Added: May 11, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 27 | |

An amortizing cap is an interest rate cap whose notional principal amount declines during the life of the contract whereas an accreting cap is an interest rate cap whose notional principal amount increases during the life of the contract. Similarly, an amortizing floor is an interest rate floor whose notional principal amount declines during the life of the contract whereas an accreting floor is an interest rate floor whose notional principal amount increases during the life of the contract. This presentation gives an overview of amortizing and accreting cap and floor products and valuation model. See more details at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrAmortizingCap.html |

Added: May 11, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 24 | |

An interest rate cap is an OTC derivative where the buyer receives payments at the end of each period when the interest rate exceeds the strike, whereas an interest rate floor is a similar contract where the buyer receives payments at the end of each period when the interest rate is below the strike. Caps and floors are widely used to hedge against interest rate fluctuations. This presentation gives an overview of interest rate cap and floor products and valuation model. See more details at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrCap.html |

Added: Apr 27, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 55 | |

An interest rate swaption or interest rate European swaption is an OTC option that grants its owner the right but not the obligation to enter an underlying interest rate swap. There are two types of swaptions: a payer swaption and a receiver swaption. An payer swaption is also called a right-to-pay swaption that allows its holder to exercise into a swap where the holder pays fixed rates and receives floating rates, while a receiver swaption is also called right-to-receive swaption that allows its holders to exercise into a swap where the holder receives fixed rates and pays floating rates. Swaptions provide clients with a guarantee that the fixed rate of interest they will pay at some of future time will not exceed certain level. This presentation gives an overview of swaption product and valuation. You can find more details at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrSwaption.html |

Added: Apr 27, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 29 | |

A forward rate agreement, or FRA, is a forward contract between two parties in which one party will pay a fixed rate while the other party will pay a reference interest rate for a set future period. Similar to a swap, a FRA has two legs: a fixed leg and a floating leg. But each leg only has one cash flow. The party paying the fixed rate is usually referred to as the borrower, while the party receiving the floating rate is referred to as the lender. Some people believe that a FRA is equivalent to a one-period vanilla swap. That is not completely true from valuation perspective. A FRA is usually settled and paid at the end of a forwarding period, called settle in arrear, while a regular swaplet is settled at the beginning of the forward period and paid at the end. Strictly speaking, FRAs need convexity adjustment. However, given FRA is such a simple product, the adjustment is very simple as well. This presentation provides an introduction to FRA product and valuation. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrFra.html |

Added: Apr 25, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 22 | |

A compounding swap is an interest rate swap in which interest, instead of being paid, compounds forward until the next payment date. Compounding swaps can be valued by assuming that the forward rates are realized. Normally the calculation period of a compounding swap is smaller than the payment period. For example, a swap has 6-month payment period and 1-month calculation period (or 1-month index tenor). An overnight index swap (OIS) is a typical compounding swap.This presentation gives an overview of compounding swap product and valuation model. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrCompoundingSwap.html |

Added: Apr 25, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 33 | |

An amortizing swap is an interest rate swap whose notional principal amount declines during the life of the contract whereas an accreting swap is an interest rate swap whose notional principal amount increases instead. The notional amount changes could be one leg or two legs, but typically on a fixed schedule. The notional principal is tied to an underlying financial instrument with a declining principal, such as a mortgage or an increasing principal, such as a construction fund. The notional principal of an amortizing swap is tied to an underlying financial instrument with a declining principal, such as a mortgage. On the other hand, the notional amount of an accreting swap is tied to an underlying instrument with an increasing principal, such as a construction fund. The notional principal schedule of an amortizing or an accreting swap may decrease or increase at the same rate as the underlying instrument. Both amortizing and accreting swaps can be used to reduce or increase exposure to fluctuations in interest rates. This presentation gives an overview of amortizing or accreting swap product and valuation model. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrAmortizingSwap.html |

Added: Apr 25, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 24 | |

A basis swaps is an interest rate swap that involves the exchange of two floating rates, where the floating rate payments are referenced to different bases. Both legs of a basis swap are floating but derived from different index rates (e.g. LIBOR 1 month vs 3 month). Basis swaps are settled in the form of periodic floating interest rate payments. They are quoted as a spread over the reference index. For example, 3-month LIBOR is frequently used as a reference. Spreads are quoted over it. A basis swap can be used to limit interest rate risk that a firm faces as a result of having different lending and borrowing rates. Basis swaps help investors to mitigate basis risk that is a type of risk associated with imperfect hedging. Firms also utilize basis swaps to hedge the divergence of different rates. Basis swaps could involve many different kinds of reference rates for the floating payments, such as 3-month LIBOR, 1-month LIBOR, 6-month LIBOR, prime rate, etc. There is an active market for basis swaps. This presentation gives an overview of interest rate basis swap product and valuation model. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrBasisSwap.html |

Added: Apr 25, 2018 | |

By: alanwhite | |

Views: 28 | |

An interest rate swap is an agreement between two parties to exchange future interest rate payments over a set period of time. It consists of a series of payment periods, called swaplets. The most popular form of interest rate swaps is the vanilla swaps that involve the exchange of a fixed interest rate for a floating rate, or vice versa. There are two legs associated with each party: a fixed leg and a floating leg. Swaps are OTC derivatives that bear counterparty credit risk beside interest rate risk. Interest rate swaps are the most popular OTC derivatives that are generally used to manage exposure to fluctuations in interest rates. Swaps can be also used to obtain a marginally lower interest rate. Thus they are often utilized by a firm that can borrow money easily at one type of interest rate but prefers a different type. They also allow investors to adjust interest rate exposure and offset interest rate risks. Speculators use swaps to speculate on the movement of interest rates. More and more swaps are cleared through central counterparties nowadays (CCPs). This presentation gives an overview of interest rate swap product and valuation model. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/IrSwap.html |