SAT Test Structure

Category: Education

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Exam structure of reading and writing in SAT.


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SAT Test Structure:

SAT Test Structure

What is SAT?:

What is SAT? Scholastic Assessment Test - is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. - first debuted by the College Board in 1926.

Four Sections of SAT:

Four Sections of SAT Reading 65 minutes Writing and Language 35 minutes Math ( no calculator ) Math ( allowed calculator ) 80 minutes Essay 50 minutes The test taker may optionally write an essay which, in that case, is the fifth test section. The total time for the scored portion of the SAT is three hours (or three hours and fifty minutes if the optional essay section is taken ).

Reading Test:

Reading Test 52 multiple-choice questions based of reading passages. Table, graph and charts may accompany some passages but no Math is required to correctly answer the corresponding questions. Consist of five passages with 10-11 questions per passage . SAT reading passages draw from three main fields. History , Social Studies and Science.


Reading test always includes one passage from U.S world literature. One passage from either a U.S founding document or a related text. One passage about Economics, Psychology, Sociology or another Social Science. Two science passages.


Strategies and techniques to move through reading section faster and more efficiently . Read the passage first or the questions first? * If the subject of the passage is interesting to you, you should probably read it carefully and critically before you read the questions . * If the subject is not interesting to you, you might want to read the questions first before you read the passage to get a sense of what to look for. *If you have trouble following the author’s argument skip the passage, move on and come back to it later if you time. But keep in mind also that once the time allowed for a section is ended, you may not return to that section again so it is a must to use the time wisely.


2. Do the easy passage first. Read and answer the passage which is easier and you know something about even if it’s the last on the test. You should always lead with your strength.  


3. Concentrate on paragraph opening and closing. Topic sentence is often located near the beginning of the paragraph and sometimes the final statement of the paragraph suggest the main point. Read quickly and focus on the opening and closing and go back when you need the details to answers certain questions.    

Writing and Language Test:

Writing and Language Test 44 multiple-choice questions and time limit of 35 minutes. Read the passage , find mistakes or weaknesses in writing and to provide corrections or improvements.

Five major parts that will be measured in Writing Section:

Five major parts that will be measured in Writing Section 1. Command of Evidence Asked to improve the way passages develop information and ideas. For instance, you might choose an answer that sharpens an argumentative claim or adds a relevant supporting detail.


2. Words in Context Some questions ask you to improve word choice. You’ll need to choose the best words to use based on the text around them.


3. Analysis in History / Social Studies and in Science . You’ll be asked to read passages about these topics with a critical eye and make improvement on them.


4. Expressions of Ideas Questions ask about a passage’s organization and its impact. For instance you will be asked which words or structural changes improves how well it makes its point and how well its sentences and paragraph works together.


5. Standard English Conventions This is about the sentence structure, usage and punctuation. You’ll be asked to change words, clauses sentences and punctuation. Some topics covered verb tense, subject-verb agreement and comma use.  

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