Research Methods in Architecture - Literature Review

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Literature Review for Architectural Research

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Research Methods in Architecture Literature Review:

Research Methods in Architecture Literature Review Dr. Yasser Mahgoub

Literature Review:

Literature Review Architectural Research Methods Linda Groat & David Wang

Introduction:

Introduction Knowledge we already possess  New information Literature Review (LR): A survey of various sources to produce knowledge that is more lasting and has more widespread usefulness. A very important part of the research process Not only at the beginning of the process but throughout it.

Introduction:

Introduction Information from research: Address a specific topic Summarized in several sentences) Find its place in larger domain of relevant literature (community of people) Should be able to stand on its own

Research Cyclical Process:

Research Cyclical Process A research must be informed about existing literature. The outcome will expand that body of literature.

3.1.1. LR as an Exploratory System :

3.1.1. LR as an Exploratory System LR: A body of information existing in a wide varity of stored formats Has conceptual relevance for a particular topic of inquiry. Activities to use that body of information to define and address a topic of inquiry.

3.1.1. LR as an Exploratory System :

3.1.1. LR as an Exploratory System Important issues: Key sources Key theories Major issues and databases Epistemological* and ontological** grounds Main questions and problems * Epistemological -  is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge . ** Ontological - is the philosophical study of the nature of being, existence, or reality .

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR:

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR Annotated Bibliography: Listing of references obtained from searching a field’s literature Respond to each reference cited with a descriptive paragraph: Goals, Theoretical stance, Relevance for the investigation.

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR:

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR Annotated Bibliography: Listing of references obtained from searching a field’s literature Respond to each reference cited with a descriptive paragraph: Goals, Theoretical stance, Relevance for the investigation.

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR:

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR Annotated Bibliography: Listing of references obtained from searching a field’s literature Respond to each reference cited with a descriptive paragraph: Goals, Theoretical stance, Relevance for the investigation.

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR:

3.1.2. Annotated Bibliography vs LR From Annotated Bibliography TO Literature Review Introductory statement Summary of the lines of existing research (grouped) Observations on the state of literature: Expand – Covered – Arguments - …

3.1.3. Diagrammatic Structure for a Research Study:

3.1.3. Diagrammatic Structure for a Research Study Question Audience Literature Topic  Actions

3.1.4. LR for Designers vs LR for Researcher:

3.1.4. LR for Designers vs LR for Researcher Design Research Aim Empirical object Particular place and time Explanatory conceptual Beyond place and time Use Pragmatic - Typological - Facts for normative action Connect topic f inquiry – Theoretical – Philosophical – Epistemological - Methodolical Outcome Loose connection – Designed object – Without reference to a larger literature Connections – Explanatory – Relates to body of literature

3.2. Uses of LR:

3.2. Uses of LR To identify the research question: Emerge from analyzing, criticizing and suggesting improvements to an existing work. Comparison of literature. Existing Theory Testing Theory Expansion of concept or Theory Mining the Literature to develop a research question

3.2. Uses of LR:

3.2. Uses of LR Research Creativity: Derive new implications from existing position Critique past stances from an awareness of present positions Project future conditions based upon learned premises.

3.2. Uses of LR:

3.2. Uses of LR To Focus the topic of inquiry: Topic should not be: T oo general Too broad Too restrictive To Understand the Makeup of the Research Question Back-and-forth between Literature and Research Restate the topic several times

3.2. Uses of LR:

3.2. Uses of LR To Understand an Idea’s Generic Roots Historical lineage Family tree Network Grow the tree

3.2. Uses of LR:

3.2. Uses of LR To Understand the Current Conceptual Landscape Contemporary context Current points of view Competing Opposing Nuanced ( slight degree of difference) Intellectual agenda (buzz-words) Sustainability Deconstruction Transdisciplinary

3.3. General Topics:

3.3. General Topics Facts and Ideas Fact: Agreement – Quantifiable and certifiable - Idea: Inference or hypothesis (newspapers, letters, material objects, historical studies, …) Primary and secondary Sources Primary: Original Secondary: A source can be primary or secondary Methodology by Theory and by Application Describe methodology Apply methodology

3.4. Specific Tactics:

3.4. Specific Tactics Knowing where the resources are Having an organizing and retrieving system Motivation and imagination

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources:

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources Internet Library Archives Organizations Agencies Media

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources:

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources Internet Search Engines Specialized Search Engines Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Colombia University http://library.columbia.edu/indiv/avery/avery_index.html Arts and Humanities Search http://www.thomsonscientific.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jloptions.cgi?PC=H

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources:

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources Internet Full Text Services eJournals eBooks ProQuest http://www.proquest.co.uk/en-UK/ ScienceDirect http://www.sciencedirect.com/ NetLibrary http://www.netlibrary.net/

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources:

3.4.1. Where to go: Resources Internet Library Databases Specific Websites

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval:

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval Locating   Borrowing Digest the gathered information Frame the research report Note taking Catalog Creative imagination

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval:

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval Note taking Systematic way Index cards Notebook Laptop Record all of the bibliographic Information of the source Order To be retrieved Note taking  Note organizing Creativity and Imagination

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval:

3.4.2. What to do: Organization and Retrieval iPad App Review: Index Card iPad for Writers: Apps

End:

End

authorStream Live Help