logging in or signing up GEO IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTAN zeeshanbaffa Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 2581 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (1) Dislike it (0) Added: May 21, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 6 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: GEO IMPORTANCE OF PAKISTANINTRO: INTRO Geography is one of the most important elements of national power. The strength of a nation and its chances of survival depend, to a great extent on its geographical factor. This harnesses the power potentials of a state and significantly influences its foreign and the security policies.INTRO: INTRO The geo-strategic significance of a nation greatly depends on its geography. It not only harnesses state’s power potential, but also significantly influences its foreign and the security policies. The nature of a country’s people, shape of the borders and the communication infrastructure lend it either strategic strength or weakness. There indeed is a fundamental relationship between the conduct of military operations and the geography.INTRO: INTRO Pakistan is a land anchored in a politically restless sea, the sharks and whales of which from time to time threaten to unite together, if not against, us. Pakistan’s geographical position creates special perils and problems. She stands thwart Russia’s easiest access to these warm water ports, which would allow the Soviet fleets dominate the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Persian GulfSEQUENCE: SEQUENCE PART 1 GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE PART 2 GEO STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE ANYALYSIS RECOMMENDATIONS CONCLUSIONPART I: PART I GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE: GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE “Geopolitics concerns itself with the state not as a static concept, but as a living being. Geopolitics investigated the state primarily in relation to its environment--its space--and attempts to solve all problems resulting from special relationships……….. GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE: GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE Geopolitics concerned with special requirements of a state while political geography examines only its conditions. In putting geography at the service of space--conscious politics,GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE : GEO POLITICAL IMPORTANCE Geopolitics devotes itself to the question of the future—Geopolitics--is a discipline that weighs and evaluates a given situation and by its conclusions seek to guide practical politics ”.PowerPoint Presentation: Geo Political LocationPowerPoint Presentation: AFGHANISTAN IRAN INDIA CHINA ARABIAN SEA TAFTAN NJ 9842 PESHAWAR RAWALPINDI CHITRAL SKARDU SIALKOT LAHORE SAHIWAL MULTAN BAHAWALNAGAR BAHAWALPUR R Y KHAN SUKKAR CHHOR HYDERABAD KARACHI KHUZDAR QUETTA D I KHAN SIBI GILGIT AMRITSAR D G KHAN BHATINDA SURATGARH BIKANER RAMGARH JAISALMER BARMER KOTHA 2538 KMs 909 KMs 1062 KMs 2159 KMs 202 KMs 91 KMs 598 KMs 767 KMs LOC GWADAR ORMARA INDUS R JHELUM R CHENAB R RAVI R BEAS R SUTLEJ R SRINAGAR 456 KMsGeo Political Significance : Geo Political Significance A land anchored in a politically restless seaGeo Political Significance. . : Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian StatePowerPoint Presentation: 16 1500 450 1046Geo Political Significance. . : Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia.Geo Political Significance. . : Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia. On the Indian OceanPowerPoint Presentation: 20 WARM WATERSGeo Political Significance. . : Geo Political Significance. . A land anchored in a politically restless sea A small/medium, linear and depthless, strategic Asian State In Southwest Asia. On the Indian Ocean Surrounded by Mighty NeighborsINTERNATIONAL INTEREST: INTERNATIONAL INTERESTINTERNATIONAL INTEREST : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US InterestsUS INTEREST : US INTEREST PAST POST WORLD WAR II 1962 INDIA-SINO WAR AFGHAN SOVEIT WAR PRESENT POST 9/11 WAR ON TERRORISMINTERNATIONAL INTEREST : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVERUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE: RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE PAST Economic cooperation Mr. Nikoyan, the first Soviet deputy Premier PRESENT FUTUREINTERNATIONAL INTEREST : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVEEU PERSPECTIVE: EU PERSPECTIVE The EC commitments in development cooperation total 226.776 million Euro, particularly in three important projects: Pakistan’s Social Action Program, Rural Social Development Program. Environmental rehabilitation projects in NWFP and Punjab.INTERNATIONAL INTEREST : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVE CHINA PESPECTIVECHINA PERSPECTIVE: CHINA PERSPECTIVE KOREAN WAR