Reading Skills and Reading Speed : Reading Skills and Reading Speed Presented By:
Zeeshan Bin Farrukh
1552-108-026 DefinitionReading is the knowledge process of deriving meaning from written or printed text. orReading is a process of retrieving and understands the meaning of stored information or ideas. : DefinitionReading is the knowledge process of deriving meaning from written or printed text. orReading is a process of retrieving and understands the meaning of stored information or ideas. Reading Skills and Reading Speed Slide 3: The Purpose and importance of Reading
To acquire / Enhances knowledge
Reading helps in mental development
Improvement of conversational skills
helps readers to decipher new words
developing vocabulary, language skills
To connect the ideas through the material on the basis of prior knowledge
If the reader don't know anything about a subject, then it will be difficult for him to grab the information
7516324 This is hard to read and remember.751-6324 This is easier because of chunking.123-4567 This is easy to read because of prior knowledge and structure Slide 4: Reading Comprehension:
The essence of reading
The process of constructing meaning from text
The ability to provide accurate responses regarding the written material Comprehension skills:
Readers' prior knowledge
Knowledge that reading makes sense
This knowledge helps to recognize the words and meaning.
Clarify confusing parts of the text
For instance skilled readers, may predict what will happen next in a story by using clues presented in text Slide 5: Factors that Impact on Reading Comprehension Reader Based Factors
Fluency with the Code
Engagement and interest Text Based Factors
Narrative v. Expository
Quality of text
Density and difficulty of concepts Slide 6: Five types of reading
Word by Word Reading
Reading to Study Comparison of efficient and slow readers : Comparison of efficient and slow readers Efficient reader
Reads multi-word phrases.
Sets a purpose.
Adjusts reading speed to need.
Has a large vocabulary in that subject area.
Practices speeded reading daily.
Marks text for memory.
Sorts materials as critical, interesting, or trash. Slow reader
Reads one word at a time.
Reads to "the end of the book."
Reads everything slowly and deliberately.
Re-reads sentences to be sure of understanding.
Has a limited vocabulary in that area.
Rarely attempts speeded reading.
Leaves pages pristine and clean.
Reads everything irregularly. Slide 8: Speed Reading
Speed Reading can help us to read and understand written information much more quickly.
To read large volumes of information quickly
Savings of time by speed reading Slide 9: Speed Reading is based on the following principles:
Wider visual span – seeing more words per fixation.
Minimizing vocalization (mouthing the word) and sub-vocalization ( saying the word in your mind) of the words.
Being familiar with the topic and terminology of the subject material.
Know why you are reading the material – motivation increases attention span.
Good visual skills – well coordinated eye teaming and focusing skills.
Minimized refractive error – easier if you are wearing the correct eye glass prescription – ask your optometrist or optician. Slide 10: Psychology of speed reading
Consciously force yourself to read faster
Putt the mind in order
Organizing, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Reacting
Reading and purpose of reading
keep yourself relax Slide 11: Some of the facts that reduce reading (speed reading) rate
Expanded length of time spent reading each block
Faulty eye movements Regression
Missing of concentration
Lack of practice in reading
Fear of losing comprehension
Poor evaluation of which aspects are important and which are unimportant.
The effort to remember everything rather than to remember selectively. Slide 12: Tips for increasing reading speed
Work on vocabulary improvement.
Determine your purpose before reading
Try to read faster than normal speed
Use your hand or an index Slide 13: Speed reading techniques:
1. Geometric progression
2. Time Calculation
3. Read, read, and read!
4. Keep plowing ahead
5. Seek professional help
SQ3R is a five-step reading strategy. The name is an abberviation of the five steps of the strategy:
Read (at your own pace):
Review Slide 14: How to Improve Our Reading Skills
Higher and professional education is required more reading.
Like in our course majority of work is depends on reading.
How good we are in reading skills?
steps to help us to improve our reading skills:
1. Evaluate our reading habits
2. Provide the best conditions for reading
3. Use our eyes efficiently.
4. Increase our vocabulary by keeping a dictionary
5. Match reading speed to the material we are reading
6. Do not vocalize the words.
7. Do not eread words.
8. To improve reading speed, practice for about 15 to 30 minutes each day Slide 16: For the curious
The average reading speed is often held to be around 265 wpm.
Calculating your reading speed is a very simple and straightforward process. Just time yourself reading a page of a book at a comfortable pace. Count the number of words in the first five or ten lines, whatever you feel is representative of the page as a whole, and then count the total number of lines in the page. Then use the following formula:
the number of lines in the page divided by
the number of lines used for your word count multiplied by
the number of words in your word count divided by
the number of minutes it took you to read the page Slide 17: Speed Reading software develop reading skills.
By using Speed reading software, you can improve your ability to speed read. You needn't practice special exercises; it is just enough to read and periodically practiceSpeed reading software characteristics. Common returns to what has already been read, usually decreasing the speed of reading, become impossible.
Articulation becomes impossible because nobody is able to articulate the text reading at high speed.
Become accustomed to grasping a whole word or a group of words by a single look. In such a way you activate your peripheral vision facilities.
Study how to speed read without haste because the program dictates the speed you have chosen and does not react to your haste.
Magic Speed Reading can be used to study foreign languages as well because initially you can read slowly, and then eventually accelerate, repeating familiar texts. Thank you : Thank you Download link for Report:
Download link for Presentation: