GUC ARCT 702 Legislations - Lecture 8 - Ethics 8-11-2018

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GUC – German University in Cairo Architecture and Urban Design ARCH 702 Legislation, Professional Practice and Contracts Fall 2018 Instructor: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub:

GUC – German University in Cairo Architecture and Urban Design ARCH 702 Legislation, Professional Practice and Contracts Fall 2018 Instructor : Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Lecture 8 1

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Zaha Hadid was questioned about the deaths of 1,200 workers on her Qatar 2022 centrepiece stadium. Zaha Hadid claims she, as an architect, is not at fault for the deaths of hundreds of construction workers in Qatar . Is she to blame?! ETHICS Problems

A Bid Manager, is in charge of a closed bid in which several firms are involved. The last day of the bidding period arrives, and one firm has not yet submitted an entry. He calls the firm and asks if they are going to submit a bid, and they say they have been too busy to write a proposal but might be able to get one worked out by the next day.:

A Bid Manager, is in charge of a closed bid in which several firms are involved. The last day of the bidding period arrives, and one firm has not yet submitted an entry. He calls the firm and asks if they are going to submit a bid, and they say they have been too busy to write a proposal but might be able to get one worked out by the next day. ETHICS Problems

He should: a. Open the bids and reveal the lowest bid to encourage the firm to enter. b. Open the bids and quote a false low bid so they will enter, but he will not be giving away the contract. c. Tell them he can't do anything for them. d. Allow the firm to enter a late bid. :

He should: a . Open the bids and reveal the lowest bid to encourage the firm to enter. b . Open the bids and quote a false low bid so they will enter, but he will not be giving away the contract. c . Tell them he can't do anything for them. d . Allow the firm to enter a late bid.

An architect is offered some additional gifts and services in exchange for using superior materials on a remodeling project. This was not detailed in the contract. She should: a. Take the offer and use the special materials. b. Reject the offer. c. Ask her boss which of the gifts to accept. d. Accept the gifts but use the materials specified in the contract in order to retain neutrality. :

An architect is offered some additional gifts and services in exchange for using superior materials on a remodeling project. This was not detailed in the contract. She should: a. Take the offer and use the special materials. b. Reject the offer. c. Ask her boss which of the gifts to accept. d. Accept the gifts but use the materials specified in the contract in order to retain neutrality. ETHICS Problems

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“Architects have a higher moral duty than other artists, since they have the greatest power to shape society .”  

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There’s an ethical void in the profession!

Joining a professional society means subscribing to that society's ethical standards.:

Joining a professional society means subscribing to that society's ethical standards . PROFESSIONAL ETHICS

Professionals are granted certain rights by society and, in turn, they are obligated to meet accepted standards of professional behavior.:

Professionals are granted certain rights by society and, in turn, they are obligated to meet accepted standards of professional behavior . ETHICS

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Ethics are integral to the practice of architecture. ETHICS

The Code of Hammurabi 1700 or 1800 B.C.:

The Code of Hammurabi 1700 or 1800 B.C. Law 229 . If a builder build a house for someone, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner , then that builder shall be put to death . Law 230. If it kill the son of the owner , the son of that builder shall be put to death .

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The enlightenment philosopher Jean Rousseau talked about the concept of a Social Contract (1762) , by which people of different backgrounds and cultures could enter into an agreement that would limit some of their liberty, but in doing so would help to create a more solid foundation for civilization . ETHICS

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ARCHITECT Honesty and Integrity provide a shield of protection to the public welfare and safety .

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1- While performing services, the architect's foremost responsibility is to the public welfare . Professional Practice and Ethics

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2- Architects shall approve only those designs that safeguard the life, health, welfare and property of the public while conforming to accepted professional standards . Professional Practice and Ethics

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3. If an architect’s professional judgment is overruled resulting in danger to the life, health, welfare or property of the public , the architect shall notify his/her employer or client and any authority that may be appropriate. Professional Practice and Ethics

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4. Architects shall be objective and truthful in professional reports, statements, or testimonies and provide all pertinent supporting information . Professional Practice and Ethics

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5. Architects shall not express a professional opinion publicly unless it is based upon knowledge of the facts and a competent evaluation of the subject matter. Professional Practice and Ethics

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6. Architects shall not express a professional opinion on subject matters for which they are motivated or paid , unless they explicitly identify the parties on whose behalf they are expressing the opinion , and reveal the interest the parties have in the matters. Professional Practice and Ethics

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6. Architects should avoid bribery, dishonesty, and slant in the business. Professional Practice and Ethics

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7. Architects shall not associate in business ventures with nor permit their names or their firms' names to be used by any person or firm which is engaging in dishonest, fraudulent, or illegal business practice . Professional Practice and Ethics

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8. Our foremost obligation is to the public welfare . Professional Practice and Ethics

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By applying the codes of ethics, an architect earns the trust and respect of his/her clients and employer. ARCHITECT

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1. Architects shall not undertake technical assignments for which they are not qualified by education or experience . This would be unfair, since the quality of the work would be inferior. Professional Practice and Ethics

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2. Architects shall approve or seal only those plans or designs that deal with subjects in which they are competent and which have been prepared under their direct control and supervision . Professional Practice and Ethics

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3. Architects may coordinate an entire project provided that each design component is signed or sealed by the specialist responsible for that design component. Professional Practice and Ethics Division

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4. Architects shall not reveal professional information without the prior consent of the employer or client . “Professional information" does not belong to the architect, but rather to the client or employer. Professional Practice and Ethics Division

