Design 1 2010 Design Lecture 2 - BASED Design Method

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BASED Design Method by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub

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An Architectural Design Method The method is primarily a means of resolving a conflict that exists between logical analysis and creative thought. Christopher Jones B A S E D Briefing Problem Definitions Needs Context Program Site Analysis Program Site Goals Performance Concepts Alternatives Synthesis Solutions Creativity Form & Space Parti - Concept Schematic Design Study Models Evaluation Priorities Grading Communication Feedback Selection Optimization Design Drawings Final Models Reports Computer App. Presentation Communication BASED

Steps of the BASED Design Process: 

Steps of the BASED Design Process Briefing Site selection, Program formulation, Data collection, Examples, ... Analysis Design and Project Data analysis Identification of Objectives Synthesis Formulation of Concepts and Alternatives Communication of Concepts Evaluation Review of Alternatives Selection of one alternative Design Design details Communication media

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Linear Quality A nalysis  S ynthesis  E valuation Design Process Non-linear Qualities Flashes of insight … Creative leaps

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Design Process

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The Architectural Design Problem has Three Main Variables: NEED - CONTEXT - FORM Architectural Design Variables

Context: 

Climate Context N Summer Spring/Fall Winter Sun Wind Temerature

Context: 

Site Analysis The selection of site is a very important and sensitive task. It affects the success of the project. Site features include macro and microclimates, topography, natural circulation, views and landscaping elements such as trees, bushes, rocks, or water. Context

Programming: 

The architectural design programs are usually complicated. We are going to use here a small and simple program of a small house or chalet containing the following spaces: Entrance 5 m2 Living/Dining Space 40 m2 2 Bedrooms 25 m2 each Kitchen 10 m2 Bathroom 8 m2 Programming

Programming: 

Develop space allocation A graphic chart or block diagram makes space allocations visually accessible. Programming

Programming: 

Prepare adjacency studies The relationship of spaces is studied and charted using matrix charts , link-value charts , and bubble diagrams . Programming

Programming: 

The Bubble Diagram Relationships Diagrams Programming

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Relationship Diagram

Programming: 

Program Analysis Words and numbers  graphic terms, charts, bubble diagrams, and sketches of design concepts Be actively involved in the program and spend time confirming it Programming

Programming: 

Circulation Circulation, patterns of movement, is one of the most important aspects of design because it affects the human experience of space and place. The needs of special groups should be considered especially while designing public buildings. Programming

Programming: 

Social and Cultural Variables Patterns of behavior are different from country to country and among people of same country according to social and cultural backgrounds. The meaning and use of spaces in western countries is different than in Eastern and Middle Eastern countries. Programming

Programming: 

Social and Cultural Variables Spaces are not understood and used the same way by all people. In order to satisfy the end users of buildings, design should meet the specific needs of people such as: space configuration, use, form, orientation, control, privacy, etc. Programming

Design: 

Design Develop preliminary design This is the most in the design process. Creativity , comes into play and the efforts to find approaches that will be original , aesthetically satisfying , valid solutions to the problems defined through programming.

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From Bubbles to Areas

Design: 

Even experienced and highly skilled designers often find it difficult how this aspect of the design process works. They will say that they “ think about “the problem until they are “hit by an idea”. Design

Design: 

Design Process The design process works with information and ideas simultaneously on many levels . Designing is a reciprocal action and reflection . Design Process Design

Design: 

One assembles the puzzle picture by searching for fits; piece after piece is picked up, tried, and found to be a misfit until, finally, the right piece steps into place. The designers mind searches memory to find elements that meet their needs of the given problem. Design

Design: 

Drawings are the architects' preferred tool. Besides being an effective means of presentation and communication, drawings enable us to develop the first flash of an idea into the most detailed architectural form. Freehand Sketching Design

Design: 

In other words, drawings are important to design because design develops only through the interaction between and architect and such a vehicle as drawings. Freehand Sketching Design

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All such sketching remains loose and highly abstract. Only when creative thinking has led to a strong guiding concept is it appropriate to proceed to the more detailed planning steps. Freehand Sketching Design

Design: 

A designer will spread out the accurate, scale plans of the space in question and overlay these with thin yellow tracing paper on which sketches of the interior and plan form can be drawn. Design

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From Sketches to Drawings

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FORM OR FUNCTION, WHAT FOLLOWS WHAT?

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Computers & Architectural Design Gero, John S., A Locus for Knowledge-Based Systems in CAAD Education , The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts Manual Computer

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Omer Akin, Computational Design Instruction: Toward a Pedagogy , The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1990, p. 301 Computers & Architectural Design

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Thank you. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub