Agreement: Agreement Subject Verb PowerPoint Presentation: All sentences have subjects and verbs . Example: The volcano (subject) erupts (verb) . An artist (subject) makes (verb) masks. PowerPoint Presentation: The subject tells whom or what a sentence is about. The elevator is broken. What are Harry and Lucas drinking? PowerPoint Presentation: A verb expresses an action or a state of being. In the library and at church, Michele giggles inappropriately. (Action) The alarm clock buzzed like an angry bumblebee. (Action) He was an A+ student. (State of Being) That is the rhythm I need to remember. (State of Being) PowerPoint Presentation: Subjects and verbs agree in number to show that they belong together. A word that refers to one thing is singular . (Student, Leaf) A word that refers to more than one is plural . (Students, Leaves) Basic Rule : Basic Rule Singular subject takes a singular verb Plural subject takes a plural verb PowerPoint Presentation: Singular subjects take singular verbs. Isabella (Singular Subject) attends (Singular Verb) college. He (Singular Subject) washes (Singular Verb) the dishes. PowerPoint Presentation: Plural subjects take plural verbs. Both women(Plural Verb) attend (Plural Verb) college. They (Plural Verb) wash (Plural Verb) the dishes. PowerPoint Presentation: EVERY VERB MUST AGREE WITH ITS SUBJECT Singular Subject Plural Verb Plural Subject Singular Verb PowerPoint Presentation: NOTE: The trick is in knowing whether the subject is singular or plural. The next trick is recognizing a singular or plural verb. PowerPoint Presentation: To make a noun plural, we add – s Singular: girl Plural: girl s To make a verb plural, we take away the – s . Singular: he talk s Plural: they talk Watch the Verb Endings!: Watch the Verb Endings! Singular I walk You walk He/She /It walk s Joe walk s The girl walk s Plural We walk You walk They walk Joe and Maria walk The girls walk RULE 1: RULE 1 When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by ‘ and ’, use a plural verb. Example: She and her friends are at the fair. RULE 2: RULE 2 When two or more singular nouns or pronouns are connected by ‘ or ’ or ‘ nor ’, use a singular verb. Example: The book or the pen is in the drawer. RULE 3: RULE 3 When a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by ‘ or ’ or ‘ nor ’, the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is nearer the verb. Example: The referee or the players are wrong. The players or the referee is wrong. RULE 4: RULE 4 Doesn't is a contraction of ‘does not’ and should be used only with a singular subject. Don't is a contraction of ‘do not’ and should be used only with a plural subject. The exception to this rule appears in the case of the first person and second person pronouns ‘I’ and ‘you’. With these pronouns, the contraction ‘don't’ should be used. Example: He doesn't like it. They don't like it. RULE 5: RULE 5 Do not be misled by a phrase that comes between the subject and the verb. The verb agrees with the subject, not with a noun or pronoun in the phrase. Example: One of the boxes is open The people who listen to that music are few. The team captain , as well as his players , is anxious. The book , including all the chapters in the first section , is boring. The woman with all the dogs walks down my street. RULE 6: RULE 6 The words ‘each’, ‘each one’, ‘either’, ‘neither’, ‘everyone’, ‘everybody’, ‘anybody’, ‘anyone’, ‘nobody’, ‘somebody’, ‘someone’, and ‘no one’ are singular and require a singular verb. Example: Each of these hot dogs is juicy. Everybody knows Mr. Jones. Either is correct. RULE 7: RULE 7 Nouns such as Civics, Mathematics, Dollars, Measles, and News require singular verbs. Example: The news is on at six. PowerPoint Presentation: Note: the word dollars is a special case. When talking about an amount of money, it requires a singular verb, but when referring to the dollars themselves, a plural verb is required. Example: Five dollars is a lot of money. Dollars are often used instead of rubles in Russia. RULE 8: RULE 8 Nouns such as scissors, tweezers, trousers, and shears require plural verbs. (There are two parts to these things) Example: These scissors are dull. Those trousers are made of wool. RULE 9: RULE 9 In sentences beginning with ‘ there is ’ or ‘ there are ’, the subject follows the verb. Since ‘there’ is not the subject, the verb agrees with what follows. Example: There are many questions . There is a question . RULE 10: RULE 10 Collective nouns are words that imply more than one person but that are considered singular and take a singular verb, such as ‘group’, ‘team’, ‘committee’, ‘class’, and ‘family’. Example: The team runs during practice. The committee decides how to proceed. The family has a long history. My family has never been able to agree. PowerPoint Presentation: In some cases, a sentence may call for the use of a plural verb when using a collective noun. Example: The crew are preparing to dock the ship. This sentence is referring to the individual efforts of each crew member. RULE 11: RULE 11 Expressions such as ‘with’, ‘together with’, ‘including’, ‘accompanied by’, ‘in addition to’, or ‘as well’ do not change the number of the subject. If the subject is singular, the verb is too. Example: The President , accompanied by his wife , is traveling to India. All of the books , including yours , are in that box. PowerPoint Presentation: You may want to try these practice exercises to polish your comprehension of this grammar concept. PowerPoint Presentation: Review A Provide the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Members of the club ________ turns as president. ( take ) Fred or his brother ________ us every summer. ( visit ) Both of these shoes ________ new laces. ( need ) Neither the judge nor the jurors ________ the defendant. ( know ) ________ she need more time to finish the test? ( do ) PowerPoint Presentation: Members of the club take turns as president. ( take ) Fred or his brother visits us every summer. ( visit ) Both of these shoes need new laces. ( need ) Neither the judge nor the jurors know the defendant. ( know ) Does she need more time to finish the test? ( do ) Review B : Review B For each of the following sentences, if the subject and verb do not agree, write the correct form of the verb . One half of the melon have been eaten. Here is the books you reserved. Whatever the challenge, I always does my best. Physics looks into the nature of matter and energy. Artists and writers draws inspiration from the view. PowerPoint Presentation: One half of the melon has been eaten. Here are the books you reserved. Whatever the challenge, I always do my best. Physics looks into the nature of matter and energy. Artists and writers draw inspiration from the view. The subject and verb is the skeleton of every sentence. Make sure you fit those two important parts together correctly!: The subject and verb is the skeleton of every sentence. Make sure you fit those two important parts together correctly!