GEO IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation: 

GEO IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN

INTRO: 

INTRO Geography is one of the most important elements of national power. The strength of a nation and its chances of survival depend, to a great extent on its geographical factor. This harnesses the power potentials of a state and significantly influences its foreign and the security policies.

INTRO: 

INTRO The geo-strategic significance of a nation greatly depends on its geography. It not only harnesses state’s power potential, but also significantly influences its foreign and the security policies. The nature of a country’s people, shape of the borders and the communication infrastructure lend it either strategic strength or weakness. There indeed is a fundamental relationship between the conduct of military operations and the geography.

INTRO: 

INTRO Pakistan is a land anchored in a politically restless sea, the sharks and whales of which from time to time threaten to unite together, if not against, us. Pakistan’s geographical position creates special perils and problems. She stands thwart Russia’s easiest access to these warm water ports, which would allow the Soviet fleets dominate the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf

SEQUENCE: 

SEQUENCE PART 1 GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE PART 2 GEO STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE ANYALYSIS RECOMMENDATIONS CONCLUSION

PART I: 

PART I GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE: 

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE “Geopolitics concerns itself with the state not as a static concept, but as a living being. Geopolitics investigated the state primarily in relation to its environment--its space--and attempts to solve all problems resulting from special relationships………..

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE: 

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE Geopolitics concerned with special requirements of a state while political geography examines only its conditions. In putting geography at the service of space--conscious politics,

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE : 

GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE Geopolitics devotes itself to the question of the future—Geopolitics--is a discipline that weighs and evaluates a given situation and by its conclusions seek to guide practical politics ”.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Geo Political Location

PowerPoint Presentation: 

AFGHANISTAN IRAN INDIA CHINA ARABIAN SEA TAFTAN NJ 9842 PESHAWAR RAWALPINDI CHITRAL SKARDU SIALKOT LAHORE SAHIWAL MULTAN BAHAWALNAGAR BAHAWALPUR R Y KHAN SUKKAR CHHOR HYDERABAD KARACHI KHUZDAR QUETTA D I KHAN SIBI GILGIT AMRITSAR D G KHAN BHATINDA SURATGARH BIKANER RAMGARH JAISALMER BARMER KOTHA 2538 KMs 909 KMs 1062 KMs 2159 KMs 202 KMs 91 KMs 598 KMs 767 KMs LOC GWADAR ORMARA INDUS R JHELUM R CHENAB R RAVI R BEAS R SUTLEJ R SRINAGAR 456 KMs

Geo Political Significance : 

Geo Political Significance A land anchored in a politically restless sea

Geo Political Significance. . : 

Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State

PowerPoint Presentation: 

16 1500 450 1046

Geo Political Significance. . : 

Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia.

Geo Political Significance. . : 

Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia. On the Indian Ocean

PowerPoint Presentation: 

20 WARM WATERS

Geo Political Significance. . : 

Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia. On the Indian Ocean Surrounded by Mighty Neighbors

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST: 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests

US INTEREST : 

US INTEREST PAST POST WORLD WAR II 1962 INDIA-SINO WAR AFGHAN SOVEIT WAR PRESENT POST 9/11 WAR ON TERRORISM

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE

RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE: 

RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE PAST Economic cooperation Mr. Nikoyan, the first Soviet deputy Premier PRESENT FUTURE

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVE

EU PERSPECTIVE: 

EU PERSPECTIVE The EC commitments in development cooperation total 226.776 million Euro, particularly in three important projects: Pakistan’s Social Action Program, Rural Social Development Program. Environmental rehabilitation projects in NWFP and Punjab.