Bundong Conference US CHINA TIESINTERNATIONAL INTEREST : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST US Interests RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE EU PERSPECTIVE CHINA PESPECTIVE POST 9/11 ERAPOST 9/11 : POST 9/11 TERRORISM SECTERAINPART II: PART II: Geostrategic , a subfield of geopolitics , is a type of foreign policy guided principally by geographical factors as they inform, constrain, or affect political and military planning. As with all strategies, geostrategy is concerned with matching means to ends— in this case, a country's resources (whether they are limited or extensive) with its geopolitical objectives (which can be local, regional, or global). According to Gray and Sloan, geography is "the mother of strategy." GEO STRATEGICGEO STRATEGIC: GEO STRATEGIC Strategic geography is concerned with the control of, or access to, spatial areas that have an impact on the security and prosperity of nations. Spatial areas that concern strategic geography change with human needs and development. This field is a subset of human geography, itself a subset of the more general study of geography. It is also related to geostrategyGEO STRATEIG LOCATION: GEO STRATEIG LOCATIONPowerPoint Presentation: 38 AFGHANISTAN INDIA IRAN CHINA PAKISTAN ARABIAN SEA Area Total 803,940 sq km Land 778,720 sq km Water 25,220 sq km 523 km 2912 km 2430 km 1046 km 909 kmPowerPoint Presentation: GEO STRATIGIC SIGNIFICANCEGEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WARGEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WARGEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADEGEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADE COLD WAR ERAGEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE : GEO STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE INDIA SINO WAR US AFGHANISTAN WAR ARABIAN SEA AND TRADE COLD WAR ERA GAWADARINTERNATIONAL INTEREST: INTERNATIONAL INTERESTINTERNATIONAL INTEREST. : INTERNATIONAL INTEREST. US China Russian Indian Iran OmanUS INTEREST: US INTEREST United States perceived strategic utility of Pakistan to serve American global strategic interests Pakistan’s perceptions of United States strategic utility to serve Pakistan’s strategic aspirations. US military architecture in the Middle East IN 1970 Islamic Jihad against the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan in the 1990s participation in the US global war of terrorismCHINA PERSPECTIVE: CHINA PERSPECTIVE Pakistan’s territory as land routes for China’s access to the Gulf Region Pakistan’s location in close proximity to the Hormiz Straits, critically vital for US strategic interests and valuable as a Chinese counter-pressure point against the United States Convergence of Chinese and Pakistani strategic interests in Afghanistan and so also against India Islamic fundamentalism insurgency in China XinjiangRUSSIAN INTEREST : RUSSIAN INTEREST Faster strategic reinforcement capability in the region and eliminate Western submarine based threat from waters of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. Exertion of military pressure on Iran and Saudi Arabia through potential threat to their oil trade and be on the flanks of NATO countries. Maintain physical surveillance of the area which will enable her to link its Atlantic and Pacific fleet units. Baluchistan’s natural gas reserves, its mineral resources and vast cultivable land are additional benefits for the Russia.INDIAN THREAT: INDIAN THREAT Boundary dispute Coasteal dispute Water disputeIRAN PERSPECTIVE: IRAN PERSPECTIVE OIL RICH PROTECTION OF SHIPPINGANALYSIS: ANALYSISANALYSIS : ANALYSIS The United States and the West will continue to strategically dominate global power play. Regionally, India in a rising trajectory of strategic and economic power will outstrip Pakistan strategically by wide differentials China seems to be headed for a confrontation with the United States. In a US-China confrontation Russia is unlikely to be an active participant on China’s side.RECOMMENDATIONS: RECOMMENDATIONSRecommendations.: Recommendations. Strategic Advantages . Strategic Depth . Large Potential Sea Resources . Maritime Power . Control of Persian Gulf . Uninterrupted Trade . Economic Objectives . GLOBAL ECONONMY Examine the possibility of undertaking joint ventures with landlocked countries of the regions. Acquire more survey vessels and carry out survey of the seabed within our Exclusive Economic Zone.PowerPoint Presentation: QUESTIONS & ANSWERCONCLUSION: CONCLUSION FUTURE PERSPECTIVES QUESTIONS : FUTURE PERSPECTIVES QUESTIONS Will Pakistan’s strategic allies dilute their military alliances with Pakistan? Will USA and China recast their South Asia policies? Will Pakistan’s preferred strategic choice as a military partner would be China or Pakistan?Presentation By Zeeshan Rabbi (Baffa): Presentation By Zeeshan Rabbi ( Baffa ) You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.