action research dr ayaz(a)

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ACTION RESEARCH Course: Research in education Submitted To: Sir :ayaz muhammad khan Submitted By: Khalid mahmood khan ZAHID MEHMOOD M.Phil (Education). MINHAJ UNIVERSITY, TOWNSHIP, LAHORE .

Classification ofEducational Research by purpose:

Classification ofEducational Research by purpose Basic Research. Applied Research. Action Research.

Objectives. :

Objectives. Explain the term action research. Describe the assumptions that underlie action research. Explain the purpose of action research. Describe the four steps involved in action research. Describe the some of the advantages of action research. Describe some of the similarities and difference between Describe the difference between practical and participatory action research.

Objectives. CONT ------:

Objectives. CONT ------ Suggest some ways that other kinds of research methodologies might be used in action research. Name some of the threats to internal validity that exist in action research studies. Describe the kinds of sampling used in action research. Explain why action research studies are weak in external validity. Recognize an example of action research when you come across it in the educational literature.

  What is Action Research? :

What is Action Research? Action research is a research initiated to solve an immediate problem or a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a " community of practice " to improve the way they address issues and solve problems. Such type of research in which problems are local and limied.

What is Action Research?:

What is Action Research? Action research is conducted by one or more individuals or groups for the purpose of solving a problem or obtaining information in order to inform local practice. Those involved in action research generally want to solve some kind of day to day immediate problem, such as how to decrease absenteeism or incidents of vandalism among the student body, motivate apathetic students .Figure out way to use technology to improve the teaching of mathematics, or increase funding.

Action Research:

Action Research The process by which practitioners attempt to study their problems scientifically in order to guide, correct and evaluate their decisions and actions is called action research.

History of Action Research:

History of Action Research Kurt Lewin , then a professor at MIT , first coined the term “action research” in 1944. In his 1946 paper “Action Research and Minority Problems” he described action research as “a comparative research on the conditions and effects of various forms of social action and research leading to social action” that uses “a spiral of steps, each of which is composed of a circle of planning, action and fact-finding about the result

Problems of Action Research:

Problems of Action Research Discipline problems of a class in a particular period. Try to find out the causes of late coming students in schools. Why girls hate from mathematics, Why students are afraid of algebra. Try to find out the causes of retardation of Narowal district position in Punjab from 14 th to 36 th in December,2012.


TYPES OF ACTION RESEARCH PRACTICAL ACTION RESEARCH Practical action research is intended to address a specific problem with in a classroom, school, or other community. It can be carried out in a variety of settings such as educational , social service , or business locations . Its primary purpose is to improve practices in the short term as well as to inform larger issues. It can be carried out by individuals , teams, or even larger groups, provided the focus remains and specific. To be maximally successful, practical action research should result in an action plan that , ideally , will be implemented and then further evaluated.

participatory action research:

participatory action research Participatory action research, while sharing the focus on a specific local issue and on using the findings to implement action. Differs in important way from practical action research. The first difference is that it has two additional purpose :to empower individual and groups to improve their lives and to bring about social change at some level _ school community or society.

participatory action research:

participatory action research . Accordingly, it deliberately involves a sizable groups of people representing diverse experiences and viewpoint , all of whom are focused on the same problems . The intent is to have intensive involvement of all these stakeholders, who function as equal partner.

Level of Participation in Action Research:

Level of Participation in Action Research Provide information Become informed of purpose of study Receive findings Assist in data collection and analysis Review findings Participle in interpretation Participate in designing project Participation in problems specification Initiate study

Steps in action research :

Steps in action research Identifying the research problems or questions Obtaining the necessary information to answer the question Analyzing and interpreting the information that has been gathered Developing a plan of action

Similarities and Differences Between Action research and Formal Quantitative and Qualitative Research. :

Similarities and Differences Between Action research and Formal Quantitative and Qualitative Research . Action Research Systematic inquiry. Goal is to solve problems of local concern. Little formal training required to conduct such studies. Intent is to identify and correct problems of local concern. Carried out by teacher or other local education professional. Formal Research Systematic inquiry. Goal is to develop and test theories and to produce knowledge generalizable to wide population. Considerable training required to conduct such studies. Intent is to investigate larger issues. Carried out by researcher who is not usually involved in local situation


INTERNAL VALIDITY IN ACTION RESEARCH Action research studies studies suffer particularly form the possibility of data collector bias, because the data collector is well aware of the intent of the study. He or she must take care not to overlook results of responses he or she does not want to see. Implementation and attitudinal effects are also a strong possibility, as either implementers or data collectors can, unwittingly, distort the results of a study.


ACTION RESEARCH AND EXTERNAL VALIDITY As is true of single-subject experimental studies, action research studies are weak when it comes to external validity—generalizability. One cannot recommend using a practice found to be effective in only one classroom! Thus, action research studies that show a particular practice to be effective, that reveal certain types of attitudes,or that encourage particular kinds of changes need to be replicated if their result are to be generalized to other individual, settings, and situations

The Advantages of Action Research:

The Advantages of Action Research It can be done by just about any one To investigate about any kind of problem or issue. To improve educational practice. It helps educationist and other professionals to improve their crafts. It builds up a small community f research-oriented individuals at the local level. Action research has both similarities to and differences from formal quantitative and qualitative research. Sudden implications/applications.

Disadvantages of Action Research:

Disadvantages of Action Research Action Research is relatively of poor quality. The applicability of the findings of action research to another school in the event of teacher transfer is questionable. The classroom teacher does not have enough time to conduct action research.

Group Discussion:

Group Discussion Are there any kind of questions that could not be investigated by means of an action research study? If you think so, give an examples. Which of the four stages of action research would be the hardest to carry out? why? What do you think the major advantage of action research? The major disadvantage. All of the participants-the stakeholders-in an action research study must be involved in the entire research process. Why not also require this in formal qualitative and quantitative studies?



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