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVE CHINA PESPECTIVE

CHINA PERSPECTIVE: 

CHINA PERSPECTIVE KOREAN WAR Bundong Conference US CHINA TIES

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVE CHINA PESPECTIVE POST 9/11 ERA

POST 9/11 : 

POST 9/11 TERRORISM SECTERAIN

PART II: 

PART II

Geostrategic , a subfield of geopolitics , is a type of foreign policy guided principally by geographical factors as they inform, constrain, or affect political and military planning. As with all strategies, geostrategy is concerned with matching means to ends— in this case, a country's resources (whether they are limited or extensive) with its geopolitical objectives (which can be local, regional, or global). According to Gray and Sloan, geography is "the mother of strategy." GEO STRATEGIC

GEO STRATEGIC: 

GEO STRATEGIC Strategic geography is concerned with the control of, or access to, spatial areas that have an impact on the security and prosperity of nations. Spatial areas that concern strategic geography change with human needs and development. This field is a subset of human geography, itself a subset of the more general study of geography. It is also related to geostrategy

GEO STRATEIG LOCATION: 

GEO STRATEIG LOCATION

PowerPoint Presentation: 

38 AFGHANISTAN INDIA IRAN CHINA PAKISTAN ARABIAN SEA Area Total 803,940 sq km Land 778,720 sq km Water 25,220 sq km 523 km 2912 km 2430 km 1046 km 909 km

PowerPoint Presentation: 

GEO STRATIGIC SIGNIFICANCE

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : 

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : 

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : 

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADE

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : 

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADE COLD WAR ERA

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : 

GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADE COLD WAR ERA GAWADAR

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST: 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST. : 

INTERNATIONAL INTEREST. US China Russian Indian Iran Oman

US INTEREST: 

US INTEREST United States perceived strategic utility of Pakistan to serve American global strategic interests Pakistan’s perceptions of United States strategic utility to serve Pakistan’s strategic aspirations. US military architecture in the Middle East IN 1970 Islamic Jihad against the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan in the 1990s participation in the US global war of terrorism

CHINA PERSPECTIVE: 

CHINA PERSPECTIVE Pakistan’s territory as land routes for China’s access to the Gulf Region Pakistan’s location in close proximity to the Hormiz Straits, critically vital for US strategic interests and valuable as a Chinese counter-pressure point against the United States Convergence of Chinese and Pakistani strategic interests in Afghanistan and so also against India Islamic fundamentalism insurgency in China Xinjiang

RUSSIAN INTEREST : 

RUSSIAN INTEREST Faster strategic reinforcement capability in the region and eliminate Western submarine based threat from waters of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. Exertion of military pressure on Iran and Saudi Arabia through potential threat to their oil trade and be on the flanks of NATO countries. Maintain physical surveillance of the area which will enable her to link its Atlantic and Pacific fleet units. Baluchistan’s natural gas reserves, its mineral resources and vast cultivable land are additional benefits for the Russia.

INDIAN THREAT: 

INDIAN THREAT Boundary dispute Coasteal dispute Water dispute

IRAN PERSPECTIVE: 

IRAN PERSPECTIVE OIL RICH PROTECTION OF SHIPPING

ANALYSIS: 

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS : 

ANALYSIS The United States and the West will continue to strategically dominate global power play. Regionally, India in a rising trajectory of strategic and economic power will outstrip Pakistan strategically by wide differentials China seems to be headed for a confrontation with the United States. In a US-China confrontation Russia is unlikely to be an active participant on China’s side.

RECOMMENDATIONS: 

RECOMMENDATIONS

Recommendations.: 

Recommendations. Strategic Advantages . Strategic Depth . Large Potential Sea Resources . Maritime Power . Control of Persian Gulf . Uninterrupted Trade . Economic Objectives . GLOBAL ECONONMY Examine the possibility of undertaking joint ventures with landlocked countries of the regions. Acquire more survey vessels and carry out survey of the seabed within our Exclusive Economic Zone.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

QUESTIONS & ANSWER

CONCLUSION: 

CONCLUSION

FUTURE PERSPECTIVES QUESTIONS : 

FUTURE PERSPECTIVES QUESTIONS Will Pakistan’s strategic allies dilute their military alliances with Pakistan? Will USA and China recast their South Asia policies? Will Pakistan’s preferred strategic choice as a military partner would be China or Pakistan?

Presentation By Zeeshan Rabbi (Baffa): 

Presentation By Zeeshan Rabbi ( Baffa )