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5. Architects shall not solicit or accept valuable considerations, financial or otherwise, directly or indirectly, from contractors, their agents, or other parties while performing work for employers or clients . This is commonly known as bribery or conflict of interest . Professional Practice and Ethics

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6. Architects shall disclose to their employers or clients potential conflicts of interest or any other circumstances that could influence their professional judgment or the quality of their service . Professional Practice and Ethics

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7. An architect shall not accept financial or other compensation from more than one party for services rendered on one project . This would be an obvious case of conflict of interest . Professional Practice and Ethics

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8. Architects shall not solicit or accept a professional contract from a governmental body on which a principal or officer of their firm serves as a member . Professional Practice and Ethics

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9. An architect who is a principal or employee of a private firm and who serves as a member of a governmental body shall not participate in decisions relating to the professional services solicited or provided by the firm to the governmental body . Professional Practice and Ethics

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Honesty and good will among architects provide the foundation for maintaining the reputation of their profession .

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1. Architects shall not misrepresent or permit misrepresentation of their or any of their associates' academic or professional qualifications, their level of responsibility nor the complexity of prior assignments. Professional Practice and Ethics

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2. Architects shall not directly or indirectly give, solicit, or receive any gift or commission, or other valuable consideration , in order to obtain work. Remember the term " bribery “ & " conflict of interest “. Professional Practice and Ethics Division

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3. Architects shall not attempt to injure, maliciously or falsely, directly or indirectly, the professional reputations, prospects, practice or employment of other architects , nor indiscriminately criticize the work of other architects . Professional Practice and Ethics Division

The Code of Ethics:

The Code of Ethics

The code of ethics provides members with guidelines and rules for fulfilling their obligations to the public, clients and users, the profession, their professional colleagues, the building industry, and the base knowledge on which the practice of architecture rests.:

The code of ethics provides members with guidelines and rules for fulfilling their obligations to the public , clients and users , the profession , their professional colleagues , the building industry , and the base knowledge on which the practice of architecture rests. The Code of Ethics

The code is arranged in three tiers: 1. CANONS: Broad principles of conduct to the discipline, the public, the client, the profession, and professional colleagues. 2. ETHICAL STANDARDS: More specific goals toward which members should aspire in professional practice and conduct. 3. RULES OF CONDUCT: The canons and ethical standards are stated in aspirational terms; the rules are mandatory and describe the "floor" below which a member's actions may not fall.:

The code is arranged in three tiers: 1. CANONS: Broad principles of conduct to the discipline, the public, the client, the profession, and professional colleagues. 2. ETHICAL STANDARDS: More specific goals toward which members should aspire in professional practice and conduct. 3. RULES OF CONDUCT: The canons and ethical standards are stated in aspirational terms; the rules are mandatory and describe th e "floor" below which a member's actions may not fall . The Code of Ethics

Example:

Example 41

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The following are the rules of the AIA 2012 Code of Ethics and professional Conduct , as a guideline: General Obligations Obligations to the Public Obligations to the Client Obligations to the Profession Obligations to Colleagues Obligation to the Environment 51

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ETHICS Problems:

ETHICS Problems

A Bid Manager, is in charge of a closed bid in which several firms are involved. The last day of the bidding period arrives, and one firm has not yet submitted an entry. He calls the firm and asks if they are going to submit a bid, and they say they have been too busy to write a proposal but might be able to get one worked out by the next day.:

A Bid Manager, is in charge of a closed bid in which several firms are involved. The last day of the bidding period arrives, and one firm has not yet submitted an entry. He calls the firm and asks if they are going to submit a bid, and they say they have been too busy to write a proposal but might be able to get one worked out by the next day. ETHICS Problems

He should: a. Open the bids and reveal the lowest bid to encourage the firm to enter. b. Open the bids and quote a false low bid so they will enter, but he will not be giving away the contract. c. Tell them he can't do anything for them. d. Allow the firm to enter a late bid. :

He should: a . Open the bids and reveal the lowest bid to encourage the firm to enter. b . Open the bids and quote a false low bid so they will enter, but he will not be giving away the contract. c . Tell them he can't do anything for them. d . Allow the firm to enter a late bid.

An architect is offered some additional gifts and services in exchange for using superior materials on a remodeling project. This was not detailed in the contract. She should: a. Take the offer and use the special materials. b. Reject the offer. c. Ask her boss which of the gifts to accept. d. Accept the gifts but use the materials specified in the contract in order to retain neutrality. :

An architect is offered some additional gifts and services in exchange for using superior materials on a remodeling project. This was not detailed in the contract. She should: a. Take the offer and use the special materials. b. Reject the offer. c. Ask her boss which of the gifts to accept. d. Accept the gifts but use the materials specified in the contract in order to retain neutrality. ETHICS Problems

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ETHICS Problems

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ETHICS Problems

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ETHICS Problems

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ETHICS Problems

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ETHICS Problems An architect may not:

Videos:

Videos Ethics: From Building to Architecture In the video, Henry Cobb, FAIA; Carl Sapers , Hon. AIA; and Mack Scogin , FAIA; discuss ethics, as applied to architectural practice in the broadest sense . Cobb immediately takes ethics beyond the architect, to the building: “ For me, the issue of ethics in architecture is not primarily about practice; it is about what I call 'the voice of architect,' the way that buildings speak .” https://youtu.be/xthJKWOErVU 91

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