing With The Senses Listening Is Conscious. An Active Process Of Eliciting Information Ideas, Attitudes And Emotions Interpersonal, Oral Exchange

Communication Networks:

Fallacies about Listening Listening is not my problem! Listening and hearing are the same Good readers are good listeners Smarter people are better listeners Listening improves with age Learning not to listen Thinking about what we are going to say rather than listening to a speaker Talking when we should be listening Hearing what we expect to hear rather than what is actually said Not paying attention ( preoccupation, prejudice, self-centeredness, stero-type) Listening skills are difficult to learn

Barriers to Effective Communication:

Stages of the Listening Process Hearing Focusing on the message Comprehending and interpreting Analyzing and Evaluating Responding Remembering

Key Communication Skills:

Barriers to Active Listening Environmental barriers Physiological barriers Psychological barriers Selective Listening Negative Listening Attitudes Personal Reactions Poor Motivation

Basic Communication Skills Profile:

How to Be an Effective Listener What You Think about Listening ? Understand the complexities of listening Prepare to listen Adjust to the situation Focus on ideas or key points Capitalize on the speed differential Organize material for learning


How to Be an Effective Listener (cont.) What You Feel about Listening ? Want to listen Delay judgment Admit your biases Don’t tune out “dry” subjects Accept responsibility for understanding Encourage others to talk

Fallacies about Listening:

How to Be an Effective Listener (cont.) What You Do about Listening ? Establish eye contact with the speaker Take notes effectively Be a physically involved listener Avoid negative mannerisms Exercise your listening muscles Follow the Golden Rule

Stages of the Listening Process:

Feedback Skills Positive vs. Negative Feedback Positive feedback is more readily and accurately perceived than negative feedback Positive feedback fits what most people wish to hear and already believe about themselves Negative feedback is most likely to be accepted when it comes from a credible source if it is objective in form Subjective impressions carry weight only when they come from a person with high status and credibility

Barriers to Active Listening:

Developing Effective Feedback Skills Focus on specific behaviours Keep feedback impersonal Keep feedback goal oriented Make feedback well timed Ensure understanding Direct feedback toward behaviour that is controllable by the recipient

How to Be an Effective Listener:

Group Think Phenomena in which the norm for consensus overrides the realistic appraisal of alternative course of action

How to Be an Effective Listener (cont.):

Presentation Skills Ideas, concepts or issues talked about or spoken to a group or audience Public speaking is one of the most feared things “I could make such a fool of myself” Skills required to give a good presentation can be developed Preparation is the Key

How to Be an Effective Listener (cont.):

Presentation Skills Preparation/ Planning is the first step on the ladder to success Aspects in the development of a good presentation Self Centered (Self) Audience Centered (Audience) Subject Centered (Material) “ I want (who) to (what) (where, when and how) because (why)”

Feedback Skills:

Presentation Skills Helpers What do you want to present (content)? Why do you want to present (purpose)? Where will you be presenting (place)? How do you want to present (words to be used or not, slides to be used) Who is your audience?

Developing Effective Feedback Skills:

Presentation Skills Preparation: Audience Analysis What is the audience interested in What does the audience want What does the audience already know and needs to know What are their needs, expectations from this presentation How will the audience benefit from this presentation

Group Think:

Presentation Skills Structure the content in line with the audience’s needs What do you want to tell the audience? What is your objective? Prepare keeping in mind the time allotted Anticipate the questions and prepare Collect material from a variety of sources Arrange points logically and sequentially Prepare handouts as well

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Structuring the presentation 2 to 2.5 mins--- opening/beginning 20 to 21 mins--- middle section 2 to 3 mins --- closing/end 5 mins --- questions

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills The Begining Should be carefully designed Get attention - shock, humour, question, story, facts &figures - well rehearsed yet natural Motivate audience to listen - listen to their needs

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Preparation – Structure Sequence should be logical & understandable Interim summaries- Recaps Value of visual aids-flip charts, handouts etc.

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Prepare Closing Last 2 to 2.5 minutes are as critical as the first five minutes for a successful presentation Summarize- highlight important points Suggest action- what to do and when, where and how to do it

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Stage Fright Everyone has it to some degree Can be used constructively Key issue is not elimination of fear Instead channel the energy it generates for an effective presentation

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Effective Delivery Be active - move Be purposeful - controlled gestures Variations – vocal (pitch, volume, rate) Be natural Be direct – don’t just talk in front of the audience talk to them

Presentation Skills :

Group Facilitation Verbal Communication- barriers Speaking too fast Using jargon Tone and content Complicated or ambiguous language Not questioning Physical State of the audience

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Sensitivity to the audience “see” the audience Take non-verbal feedback -congruent and incongruent body language Modify to meet audience needs Don’t just make it as a presentation

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Handling Questions Do not get confused You are not supposed to know everything Anticipate and keep answers ready Sometime questions themselves give you a lead to highlight your point of view

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills Visual Aids While using a over head projector face the audience while talking Point with a pen Appropriate lighting Watch the colours Ensure clear visibility 10 lines, 10 words per line

Presentation Skills:

Presentation Skills So to conclude : Always prepare Channelize you fear Interact with your audience

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