Mumbai

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Mumbai systems of trade

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Mumbai Mumbai (Bombay , Bom Baim), is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Estimated population is 19 million ( second most populous city in the world) including New Mumbai called Navi Mumbai and Thane. It is the economic center of India. systems of trade

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Mumbai City growth is structured between 2 types of development forces nurtured by trade and commerce; a constant dialogue between the City of Faith, and The City as a Machine “organic” / non-linear growth Bottom up – indigenous settlements City of Faith “structured” / Linear growth Top down – colonial period -British & Portuguese City as Machine systems of trade LOCAL GLOBAL

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Mumbai TIMELINE : global & local forces systems of trade

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Mumbai systems of trade TIMELINE : global & local forces

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CITY GROWTH

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E/ A+H 1508 -1661 Portuguese Occupation. Creation of Fortifid City

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E/ A+H 1508 -1661 Portuguese Occupation. Creation of Fortifid City E+A/ H 1661 -1675 England Occupation The population Bombay grew from 10,000 to 60,000.

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E+A/ H 1661 -1675 England Occupation The population Bombay grew from 10,000 to 60,000. 1708 . Landfill between Mahim and Sion.

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E+A/ H 1708 . Landfill between Mahim and Sion.

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E+A/ H 1708 . Landfill between Mahim and Sion. 1772 Landfill between Mahalaxmi and Worli.

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E+A/ H Mid 18 Century With British control of Bombay confirmed, city planning began Grid system and restrictions for heights Segregation between Indian and British was enforced

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E+A/ H 1853 First Rails were laid

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E+A/ H 1864 Another railway line from Surat to Bombay was completed The first cotton mill was founded in Bombay. 1854

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E+A/ H A/E+H The Bubonic plague either killed or scared off a significant portion of Bombay’s population. 1890s 1899-1900 The Suburbia development effected by the people’s movement

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A/E+H 1911 Motorised taxis were already plying in Bombay Electrified suburban trains Completion of northern suburbs. 1925 H/E+A 1945-47 Greater Bombay was established India became a free

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1973- Today The Vashi Bridge was opened to the public Bombay was renamed Mumbai. Creation of Navi-mumbai H/E+A

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HETEROTOPIAS The present condition of the city houses 2 extreme development structures. NAVI MUMBAI – structured development DHARAVI– organic development

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Heterotopia 1- hidden ? heterotopia 3- illusion Small industrial production Pottery & tannery HETEROTOPIA DHARAVI

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Heterotopia 3 - illusion global commerce & trade HETEROTOPIA NAVI MUMBAI rail road Office bldgs.

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PUBLIC SPACE There are various public spaces throughout the city. (city of faith) local– religious, natural, and market (machine city) global - mall MALL BANGANGA CHOWPATTI BEACH CHAR BAZAAR

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PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOWPATTI BEACH

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PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOWPATTI BEACH shore ocean Mixed fabric Armature

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CHOR BAZAAR PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL

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PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOR BAZAAR Single armature with 2 enclaves

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PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL BANGANGA

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temple enclave temple enclave temple enclave PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOR BAZAAR Centering device - basin

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PUBLIC SPACE: GLOBAL MALLS Multiple enclaves & armatures Within an enclosed system

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-City of Faith & Machine City -Adjustability to hybrid city of 2 systems, regardless of planned or non-planned -Economy driven developments PUBLIC SPACE HETEROTOPIA