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UNIVERSITY FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES FACULTY OF PLANNING AND LAND MANAGEMENT IDS410:DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT SEMINAR TOPIC : The civil service as a critical player in Ghana’s development: prospects, challenges and the way forward


ORDER OF P RESENTATION Historical background of the Ghana civil service The prospects of the civil service The way forward Conclusion OBJECTIVE The aim of this presentation is to equip students with the knowledge about the Ghana civil service


HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The history of the ghana civil service is linked with the establishment of the british colonial service in the gold coast The service was established as the main instrument of the british imperial policy concerned with : a. Maintenance of law and order b. imposition and collection of taxes c. Exploitation of the rich mineral deposits and other natural resources of the colony


BACKGROUND CONT. Civil service from the colonial era up to date has under gone series of reforms and transformations which include: New charter for the civil service published in the 1960 republican constitution The civil service act 1960( CA5) which provided among others the following: i.The creation of the civil service posts ii.The setting up of ministries and departments


BACKGROUND CONT. iii. Conditions of service, disciplinary proceedings and other maters relating to the civil service c. The Act (CA5)was later complimented by the civil service(interim) regulations, 1960( LI 47) which provided for the following: The creation of the Ghana civil service commission The structure of the civil service The filling of vacancies in the civil service


BACKGROUND CONT. d. In September 1965, the civil service (Amendment) Act(303) was passed. One important feature of this law was the establishment of the secretariat and the creation of the position of head of civil service and secretary to the cabinet e. This Act subsisted until the promulgation of the 1992 constitution and the civil service law 1993(PNDCL 327).


BACKGROUND CONT. According to Ayee (2001) the Ghana civil service has undergone through two main reform programmes: 1. the civil service reform programme(CSRP)1987-1983. It was meant to eliminate the constrains which had i mpeded the civil service’s ability to function as an agent of progress and change The CSRP was a component of the structural adjustment programme’s public sector management improvement exercise


BACKGROUND CONT. The over all objectives of CSRP was to restructure the civil service in such a way as to make it more productive, effective and efficient, and strengthen its capacity for the implementation of development programmes 2. The civil service performance improvement programme (CSPIP) 1995 to date It was meant to promote institutional administrative capacity for good governance in Ghana


BACKGROUND CONT . The National I nstitutional R enewal Programme (NIRP)was launched in September 1994.its major aim is to encourage institutions under the executive, legislative and judicial arms of government listed under the 1992 constitution, to discharge their duties in a transparent,competent,accountable and cost effective fashion. A major component of the NIRP is the civil service performance improvement programme which was launched in 1995


BACKGROUND CONT. Chapter 14 article 190 (1a) of the 1992 constitution of Ghana list the civil service as one of the 14 public service institutions of the country. It comprises of the service in the civil offices of government in both central and local government (PNDCL 327) The civil service therefore is made up of ministries, departments and agencies, Regional Coordinating councils and district assemblies


BACKGROUND CONT. The civil service comprises offices with a variety of professional and technical qualifications The object of the civil service as entailed in the PNDCL 327 is to assist the government in the formulation and implementation of government policies and programmes for the development of the country. The office of the head of the civil service has the overall oversight responsibility of the civil service


BACKGROUND CONT. The head of the civil service is being appointed by the president and has a status as a minister of state. The office is charged with the responsibility of ensuring the general efficiency of the service. Ministries are created as the highest organisations for specific sectors. A sector ministry is being charged with the following functions; Initiate policies Undertake development planning coordinate


BACKGROUND CONT. iv. Monitor and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the performance of the sector. Each ministry has a Chief Director and a ministerial advisory board which draws its membership from both public and private sector. The offices of the Regional Coordinating Councils are established and headed by the Regional Coordinating Directors. The Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies are also headed by the DCCs


PROSPECTS The civil service as discussed is expected to run the administration according to the policies laid by the political executives. It is also expected to advise government on all policy issues. The service is expected to conduct research into all kinds of fields with the view to solving technical and complex issues of state administration. The civil service has a potential of serving as a Ghana’s largest employer.


PROSPECTS CONT. The civil service also is to serve as a supervisory body. It has a potential of generating income as well as seeing to the expenditure of the government. The service is to act as an intermediary between the ordinary people and the central government.


CIVIL SERVANTS ETHOS Non partisan- political neutral Selflessness- take decisions based on public interest. Integrity-devoid of corrupt practices Accountability- responsible to their decisions and actions. Justice and fairness- choices based on merits transparency-should be open


CHALLENGES Excessive bureaucracy and delays Lack of vision and clear sense of direction Low remuneration and poor condition of service Corruption Political interference


THE WAY FORWARD Building a new civil service for Ghana A crop of change agents Human resource management and development New regulatory framework Organisation method Promoting good governance compensation


CONCLUSION Ghana today is confronted with developmental challenges that require an innovative approach, pragmatic enough to address the myriad of political, social and economic woes the country has to contend with. Some parts of the country today, still, face food shortages and power cuts resulting in malnutrition and intermittencies in business activities respectively.


CONCLUSION CONT. We therefore need a civil service which is proactive and a prime mover in formulating and evaluating policies that will deliver the government’s developmental agenda as well as maintaining vigilant oversight of implementation of programmes by various organisations and agencies charged in this vital role.



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