Slide 1: Mumbai systems of trade Slide 2: Mumbai Mumbai (Bombay , Bom Baim), is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Estimated population is 19 million ( second most populous city in the world) including
New Mumbai called Navi Mumbai and Thane.
It is the economic center of India. systems of trade Slide 3: Mumbai City growth is structured between 2 types of development forces nurtured by trade and commerce; a constant dialogue between the City of Faith, and The City as a Machine “organic” / non-linear growth
Bottom up – indigenous settlements
City of Faith “structured” / Linear growth
Top down – colonial period
-British & Portuguese
City as Machine systems of trade LOCAL GLOBAL Slide 4: Mumbai TIMELINE : global & local forces systems of trade Slide 5: Mumbai systems of trade TIMELINE : global & local forces Slide 6: CITY GROWTH Slide 7: E/ A+H 1508 -1661
Creation of Fortifid City Slide 8: E/ A+H 1508 -1661
Creation of Fortifid City E+A/ H 1661 -1675
The population Bombay grew from 10,000 to 60,000. Slide 9: E+A/ H 1661 -1675
The population Bombay grew from 10,000 to 60,000. 1708
. Landfill between Mahim and Sion. Slide 10: E+A/ H 1708
. Landfill between Mahim and Sion. Slide 11: E+A/ H 1708
. Landfill between Mahim and Sion. 1772 Landfill between Mahalaxmi and Worli. Slide 12: E+A/ H Mid 18 Century
With British control of Bombay confirmed, city planning began
Grid system and restrictions for heights Segregation between Indian and British was enforced Slide 13: E+A/ H 1853
First Rails were laid Slide 14: E+A/ H 1864
Another railway line from Surat to Bombay was completed The first cotton mill was founded in Bombay.
1854 Slide 15: E+A/ H A/E+H The Bubonic plague either killed or scared off a significant portion of Bombay’s population.
1890s 1899-1900 The Suburbia development effected by the people’s movement Slide 16: A/E+H 1911
Motorised taxis were already plying in Bombay Electrified suburban trains
Completion of northern suburbs.
1925 H/E+A 1945-47
Greater Bombay was established
India became a free Slide 17: 1973- Today
The Vashi Bridge was opened to the public Bombay was renamed Mumbai.
Creation of Navi-mumbai H/E+A Slide 18: HETEROTOPIAS The present condition of the city houses 2 extreme development structures. NAVI MUMBAI – structured development DHARAVI– organic development Slide 19: Heterotopia 1- hidden ? heterotopia 3- illusion
Small industrial production
Pottery & tannery HETEROTOPIA DHARAVI Slide 20: Heterotopia 3 - illusion
global commerce & trade HETEROTOPIA NAVI MUMBAI rail road Office bldgs. Slide 21: PUBLIC SPACE There are various public spaces throughout the city.
(city of faith) local– religious, natural, and market
(machine city) global - mall MALL BANGANGA CHOWPATTI BEACH CHAR BAZAAR Slide 22: PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOWPATTI BEACH Slide 23: PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOWPATTI BEACH shore ocean Mixed fabric Armature Slide 24: CHOR BAZAAR PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL Slide 25: PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOR BAZAAR Single armature with 2 enclaves Slide 26: PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL BANGANGA Slide 27: temple
enclave PUBLIC SPACE: LOCAL CHOR BAZAAR Centering device - basin Slide 28: PUBLIC SPACE: GLOBAL MALLS Multiple enclaves & armatures
Within an enclosed system Slide 29: -City of Faith & Machine City
-Adjustability to hybrid city of 2 systems, regardless of planned or non-planned
-Economy driven developments PUBLIC SPACE HETEROTOPIA